Why Is There No Palestine? | The Arab-Israeli Conflict Part 2

After nearly 100 years, the Zionist movement
had come full circle in 1948, declaring Israel an independent state. However, this was amidst chaos and claimed
upon land that already had people living there. How do we get from this period to today? That’s our subject for today. Hi, I’m Tristan Johnson, and this is Step
Back History. Be sure to click the subscribe button as well
as the bell notification to never miss a new Step Back video or live stream. So we left off the story last week when the
British ended their period of control over Palestine, and Israel declared its independence. The British pulling out resulted in the first
full-scale war in what would be several. Today we call this the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria all
invaded into the area of the British mandate. They reason that they recognised no government
in the area, and with the British pulling out they would move in to establish a state
in Palestine with a right to self-determination. In response, those Jewish paramilitary groups
began to conduct raids on Arab communities, forcing them out of the area and creating
a massive diaspora. The war’s result was a decisive Israeli
victory, with Israel annexing territory, even more than that laid out in the UN decision. The small remains of Palestinian land were
two regions, the Gaza Strip, and the West Bank. The two have not been reunited to this day. These regions came under the control of Egypt
and Jordan, as well as Jordan annexing the eastern part of Jerusalem, the Arab majority
part of the city. This short but bloody war created over 700,000
Palestinian refugees. They either ran away from the conflict or
were forced out by Israeli forces. Today these people are called the Palestinian
refugees. People without a home. The Israelis who took their homes refused
to let them return after the war, and no other states, except for Jordan, would give them
citizenship. The Arab countries didn’t want to make any
movements that might be perceived as recognition of Israel. The Israeli government eventually was pressured
into allowing 100,000 of them to return home to reunite families, but most of these displaced
peoples live in refugee camps to this day. The Arab states want to send them home, and
the Israelis want to resettle them in the to this day ever-shrinking Palestinian territories. In response to the war, about 800,000 Jews
either left or were kicked out of various countries in the middle-east and North Africa,
with most moving to Israel. Arabs who remained in Israel were allowed
citizenship, but for the next several decades were under martial law. They eventually restored legal equality, but
openly practice forms of racial profiling that keeps Palestinian Arabs, regardless of
religion, and non-white Jews as second-class citizens. After the war, violence was an ongoing way
of life in this region. Palestinian groups, as well as militaries
of other Arab nations, attacked Israeli civilians, Israeli army and paramilitaries reciprocated
in kind to Palestinian communities. One key event that would lead to another was
in 1955 where Israel pushed a raid on an Egyptian outpost in the Gaza Strip. They killed 37 Egyptian soldiers, and from
then on Egypt began to support Palestinian commandos or terrorists, or irregulars, or
whatever you wanna call them in Israel. Organizations like the Palestine Liberation
Organization or PLO were founded in this period. This continued until 1967 when Israel launched
a preemptive strike against the Egyptian militarisation of the Sinai peninsula here. This would come to be called the Six-Day War. In this very short conflict, the Israeli army
invaded and conquered the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, and East Jerusalem. By the way folks, this is why the Idea of
Jerusalem being the Israeli capital is so controversial. After the war, the Arab leaders met up and
agreed on a hard line. There would be no recognition of Israel, no
peace while they occupied Palestinian lands and no negotiations with the Israeli government. They called this the three nos. Palestinians now had to struggle for independence
and self-determination under Israeli occupation, and help from their neighbours would be much
harder to come by. They had to rely on only themselves for their
freedom. This is when the PLO elected their new leader
Yasser Arafat and began a campaign of guerilla war against Israel. Oh, and at this time Jordan had become a chaotic
place. Because of the displacement of the Palestinian
people, something like 70% of the population of Jordan was Palestinian. The PLO was exiled to Jordan after a failed
attempt to take back the West Bank, and they became agitators against King Hussein. They were eventually defeated and pushed out
along with a lot of Palestinian refugees without a home and forced to settle in Lebanon. From Lebanon, the PLO then began to enter
into the realm of insurgent attacks on Israel, and aeroplane hijacking. This peaked with horrible incidents like the
Munich Massacre, where members of a Palestinian terrorist group called Black September captured
eleven members of the Israeli Olympic team in West Germany in 1972. A failed rescue led to the death of all 11
