What Is Anarchy?



Anarchie. Das Herz der Punkbewegung der 70er und 80er Jahre. Eine treibende Kraft für Bürgerkriege und gewalttätige Revolutionen. Ein Konzept, das von Aktivisten wie Leo Tolsto, Noam Chomsky, und Mahatma Gandhi viel Wertschätzung erhielt. Also, was ist Anarchie? Anarchie ist, einfach gesagt, ein gesellschaftlicher Zustand, in dem es keine Regierung und keine Autorität gibt. Das ursprüngliche Konzept der Anarchie entstand neben und als Gegensatz zum Konzept der Demokratie und anderen politischen Systemen. Aber erst später, um das 18. und 19. Jahrhundert, wurde die Philosophie des modernen Anarchismus in den westlichen Ländern voll entwickelt. Nach der französischen Revolution gewann Anarchismus Bekanntheit als eine politische Alternative zu Theokratien oder Monarchien und als ein Versuch, die Gleichberechtigung durch die Beseitigung autoritärer Rollen zu erreichen. Jedoch mussten Noam Chomsky und andere Akademiker zugeben, dass das Konzept eher eine unrealistische utopische Theorie gleicht. Viele Arten des modernen Anarchismus sind politische Ideologien, die die Regierung für fast alle Probleme auf der Welt verantwortlich machen. Weil es viele verschiedene Formen der Staatskontrolle gibt, gibt es auch viele unterschiedliche Arten von Anarchie. Ein Bispiel: Anarchafeminismus behauptet, dass die Hierarchien eines Staates zum Patriachat führen, welches wiederrum zur Unterdrückung führt. Der Öko-Anarchismus besagt, dass die Ausbeutung der Umwelt ein Resultat der kapitalistischen Regierungspolitik ist. Und trotz der Gewalt, die gewöhnlich mit der Anarchie in Verbindung gesetzt wird, sagen Anarchopazifisten, dass es der Staat ist, der unnötige politische Gewalt verursacht und aus diese Grunde abgeschafft werden sollte. Tatsächlich ist Gewalt kein intrinsischer Teil des modernen Anarchismus, wie viele glauben. Tolstoy und Gandhi stellten sich speziell gegen alle Formen von Gewalt. Und Chomsky sagte das, zitiere, "Anarchie bedeutet nicht, dass Leute durch die Straßen laufen und Ladenfenster aufbrechen, Anarchie ist die Vorstellung einer sehr organisierten Gesellschaft … mit so wenig Kontrolle wie möglich", Zitat Ende. Während Gewalt bei einigen Gruppen von Anarchisten zur Zerstörung der Regierungssysteme noch umstritten ist, lehnen viele Anarchisten Gewalt ab. In der Theorie würden wohl viele Leute zustimmen, dass der Anarchismus eine gute Idee ist, denn er fördert sowohl Freiheit als auch Egalitarismus. In der Praxis jedoch wäre es schwierig, die Idee umzusetzen. Wie Chomsky erklärt, ist Anarchie mehr eine Antwort, ein Gegensatz auf drückende politische Bewegungen als ein eigenständiges Regierungssystem. Demokratie ist eine andere politische Theorie, die oft schwerer zu verstehen ist, als du vielleicht denkst. Um mehr darüber zu erfahren, wie Demokratie wirklich aussieht, schau dir hier unser Video dazu an. Danke, dass du dir TestTube angesehen hast, vergiss nicht zu abonnieren.




Comments
  1. Anarchy: The only ideology were pedophiles and murderers get to run free without government or laws. Sounds fun.

  2. What are your thoughts on this system?
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    *Dual Value System

    There are many economic and social systems such as Capitalism, Communism, Socialism, Marxism, and Anarchy. A Dual Value System is the same idea, yet with a different spin. No country to date has implemented this system. Yet if the world at large did, it could drastically change life as we know it. Many of the hardships of life would be eliminated. Though, many new unknown problems could arise.

