Why Global Military Spending Is On The Rise


Global military spending is
on the rise. That means more and better
equipped soldiers on land more warships at sea and more high tech fighter
jets in the skies. In 2018, worldwide, military
spending hit 1.8 trillion dollars. It has reached the highest point since
us at SIPRI have started compiling world data over the
last 30 something years. So what does all this mean? Does more military spending
make the world safer? Or is it a warning
of conflict to come? The last time spending rivaled today’s
levels was at the height of President Reagan’s Cold War arms
buildup in the late 1980s. But the sudden collapse of the Soviet
Union in 1991 changed the game. Military spending soon plummeted. Large scale military conflicts virtually disappeared
for the most part, at least. And the global economy boomed. By 1998, global spending hit its
lowest point since the Cold War. But then… There is a major
incident in lower Manhattan. Apparently, a plane has crashed into one
of the upper floors of the World Trade Center. The September 11th attacks in
2001 prompted a massive U.S. military mobilization for President
Bush’s ‘War on Terror’. Our enemy is a radical network
of terrorists and every government that supports them. As the U.S. and its allies deploy troops to
Afghanistan and Iraq, global spending numbers swelled, until Obama’s first
term, when war fatigue, internal budget pressures and troop withdrawals
pushed spending back down again. So if it wasn’t Iraq and
Afghanistan that propelled military spending to record levels in 2018, what was it? During all of this, a tectonic geopolitical
shift was taking place in East Asia, the rise of China. In 1990, the U.S., the Soviet Union, then
Germany, France, the U.K. and so on made up
the top 10 military spenders. But fast forward to 2018 and
those top spenders have drastically changed. China has jumped from a share of just
2 percent to 14 percent, the second largest behind the U.S. The country’s explosive economic growth allowed
it to increase spending for 24 straight years, culminating in a
2018 budget of 250 billion dollars. So where’s all that money going
to modernize China’s People’s Liberation Army? President Xi Jinping hopes to
fully modernize the military by 2035 and complete training into a
world class force by 2049. They want to assert themselves as a
regional superpower, but also as a world superpower competing
with the U.S. on a military basis. Progress has been swift. Since just 2011, China has gone
from having zero commissioned aircraft carriers to two in operation
and a third under construction. The U.S. in comparison has eleven much more
massive and highly advanced carriers. The Chinese are fielding elite fighter jets
as well, like the J-20 Chengdu and the Shenyang FC-31. Together, these fighters are designed
to compete with America’s latest generation Stealth F-22
Raptor and F-35. U.S. officials claim the Chinese used hacked
F-35 plans to help build these next generation aircraft. And that leads us to cyber warfare. China is spending big there, too. China doesn’t only want
to hack into U.S. computer networks, it wants to find
a way to neutralize U.S. advantages on the
physical battlefield. China has been watching how the
United States has conducted military operations very closely for
the last 25 years. They understand how dependent we
are on information enabled technologies and they have been developing asymmetric
capabilities to deny us those key enabling technologies. China’s also spending money to update
its nuclear arsenal and the bombers and submarines that carry those
weapons of mass destruction. Then there’s hypersonic missiles. They travel more than five times the
speed of sound, making them difficult to detect and neutralize. And if that wasn’t enough, these cutting
edge weapons also come tipped with nuclear warheads. Another really significant area is
China’s development of anti satellite weapons. Space is critical to just about everything
we do with regards to military operations, for reconnaissance, to communicating
with our own forces, to placing weapons on targets. If China or other adversaries can deny
the United States access to space based capabilities that would fundamentally
change the military equation here on Earth. China is also expanding its
military presence beyond its borders. In 2017, China opened its first overseas
base in the African country of Djibouti. China has been flexing its
military muscles in its own backyard as well. China is trying to project power into
the South China Sea, where it has territorial disputes over resource rich
islands and shallow reefs with nations like the
Philippines and Vietnam. China has begun unilaterally asserting
claims over these islands, turning several into full scale military
installations and demanding vessels recognize Chinese authority
in surrounding waters. An international court ruled against
these actions in 2016. The U.S. also rebuffs China’s demands by frequently
sailing Navy ships through the waters, China claims. Still, China shows no
signs of backing down. There is the prospect that the two
sides could get into a skirmish, a crisis, or even potentially a war in
the waters or airspace over the South China Sea, or even more likely,
in my view, over Taiwan. The island of Taiwan, once under
mainland China’s control, broke away during China’s communist
revolution with U.S. support and now governs
itself as a democracy. But today’s mainland communist leadership
still claims the island. Most analysts don’t believe that China has
the ability today to launch an amphibious invasion of Taiwan and take
the country over by force and occupy it. What concerns more observers is the
possibility that China might use some of its increasing military capabilities to
try to blockade or coerce Taiwan into politically unifying
with the mainland. President Xi Jinping has ramped up
military exercises around Taiwan and further diplomatically isolated the island since
he came to power in 2012. The other thing to remember about China’s
military spending is a lot of its military spending is actually
directed internally toward maintaining political stability within China. 2019’s unrest in Hong Kong has prompted
concern over how China might use its upgraded military capabilities. After weeks of protests, the People’s
Liberation Army released this video showing soldiers conducting battle exercises
in urban environments and quelling simulated civilian unrest. The overall worry? a newly empowered China will not be
a benevolent player on the world stage. Instead, using its military
prowess to bully weaker neighboring countries and to suppress its own people
or those it claims it represents. This worry has helped prompt
spending increases throughout the Asia-Pacific region, countries as diverse
as Japan, South Korea, Vietnam and Australia all increased
spending in 2018. Vietnam started buying submarines. Taiwan started developing more anti
aircraft missiles for instance. Japan is also starting
to modernize its weapons. Overall, in the whole Asia, it’s
almost seen as action reaction. But perhaps most
importantly, the U.S. has taken notice, too. The United States remains the
world’s undisputed foremost military power. Its budget is larger than the
next eight biggest spenders combined. The United States defense budget actually
still dwarfs China by a significant margin. Not only is the United States still
the number one defense spender in the world, but most of the other
major spenders are also U.S. allies. Countries such as South Korea,
Japan, Germany, France, Britain and so on. In 2018, U.S. military spending hits 649 billion dollars,
an increase of four point six percent from 2017 and the first time
the budget had increased at all since 2011. China’s rise remains a
major factor behind the increase. China’s expanding its influence into the
Pacific, which has always been this area controlled by the
US since World War 2. So it is this pushing the boundaries
of sphere influence between China and U.S. China’s expanding power has
been on the U.S.’s radar for years. But President Trump’s election ushered
in a particularly hawkish national security staff. This staff has pushed the idea that the
world is entering a new era of so-called great power competition, reviving
justifications for the large scale conventional forces and nuclear arsenals
that fell out of style after the collapse of
the Soviet Union. To help prepare for potential conflict in
this perceived new era of great power competition, the Trump administration
has fast track military modernization and expansion plans, from
recruiting more soldiers to upgrading the Navy’s aircraft carriers,
completing the acquisition of the new F-35 fighter jet platform,
designing next generation bombers and submarines, upgrading nuclear forces, dumping
money into cyber operations and more. This spending shows few signs of
slowing down, with the U.S. charting a defense budget
increase for 2019. And it’s not all about China. There is also a Russian resurgence
under way that few saw coming. The view back in the late 1990s
is that we were always going to most likely be dealing
with a benign Russia. That’s fundamentally changed. From President Vladimir Putin’s snatching
of Crimea to his destabilization of Ukraine, election meddling in the
West, advanced cyber capabilities and cutting edge hypersonic missile technology, Russia
is back in the great power game. It’s been increasing spending since 2011 and
had a very big and expensive modernization program until
about 2016. And then as the program is nearing its
end, we of course see the spending taper out and slightly decrease. That resurgence has prompted considerable
spending increases in former Soviet states fearing
Russian aggression. Increases include Poland, Bulgaria,
Latvia, Lithuania and Romania. So does 2018’s record spending
levels mean conflict is imminent? These numbers do indicate issues
of increased tension, increased rivalries, possible conflicts that might occur. I think the question is
whether spending causes conflicts. So far, no definitive answer, but
there definitely is a relationship there. Global military spending by itself
is not necessarily the problem. Rather, the spending reflects how countries
are seeing their interests and their beliefs that they are in
competition with other great powers and that they have to prepare
for the possibility of conflict.