athletes. Israel responded with an assassination spree
on PLO leaders in southern Lebanon. In 1973, Syria and Egypt attempted a surprise
assault on Israel known the Yom Kippur War. Despite an auspicious first few days, the
Israelis won another decisive victory. This pretty much ended the attempts from other
Arab states to do something about the Palestinians living under occupation in Israel. By the Mid-70s, a right-wing, ultra-nationalist
Jewish group called Gush Emunim began to build settlements in the Palestinian territory under
Israeli occupation. Israel initially tried to dismantle Jerusalem,
but over time decided to look the other way. These settlements began to grow and to this
day are now a sign of slowly erasing Palestine off the map. In 1978, a group of 12 PLO guerillas hijacked
an Israeli bus killing 37. The response from the Israeli Defence Force,
or IDF, was to invade Lebanon to conquer the lower portion and put an end to the PLO’s
stage of operations. They succeeded, pushing the PLO further into
Lebanon, but as soon as the IDF began to withdraw, the fighting continued. In 1981 Israel was coaxed into a ceasefire
by the US. This ceasefire would only last about a year,
however. There was an assassination attempt on the
Israeli ambassador to the UK by an ostracised splinter group of the PLO. Israel responded by invading Lebanon once
again in 1982. During the war, allied groups of the IDF carried
out massacres on the Palestinians in southern Lebanon, killing as many as 3 and a half thousand
unarmed Palestinian civilians. The IDF assisted in this by blockading the
Palestinian communities, with tanks. Something we would call a war crime, except
we don’t because…. Anyway, it caused a bit of a controversy in
the Israeli military as it turned out that awareness of this massacre was rather widespread,
even known by the defence minister Ariel Sharon. No one took any moved to stop it, and Sharon
resigned as defence minister over it. Don’t worry though, this didn’t prevent
him from becoming Israel’s prime minister in the early 2000s. The war resulted in a small force of Israeli
troops occupying southern Lebanon as a security buffer zone. The PLO’s leadership was exiled to Tunis,
and after the hijacking of a cruise ship, the IDF actually bombed them there as well. The cycle is pretty familiar to this day. Palestinian resistance fighters commit acts
of terrorism and guerrilla warfare. Israel responds with a giant invasion, a few
war crimes, then backs off when international finger-wagging gets a bit much for them. Repeat until… well, I’ll let you know
if this cycle ever stops. During this whole process, Israel also secretly
began to revoke the citizenship of any Palestinian who committed crimes such as studying abroad. This program has resulted in about a quarter
of a million people having no citizenship, and the program seems to continue to today. Now we get to intifadas, a term for uprisings. The first intifada happened in 1987. The rebellion occurred on its own, but the
PLO quickly jumped into a leadership role. The Israeli army attempted to suppress this
uprising meeting thrown rocks with bullets and bombs. During this first intifada, we saw the founding
of a new Palestinian organisation called Hamas, that to this day is the de facto government
of the Gaza strip. Since the first intifada, they have been fighting
what they call armed resistance against the Israelis, but what most would probably call
terrorist attacks against civilians. The PLO declared Palestinian independence
from their new new headquarters in Algeria. This has been recognised the world… somewhat. They are still under occupation by Israel. Hence why you might have heard it referred
to as Israel and the occupied territories, but they have in 2012 gotten non-voting observer
status in the UN if that means anything. The US got involved in 1991 and led along
with the USSR a conference in Madrid to end the intifada. During the Gulf War, Arafat took Saddam Hussein’s
side, which caused him to burn bridges with a lot of the PLO’s Oil producing allies
as well as Egypt that supported the US invasion. Many of these states cut off their funding
for the PLO. A couple years later in secret, the PLO and
Israel sent negotiators to Norway. Arafat sent the Prime Minister of Israel Yitzhak
Rabin a letter saying that the PLO recognised Israel’s right to exist, and renounce terrorist
acts. This massive breakthrough in negotiations
led to a seven-year-long process known as the Oslo peace process. Both sides attempted to find a two state solution. It was well-intentioned but ultimately unsuccessful. It did result in the creation of the Palestinian
Authority. It’s an organisation that acts as an official
government for Gaza and the West Bank and allowed for Israel to hand over some autonomy
to Palestine. This allowed for a formal organisation to
build government institutions for the region. Where things broke down was when evidence
surfaced that this Palestinian Authority was funding terrorist activities. Palestinians argued that this happened because
Israel was not giving Palestine enough independence to win over the ordinary people in the region. Israelis began to lose faith in the Oslo process. In 1994, a man named Baruch Goldstein, a part