    Some of the current problems, such as economic inequality, ghettos, human trafficking, drug dealing, lack of funding for necessary projects, homelessness, veteran care, elderly care, and many others would be eliminated. Other systems set up to fund or help these problems would be eliminated as well. Some of these include welfare, taxes, insurances, retirements, loans, grants, stimulus, and others.

    The problems listed above come from metals, stones, and paper being valuable verses people. In order to bring economic healing, people must become valuable. This is the heart of the Dual Value System. This system was first hypothesized by Stanley Brewer, a simple worker, husband, and father. He only hopes that someday this system will replace all other social and economic systems.

    *Dual Value System Explained

    The name gives you a hint of what sets this system apart from the other economic and social systems. "Dual" means that the governing system, called a Masses Assistance Sustaining System, automatically gains value along with each person valued. So, it is a good thing to have an increasing population. The value of a person is frozen in history and determined by the average weight of mankind, multiplied by the current weight and price of gold. This is then multiplied times twelve months and a zero is dropped. The end result is each person receiving what is equivalent of $300,000 dollars a year for life. This is the same for everyone. So, people never have the struggle of poverty. The Masses Assisting Sustainment System (basically all of society serving a duty to mankind) will be matched in value but multipled by population. This ends up to be around $90,000,000,000 a year for a population of 500 million (current overestimated population of United States). So,people serving their duty to mankind would be doing all things decided necessary by the good minds of society. This could include fixing homes, building structures, road upkeep, cleaning water sources, planting food, permaculture, cleaning air, medical care, transportation, and whatever else society deems as good and necessary.

    This is not to be compared to a cashless society that still uses unjust economic measures. A cashless society still leaves people, animals, and the earth as less valuable than goods or powers.

    The other systems tend to see population as a burden and implement ways to reduce it, because people are not as valuable as things. Things are most valuable, currently. And, you can see it most as the elderly, children, animals, handicapped, and homeless are neglected.

    *Animals are valued in this system as well. It is encouraged and monitored by law to only kill as necessary. And, certain endangered animals are highly valued. This holds people accountable for their actions toward animals. It encourages knowledge and respect. The value of the animal is deducted from the person's value.

    *Prices are averaged, largest amount currently charged with the lowest, of common goods and frozen forever.
    Prices are set to be simple, just, fair, and expected.

    *Goods sold will be simplified to what is sought by society as a whole and not unnecessary items (usually influenced by capitalism to make a buck). The people in a country, state, city, or tribe will determine what goods are necessary for their community.

    *Rollover would not be necessary for the Dual Value System. So, there is a limit to the value available per year. This would take away mass hoarding of value. Yet there are always those who never have enough. Hopefully someday that will change. The theory is that after several generations and with proper and fair laws, people will find themselves at ease. Spirituality should increase and crimes decrease as mankind works together for a better world.

  3. Anarchosocialism is a sound ideology. Anarchism doesnt neccesarily always call for the total abolition of a state. Today there are alot of countries that do well enough to (I guess) sort of legitimise themselves to the people. Its the anarchists way to test authority legitimacy by finding holes in the way and being very critical about it. I dont think anarchists are that bad, if theyre not too violent.

  4. "When the anarchist, as the mouthpiece of the declining levels of society, insists on 'right,' 'justice,' 'equal rights' with such beautiful indignation, he is just acting under the pressure of his lack of culture, which cannot grasp why he really suffers, what he is poor in– in life."
    — Frederich Nietzsche

  5. Anarchy is the extremism of a righting government because the more right you are you smaller the government control. It would work if humans all had moral values and were able to control themselves without the fear of consequences structured by government laws. Therefore it would not work! Especially in a multicultural society where people have different values and believes.

  6. It looks cool but the problem is it s human nature to follow someone as a leader . even anarchism themselves need a leader.

  7. I mean Gandhi wasn't an anarchist but ok…. He supported production by the masses, don't know how that's an anarchy

  8. I used to think anarchy was all just fancy A's, molotovs and pipe bombs, but I guess there's more to it than that…

  9. This is really wrong in a lot of important ways. Anarchists don't simply oppose the state or government institutions. This is misinformation

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