Comments
  1. when you get close to china, you need to apply the "china" version of international law, which majority of the countries in the world (china + all countries in Africa) agrees on. your version of so called international law only agreed by a few of western nations, which is minority in terms of countries and population. =)

  2. You need to also take Inflation and Increase in global GDP and percentage share of GDP spending per country. This is just misrepresenting statistics to explain your point instead of the other way around

  3. china hates you Russia hates you north korea hates you iran hates you and our IndiA hate you many more hate you the next war will be codename W   H  ITE G   ENOC IDE

  4. America is outmanned outsmarted too many enemies  you are done regardless of your high defense budget of 650BN no point having all that when you lack manpower to use it.w h ites are the true t e rr orists get out of n a t ive  In dia n lands wh it es don't belong there.

  5. This is why I don't see a point living anymore…… Imagine we populating another planet… I bet there would be Planet Wars

  6. And America financed every penny of Chinas military . ????. America financed the Russian revolution.??? Who is in charge??,

  7. Ongoing tensions with the allied powers such as UK/EU vs Russia and USA vs China, North Korea, the Middle East and Russia, India vs Pakistan, inter-Asian defensive positions (China vs Taiwan) … all contribute to increasing global military spending. America is 500+ bases globally as part of it’s global projection of power, which are not cheap to run.