of a Jewish ultranationalist party in Israel carried out a mass shooting of Palestinians
in Hebron. Hamas responded with suicide bombings throughout
Israel. This was the first time Hamas used suicide
bombers as a method of asynchronous warfare. After this, it would become a grim regular
tactic. By the time Rabin and Arafat made an agreement
that let the PLO move back to the occupied territories, the chaos was already out of
hand. The deal they made was rejected by Hamas,
and a radical Jewish nationalist assassinated Rabin in 1995. His successor Shimon Peres tried to keep the
peace process moving, but they lost the election the next year to a right-wing nationalist
party called the Likud party led by Benjamin Netanyahu. They rejected the peace process and advocated
a much more stern approach to negotiations. Violence by and against Hamas began to escalate. In response, Netanyahu authorised remilitarisation
in the region of Hebron. Israeli agents tried to use deadly poison
to assassinate Hamas’s leader in Jordan, but it failed, and the agents sent to do it
were captured. A last-minute concession of some poison antidote
and the release of Palestinian prisoners led to a ceasefire. Israel then got a new leader Ehud Barak, and
they even pulled their troops out of southern Lebanon they had been occupying since the
early 80s. However, this shut down when Arafat rejected
a joint Israeli-US offer to the Gaza Strip, 73% of the West Bank, that would increase,
and a Palestinian capital in East Jerusalem. This breakdown led to a second uprising in
2000 called the Second Intifada. The increase in violence continuing until
today. To the Israelis, it’s another terrorist
campaign. To the Palestinians, it is a revolution against
occupying forces. In 2001, Israel got a new leader Ariel Sharon. Remember that entirely not war criminal from
earlier? He decided to break off the Oslo peace process
formally. He rejected a peace plan proposed by the Arab
league. He also implemented the very Orwellian Operation
Defensive Shield, a violent invasion of the West Bank. He built a massive wall called the West Bank
barrier, or Apartheid wall by its detractors. Oh, and the wall was definitely built on top
of Palestinian territory and displaced anyone living there. He did, however, begin a new negotiation with
an international team of white countries to work out a new peace process with the Palestinian
Authority. Eventually, Israel agreed to pull out of Gaza,
but kept control of the coast and air, and even ejected some settlers from Gaza and the
West Bank. In 2004, Yasser Arafat died. The new president of the Palestinian authority
was Arafat’s political rival, Mahmoud Abbas. In the years following his death, it turned
out that aid to help the Palestinian cause was being squirrelled away by Arafat, and
a giant pile of money from other countries was uncovered. This led to widespread support of the Palestinian
authority to wane, and an increase in trust in Hamas. The Palestinian government elected Hamas into
power, leading to a massive cut in support to the region. An internal conflict led to Hamas becoming
the de facto government of Gaza. And we more or less get to where we are today. Hamas is growing in prominence, and Israel
assists them by reacting to small attacks with overwhelming force, killing massive amounts
of civilians. They’ve reportedly fired on red crescent
workers trying to help Palestinians, and used horrific weapons like white phosphorus on
civilian areas. Palestine continues to struggle for independence,
and the international community is quickly closing in on Israel. Their list of allies is getting smaller, but
with the backing of the US, they might not need the world. Where does this struggle go from here? How do you repair generations of conflict? What set of endless proposals for borders
do you use? Will it even matter as every day new settlements
go up in the west bank, and more Palestinians leave looking for a more peaceful place to
live? I don’t know the answer, and I bet no one
does. If you do though, I imagine there’s a Nobel
Peace Prize in it for you. Sometimes in streams, I get asked about why
I am a pacifist. I give this answer a lot, and I think the
conflict in Palestine and Israel cements it for me. When you raise a gun in a revolution, even
for the best of purposes, you sew the seeds of your movement’s own destruction. For every death, another family is shattered
and broken, and will now have a personal vendetta against your campaign. They dehumanise you and your people and your
cause just a little bit more, and it only grows over time. The only way to end such a cycle is a long
process of forgiveness, reconciliation, and healing that could take generations. But it seems I’m alone in seeing that as
a solution. So if you enjoy this channel and want to hear
me talk about inane things all day. You should check out my twitter. It’s @TristanPEJ and its a blast. I hope. I’d like to thank all these excellent patrons
who support Step Back on Patreon. This video was a stretch goal on there, and
the next one is on Iran, so if you wanna see that video go to patreon.com/stepbackhistory
The theme song is by 12tone and come back soon for more Step Back.

  1. Why does Israel and Palestine seem embedded in endless conflict? This series explores the historical roots behind this ancient conflict: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BOqu5qwJpvA&list=PLnpoOo7lhNnHy6p0lrL3WugJ3ltlR-_mM

  2. George Carlin said it best, We are semi-civilized beasts with baseball caps and automatic weapons, how many innocent people die every day victims to rotten ideologies like religion and nationalism.
    Perhaps one day Israel and Palestine will have rational leaders and with sincere effort from the international community this shitshow will be over for good.

  3. I liked the two videos very much, although I have a different take on the conflict. As I see it, both sides have committed war crimes. The Second Intifada was much more virulent than the first, with bombings specifically in civilian targets. The 2005 Gaza abandonment by Israel in fact worsened the situation, as Hamas took over the infraestructure of the former settlers and destroyed it due to their crazy antisemitic idea that somehow prosperous industries are "tainted" by Zionism…

  4. It's very convenient for you to talk about how talk is all that we need to solve problems when well… the people dropping white phosphorus, the people invading other's territory, all of that great stuff, are the ones who have no reason to listen to talking, who keep violating basic human rights. Sure, put down your guns. Look harmless. Talk. That makes it so they have no reason to be afraid of you, because there's no reason at all that Israel should be afraid of the international community's sanctions, or disdain. Has that done anything so far? No one has done anything significant to stop their many violent campaigns against the Palestinians.

    From our places of relative comfort, saying that all people need to do is put down their arms and ask politely for concessions is nice… but that historically does not promote change. I don't really see how you, as someone who has studied history, could even vaguely believe that minority groups being shat on would ever benefit from politely asking people with guns, moral authority, and very other form of power to politely give them more rights/respect. Unless someone makes it very inconvenient for those in power, the status quo remains. Period. Often times it slowly becomes more regressive to ensure that power doesn't change. Only through discomfort, only through their pain, only through showing that things need to change or things will get worse, can people win the rights they deserve in the first place.

    If you think that polite talking solved civil rights in the US, you accept the Disneyfication of Martin Luther King Jr, the erasure of the Black Panthers… and that's not even going into the fact that LGBTQA rights in the US are often credited to the Stonewall Riots (history that ignores the west coast because it's US history so who cares about similar movements if they aren't in New York?) which were not peaceful calm talking.

    I respect that an eye for an eye leaves us all blind, but it is at best ignorant to claim that the solution is simply to talk when those in power have no reason to have a discussion in good faith about the problems we're dealing with. I don't advocate for violence as a fun thing to do, or violence against those not responsible for any wrongdoing, but I have a hard time swallowing that we should all just talk politely to the Israeli government any more than I think we should politely talk to Nazis or others with far right wing ideologies that not only do not respect the rights of others, but actively benefit from harming them.

  5. the solution might be to forget about the Palestinian issue and foucs on the Saharan Arab Democratic Republic; if you can solve that issue solving the Palestinian issue might become easy.

  6. The same way we don't have Prussia, after WWII the German-speaking people who lived in was historically Prussia, now Poland and Lithuania were expelled from their homes and were forcibly moved to Germany. you can argue that the Germans were planning the same fate for the polish and Lithuanians. but do two wrongs make a right?

    had things been different the Arabs won the war, the Jews would have been made refugees just like the Palestinians…That's not a justification of the Nakba, but just pointing out it wasn't like back in the 40's only the Zionists did such things.
    This was a vicious war, and only one side could have won it.
    had the descendants of Palestinian refugees weren't still living in refugee camps, this history wouldn't have been relevant today, just like the explosion of Germans from Poland, and Italians from Slovakia.