  8. Why Global Military Spending Is On The Rise
    ?
    Because of world dominance. Every one want to be the strongest.

  9. Population control is on the move I guess abortion didn't work did it oh that's right that's a multibillion-dollar company all those medical expenses and I wonder who's paying for that in their taxes oh that's right then they don't have a choice and what do women do to men put him in debt so they can pay more taxes and that is slavery why you think we're walking off the plantation it has more than one meaning they're getting ready to start another civil war or world wars

  10. Agreed all powerful nations are getting ready, but ready for something most are ignorant about.

    Beat your plowshares into swords, and your pruninghooks into spears: let the weak say, I am strong.
    Joel 3:10

    For they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, which go forth unto the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty.

    Let the heathen be wakened, and come up to the valley of Jehoshaphat: for there will I sit to judge all the heathen round about.
    Joel 3:12

    All armies will be destroyed.

  11. The "others' that make up the 25% is where the war will start. And it looks like Al-Qaeda won, they killed Americans as bait, sucked us into Iraq and Afghanistan, we're still there, and we're spending ourselves into the poor house while chasing bandits and fantasies. Joking with a Mexican in Acapulco about the chupacabra, he said, 'yes, some people will believe anything.' Then I realized something, the Mexican Army never went looking for the mythical beast, but the U.S. Military went looking for Weapons of Mass Destruction and we're still there. World leaders seem more and more to be a bunch of demagogic clowns.

  12. That because POTUS today prefer war over diplomacy. The only diplomacy Trump care is what will profit him. He tell to the world that America is the victim of all the country across the globe. The last two war costed tax payers painful recession. Diplomacy still inexpensive way toward peace. Democracy in America is crippled by nationalist and authoritarian. Causes Democracy across the globe is under attack. Soon the US will secure Democracy this bull crap war lover will be over. The UN at this time is useless and US leadership and it Allies need to lead a peaceful diplomacy instead an iron fist. If Diplomacy is being used first to diffused international conflict, spending billions in war machine is no longer needed.

  13. You'd think weapons manufacturers are the richest and most influential group on the planet, a new East India Company, should you only read the comments.

  14. Today, for some unknown reasons youtube recommended me this video.

    I rarely read or watch the CNBC news but looking at this, no wonder American dislike China so much if this kind of news is heard on a daily basis.

  15. "Military men are just dumb, stupid animals to be used as pawns in foreign policy." – Henry A. Kissinger I always knew that United State's soldiers were just idiots. Total pawns and not "heroes" that everyone calls them.

  16. This video is so biased, unreal. So the US has the biggest budget, has conflicts in multiple countries globally, yet china is a problem? GTFO

  17. I like how the music changes when speaking about USA rise in military spending… Thank god our American heroes will save us, the almighty MURICA. China is doing the same thing the US did years ago, but now it is WRONG XD

  18. The war aganst the terror??? Attac Your self Mother F*…..$.
    The biggest legal terrorist gang, is USA. War=trillion$ others death Your= welfare.

  19. Notice how military spending was at an all time low, global economy was booming.
    Lesson : our economy booms as we minimize spending.

  20. Okay great! More wars. Can we just forget about wars and just focus in colonizing Mars? And setting up manufacturing bases on the moon?

  21. Preventing china from getting stronger military is nescessary because of their communism government that may be troublesome for everyone.

    Step one: Cripple them economically
    How ?: US industries shifting their manufacturing to other countries like India or Africa leading to fall of Yuan.

  22. The M.I..C. controls CONGRESS ,
    authorizing spending of taxpayer
    dollars to enrich the 1 %. 🤔🤔🤔Warmongering , Fear mongering B.S…..the U.S. is the biggest arms dealer in the World , exporting death and destruction in the name of democracy.

  23. Yeah yeah yeah, US still has its military budget three times of china, and this channel still keeps saying china china china china china china china.

  24. For World Peace UN should uphold resolution on Kashmir to stop nuclear war, Peace Now the Planet is under attack, world needs Peace not war. War will end this planet.

  25. First the US uses the towers as an excuse to invade the middle east. I call it an excuse because we all know it's about the oil. Then Russia takes over Ukraine. That actually had mass graves. China is know for its brutality as well, as history has shown. At least when it comes to warfare. AND they've already taken over islands and turned them into bases! Even Russia stopped at Ukraine. On top of all that Korea threatened the US with nukes. Trump backed down and stopped barking (barking to begin with was a mistake. Threats of jets implied war) but it's probably a fake mask. If Russia, China and Korea join up against the US then the US will need other allies too. The other half of Korea is the only thing stopping (or at least delaying) the nuke threats. In-between Russia and China we got France and Germany. France might side with the US but Germany will probably stay out of things for the most part. Obviously the UK will side with the US because the UK is the farther (you American's came from England). Japan might send spies our way as well even if their military isn't good. But the good news there is that Japan and China have been know to be at odds with each other (or maybe not so good if China takes over Japan in the future). Got no idea what the other countries will do. Africa itself is known to be mostly lawless land where thugs gun down civilians and China could buy out the bad types in the country. Using the African hatred for white people against us.

    I'm trying to focus on a silver lining here but I got nothing.

  26. US is badly screwed..

    See, China is not a diverse country, so everyone easily agree on one decision that is in their country's interest..

    While US is busy with satisfying minority demands.. so much diverse groups, so different interests , none of in their country's favor..

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