  7. extreamly left wing and pro arab point of view on history , its more like step left history. יש המון עובדות נכונות בסרטון אני מסכים, אבל הן מעורבבות בדעות קיצוניות ואנשים שלא מכירים את ההיסטוריה מתייחסים לדעות הללו כהיסטוריה , שיטה מעולה להסתה . גבלס יהיה גאה.

  8. You neglected to mention American involvement in the conflict.
    you are making it seem that the Six days war was entirely an Israeli initiative, that was just another proxy war between the USA and USSR, Egypt being a Soviet stooge, and Israel an American stooge. Israel did everything with the approval and supervision of the mighty US of A. Nixon wanted Israel to invade Sinai peninsula and secure the east coast of the Suez canal. When Carter wanted to steal Egypt as an Alie from the soviet, Israel made peace with Egypt.

    you also neglect to mention the fact that Israeli never annexed the occupied territories, in the early days Isreal didn't want to keep the west bank, Israelis in the 70's and 80's thought that the west bank would be imminently returned to Jordanian hands in exchange for a peace deal…but that never happened obviously. then the settler movement started to get traction in the 90's, and we end up with the situation we have today.

  9. Great video. The only solution I can think of for this conflict is no jewish state, no arab state but an internationaly (un) controlled region where everybody has the same rights until the tensions die down and people start understanding and forgiving each other. After that a non ethnic state is set.

  10. "Violence is undermining the very foundations of Israeli democracy. It must be condemned, denounced, and isolated. This is not the way of the State of Israel." – Yitzhak Rabin, 1995, his last speech before being assassinated.

    "האלימות היא כרסום יסוד הדמוקרטיה הישראלית. יש לגנות אותה, להוקיע אותה, לבודד אותה. זו לא דרכה של מדינת ישראל"

  11. this video is showing only one side of the conflict and encouraging hate on Israel and Jews, Israel offered an Arab state 5 times the Arabs will not accept any peace deal because they want to destroy Israel. the PLO leader is a holocoust denier there is no peace because the Palestinians are only seeking the destruction of Israel and you said nothing about it a history channel should be as objective as possible you cant just call one side a war criminal while victimising the other
    I am aware that you've made a video about Israel but this video should be objective but you've victimised the Arab side too much in my opinion

  12. I'm not sure even non-violent reconciliation works, given the lack of progress the First People's have been having in Canada.

  13. Multiple counts of Israeli causalities and only one abstract mention of Palestinian causalities. Typical.

  14. Just an FYI. At about 6:10 you say "Israel tried to dismantle these settlements" but the subtitle/closed caption says "dismantle Jerusalem".

  15. Step Back History you skipped over the part of the war between Palestinian Jews and Arabs… and started with the attack of the Arab states which is weird, than you completely misrepresent the aim of the invading Arab armies, Arab League's Secretary-General Azzam Pasha have said prior to the invasion "I personally wish that the Jews do not drive us to this war, as this will be a war of extermination and a momentous massacre which will be spoken of like the Mongolian massacres and the Crusades".
    also please show one example, one, just one, how Arabs or non -white Jews are treated like second class citizens in Israel i would love to know. especially considering the fact that the commander of the IDF and the finance ministers at this moment are both non white Jews. please do clarify the subject.

  16. any body has any kind of proof regarding the citizenship revoking of Palestinians by Israel? anybody? please share.

  17. You are not alone.
    Violence can never achieve peace by the shear nature that violence is an act of catharsis against perceived violence.
    As long as human beings seek to fulfill our base needs without introspection, we will always be at war within and without.

  18. Israel loosing allies? Sorry, but no. Check out these links.
    If anything in recent years the list of allies of Israel has increased. Maybe in Europe things are getting worse, but in other regions of the world Israel continues to gain.

  19. The title is extremely misleading. Palestine is a geographic region that encompasses all the territory of the former Mandate. Its political status doesn't change that. When the Allied Powers occupied Germany, Germany's political status changed, but it didn't cease to exist as country. Similarly, Palestine is a country just like any other, regardless of what political entity you think should have jurisdiction over it.

  20. I like the subway background because it helps me feel like you are talking to me in an actual place 😀

  21. I think its possible that the Israeli's going to be overwhelmed by Saracen births inside the state so their hold on the land will fail.

  22. Palestine does not exist because the Palestinian and the Arabs' sole objective is the destruction of the state of Israel, the diamond in the mud, the most vibrant, peaceful and diverse state and the only true democracy in the entire Middle East!

  23. Pacifism is a coward's way out. When your life is on the line, you annihilate your enemies. You strive for peace, always prepared. That's what Israel does.

  24. Again, very misinformed and misleading. The Palestinians lived in Marshall law fir few years, not decades, they and none white jews are not second class citizens in any way.. overall very biased and not accurate.

  25. well i doubt this will be controversial and the comments section will be full of restrained, well-meaning debate

  26. If insteas of trying to expell Jewish people in 1948 would've respected the UN decision Palestine would exist…

  27. I can't believe you're such an anti-Semite, saying those anti-Semitic things, like… The anti-Semitic thing you said. You know which one. The part where you didn't shout "HAIL NETANYAHU! HAIL CONQUEST!"

  28. While there was some exciles of Palestinian peoples not all where forced out, many left on their own accord and many stayed behind.

  29. In my honost opinion, A one state solution is the only possibility, the population of both israel and palestine is 13 million in a combined land the size of new jersey. Both population's are growing rapidly and are expected to double to 26 million by 2040-2050. The birth rate of jew's have gone up to 3.13 or 6.2 for hasidic jew's, the palestinians in gaza is 4.2 and the west bank 2.9.
    both populations are young and the next generation are becoming more conservative again so a one state solution is the only one that's gonna work other wise israel will land grab all of palestine and use an apartheid type system to make arab's not voting citizen's.

  30. Lets be honest my friend: The Palestinians are by far the worst negotiators in the world and the result is the current situation today.

  31. hey you didn't mention the yassar arifat death by poisoning. and no, it was not bad curry! what's funny is that israel always seems to get what it wants: when arafat was palestinian leader they supported hamas and now hamas holds the torch for the palestinians. and now they hate hamas. strange!

  32. Sure it's about oil. But it's also about tribalism. The most ancient manipulation of this human tendency is religious belief. The Middle East is volatile because it's so easy to find true believers, on both sides. Discussing this contribution of religion is not the total solution, but should be recognized as one of the required components to the mutual hatred. Hey, why not start a discussion on circumcision? Better referred to as male genital mutilation. You'll probably find unity between Israel and the rest of the Middle East.

  33. the solution is very simple,
    1 – give the displaced Palestinians the right of return, and compensate them by accommodation.
    2 – stop illegal settlements.
    3 – eliminate the systematic segregation policies while maintaining the Jewish identity.

    all this can be achieved in one state solution, but in my opinion, those are three nos from the Israeli side

  34. Kinda disappointed. The first video was not biased at all and was very informative. This one is biased and full of misconceptions. Like the separation wall. Only a small portion of it is a concrete wall. Most of it is a normal border like fence. Truth of the matter is if the Palestines would put down their weapons, there will be peace. The gaza strip had the opportunity to develop but instead Hamas chose to build tunnels and fire rockets. And what about all the terror attacks committed by Palestines against Israeli civilians, elders women and children? Real shame on your part

  35. well i started watching your videos out of interest of seeing the story from a different angle but i was sad to discover that your video has plenty of mistakes, defiantly not an accurate video at all. such a shame

  36. Alright, let's deal with some of what is told here, and as a rule, I like this channel. Before I comment, I taught this subject for 25 years, studied it for 35, have a good idea on it, much of what we are told is half-truths and outright lies.
    First, if you are going to deal with this you really need to go to the end of WW1, start there. The Ottomans had sided against the allied powers, sided with Germany, and the Austria-Hungary empire, they lost the war. At the end the empires of the nations that lost were forced to be given up, the Hapsburg dynasty came to an end, the Ottoman Empire due to bad handling of the war, loss of resources also collapsed.
    The Ottoman Empire in the treaty of Sevres gave up sovereignty to the lands they controlled to the League of Nations; at that point they became sovereign of the lands that the Ottomans used to hold. In a move to create self-determination they in turn set up mandates for area's that had not had any self-rule for hundreds of years, primarily what today is Iraq, Syria and what now is Israel, these were the Mandates of Palestine, Syria, and Mesopotamia.
    So let's deal with the Mandate of Palestine, the rest have no bearing on this. The Mandate of Palestine or more accurately the Palestine Mandate, the best way to explain this is to show what the opening statement of that mandate was, mind you this was in 1918, not 1948 like many commonly believe:

    The Palestine Mandate

    The Council of the League of Nations:

    Whereas the Principal Allied Powers have agreed, for the purpose of giving effect to the provisions of Article 22 of the Covenant of the League of Nations, to entrust to a Mandatory selected by the said Powers the administration of the territory of Palestine, which formerly belonged to the Turkish Empire, within such boundaries as may be fixed by them; and

    Whereas the Principal Allied Powers have also agreed that the Mandatory should be responsible for putting into effect the declaration originally made on November 2nd, 1917, by the Government of His Britannic Majesty, and adopted by the said Powers, in favor of the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people…..

    So what was the mandate set up for? A home for the Jewish people to experience self-determination, nothing more, outside of this the mandate said the nation would have to honor and protect the Arabs, but never mentioned any homeland for them there.

    Now the Mandate Land that was given was as such:

    As you can see, what was given made up modern day Israel, the Golan Heights, and Jordan. The British to appease the Arabs who found this rather unfair set about stripping over 70% of the land and set up Transjordan, this later became the modern day nation of Jordan. This alone was a violation of the Mandate, but they went further, in the Mandate it prohibits any transfer of land to another sovereign, yet the British brought in the Hashemite’s from Saudi Arabia, set them up as kings in Jordan, Syria and Iraq, today only the Jordanian monarchy survives.
    The land was supposed to set up a area for the Arabs to control, the Jews would control the other 30%, this was never acceptable to the Arabs, due to this not only did the attacks against Jews start and escalate, but so did massive Arab illegal migration to the land. Arab national leaders made the situation worse by paying their people to migrate to the land, this was noted by the British living there at the time:

    The British governor of the Sinai (1922-1936) reported in the Palestine Royal Commission Report that illegal immigration to Palestine was not only occurring from Sinai, but also from Transjordan and Syria.

    In 1939, British PM, Winston Churchill, stated: " the Arabs have crowded into the country and multiplied till their population has increased more than even all world Jewry could lift up the Jewish population."

    In 1934, the Governor of the Syrian district of Hauran admitted that within just a few months, more than 30,000 Arabs left Hauran for Palestine.

    I could make this larger, much larger, but would prefer to break this up into smaller parts, that way if you wish, please research, bring any arguments along with FACTS to bring your case.

    I will continue this, look at the real population figures, not the faulty figures done with backward projects due to false claims.

    If you wish to know more about this, I have documented much of this on my website, please, I challenge anyone to bring facts to the table and try to disprove what is shown.

    This looks at the Palestinian historical claim – http://www.0censor.com/palestinians-historical-claims/

    This breaks down in three parts the claim that Israel stole Palestinian land, shows supporting evidence, gives historical references and shows how this claim is not very accurate. Due to amount of referal material, I had to break this down into three parts – http://www.0censor.com/did-israel-steal-the-ancestral-home-of-the-palestinians-part-1/


  38. the entire 17 minute video is inaccurate and misleading


    visit and see for yourself

  39. Some facts, but most got tainted with some propaganda lies. Your first video was much more accurate and neutral.

  40. Ha, the subway backdrop was a pretty interesting choice. I dig it. It's very different. It's like I'm on the way from work on the Subway and this guy's talking to me about Israel-Palestine, but he's not a wackadoo like most people who do that sort of thing.

    Also, the trick with using violence in defense of a cause is to use it selectively, and only as a tool – not a full methodology. It is the "bad" cop to the "good" cop. It is something to be used as an accessory to non-violent diplomacy or activism. It is a statement reading "We can do this the civil way, or if you prefer we can make this difficult". In that respect violence always has a place but violence itself is parasitical. It grows once it is used. Once the cat is out of the bag you can't get it back in, not without careful effort. Even if one approaches violence in this surgical manner – as many have – it can still get out of hand – as it has and will continue to until the end of time. There is a point where pacifism fails to work, you can't bank on only one methodology, but you can't view them as anything more than tools used to reach a preferred conclusion – if you allow yourself to be consume by that one methodology you run the risk of completely losing sight of the preferred conclusion and even acting counter-intuitively to your end-goal for the sake of the chosen methodology.

  41. Now I finally understand. I always found the history so confusing while learning it on my own. Great video!

  42. Its such a tragic situation but I do understand where the Israelis hate comes from, fear, people need to understand that for literally THOUSANDS of years Jews have been 2nd class citizens at best and victims of genocide at worst, unlike other minorities in the world like Muslims or blacks, Jews have never had a contiguous state, this made them an extremely easy target for states when they needed scapegoats, Jews had nowhere to go, nowhere to call home and whats worse is they couldn't even denounce their faith or change to others as someone who used to be a jew or had Jewish ancestors was considered a Jewish infiltrator in the eyes of their host nations.
    Can you imagine that? Can you imagine the despair?
    These people have suffered together for thousands of years, so now they do not trust the world in any way, shape or form when they call for peaceful coexistence.
    I'm not taking sides, like I said its a tragedy what is happening in Palestine, but I know one thing, if we can have a peace settlement where both sides are generally happy then there is no reason the world can't know peace too.
    Not because of a religious sense but I believe as soon as there is peace in Palestine and Israel then peace will come to the world.

  43. And at the same The Jewish military organization also carried out ethnic cleansing against the population of over seven hundred thousand Arabs (and future Palestinian refugees). You should also read this part of history which also delves into this tragic part on the conflict because there evidence of quite blatant acts of ethnic cleansing against the local population of modern day Israel.

  44. In addition, the new national law in Israel, now offcially regards Palestinian-Israeli citizen as second class citizens

  45. You need to get your facts right, this wrong history, i wont want to embarrass you here because no one will ever watch your vids

  46. "In 1994, a man named Baruch Goldstein, a part of a Jewish ultranationalist party in Israel
    carried out a mass shooting of Palestinians in Hebron. Hamas responded with suicide bombings throughout Israel."- 11:19 But why he did it? "On December 6, 1993, Goldstein's close friend Mordechai Lapid and his son Shalom Lapid were killed in Hebron. As the settlement's emergency responder, Goldstein was present at the murder scene" wiki, I mean the violence started before Goldstein's shooting….

  47. He mentions that the Arabs are moving out of Judea & Samaria and follows in the next breath by saying he doesn't know what the solution to the conflict is …. that's it! Problem solved.

  48. Ok, so right off the bat, you're wrong. The British never had control over "Palestine" because there never was a nation Palestine. I'm getting sick and tired of this lie being told. The term "Palestine" was never used to define a country but rather a geographic area such as "North America" or "Europe."

    By contrast, Jews have a history in that land that dates back to at least 1050 BCE when several Jewish tribal states unified into the Kingdom of Israel whose leaders were Kings, Saul, then David then Solomon. Perhaps you've heard of that last one? Heard he was a bit of a wise one.

    The Kingdom of Israel existed until shortly after the death of King Solomon. The unified Kingdom then split, around 930 BCE, into the Kingdom of Israel in the North and the Kingdom of Judea in the South. The Kingdom of Israel fell to the Assyrians in the 7th century BCE and Judea to the Neo-Babylonian Empire in 586 BCE.

    To say that Israel took "Palestinian" lands in the War of Independence is as laughing inaccurate as to say that Nazi Germany took European lands in World War 2.

    Further, there were no Palestinian refugees, again, because there simply was never a Palestine. Prior to Arafat, there has never been a Palestinian leader, country, flag, government or any other trappings of a nation state, or even a mention of "Palestinian" people.

    Please stop spreading this lie that Israel took Palestinian lands.

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