The five major world religions – John Bellaimey


Translator: Andrea McDonough
Reviewer: Jessica Ruby In all times and places in our history, human beings have wondered, “Where did we come from? What’s our place in the world? What happens to us after we die?” Religions are systems of belief that have developed and evolved over time in response to these and other eternal mysteries, driven by the feeling that some questions can only be answered by faith and based on an intuition that there is something greater than ourselves, a higher power we must answer to, or some source we all spring from and to which we must return. Hinduism means the religions of India. It’s not a single religion but rather a variety of related beliefs and spiritual practices. It dates back five millennia to the time of Krishna, a man of such virtue that he became known as an avatar of Vishnu, an incarnation of the god in human form. He taught that all life follows karma, the law of cause and effect, and our job is to do our duty, or dharma, according to our place in society without worrying how things turn out. When we die, we are reincarnated into a new body. If we followed our dharma and did our proper duty in our past life, we get good karma, which sends our soul upward in the social scale. Our rebirth into the next life is thus determined by what we do in this one. The wheel of rebirths is called samsara. It’s possible for a very holy person to lead a life with enough good karma to escape the wheel. This escape is called moksha. Hinduism teaches that everything is one. The whole universe is one transcendent reality called Brahman, and there’s just one Brahman but many gods within it, and their roles, aspects, and forms differ according to various traditions. Brahma is the creator, Vishnu is the preserver who sometimes takes on human form, and Shiva is the transformer, or Lord of the Dance. Durga is the fiercely protective divine mother. Ganesha has an elephant head and is the wise patron of success. Hinduism is the third largest religion in the world. And although most Hindus live in India, they can be found on every continent, one billion strong. Now, let’s travel west, across deserts and mountains to the fertile crescent about 4,000 years ago. Judaism began with God calling Abraham and Sarah to leave Mesopotamia and migrate to the land of Canaan. In return for their faith in the one true God, a revolutionary concept in the polytheistic world of that time, they would have land and many descendants. From this promise came the land of Israel and the chosen people, but staying in that land and keeping those people together was going to be very difficult. The Israelites were enslaved in Egypt, but God freed them with the help of the prophet Moses, who received the Ten Commandments and later hundreds more. They conquered the Promised Land, but could only keep it for a few hundred years. Israel sits at a crossroads through which many armies marched over the centuries. And in the year 70, the Romans destroyed the temple in their capital, Jerusalem. So, the religion transformed itself from a temple religion with sacrifices and priests to a religion of the book. Because of this, Judaism is a faith of symbolism, reverence, and deep meanings tied to the literature of its history. The many sacred scriptures make up the Hebrew bible, or Tanakh, and hundreds of written discussions and interpretations are contained in an expansive compendium of deeper meanings, called the Talmud. Jews find rich, symbolic meaning in daily life. At the Passover meal, every item on the menu symbolizes an aspect of the escape from slavery. The importance of growing up is emphasized when young people reach the age of bar and bat mitzvah, ceremonies during which they assume responsibility for their actions and celebrate the weaving of their own lives into the faith, history, and texts of the Jewish people. There are 14 million Jews in the world today, 6 million in Israel, which became independent following the horrors of genocide in World War II, and 5 million in the United States. But now let’s go back 2500 years and return to India where Buddhism began with a young prince named Siddhartha. On the night he was conceived, his mother, Queen Maya, is said to have been visited in her sleep by a white elephant who entered her side. Ten months later, Prince Siddartha was born into a life of luxury. Venturing forth from his sheltered existence as a young man, he witnessed the human suffering that had been hidden from him and immediately set out to investigate its sources. Why must people endure suffering? Must we reincarnate through hundreds of lives? At first he thought the problem was attachment to material things, so he gave up his possessions. He became a wandering beggar, which he discovered certainly made him no happier. Then he overheard a music teacher telling a student, “Don’t tighten the string too much, it will break. But don’t let it go too slack, or it will not sound.” In a flash, he realized that looking for answers at the extremes was a mistake. The middle way between luxury and poverty seemed wisest. And while meditating under a bodhi tree, the rest of the answer came to him. All of life abounds with suffering. It’s caused by selfish craving for one’s own fulfillment at the expense of others. Following an eight-step plan can teach us to reduce that craving, and thus reduce the suffering. On that day, Siddhartha became the Buddha, the enlightened one. Not the only one, but the first one. The Buddhist plan is called the Eightfold Path, and though it is not easy to follow, it has pointed the way for millions to enlightenment, which is what Buddhahood means, a state of compassion, insight, peace, and steadfastness. From the time he got up from under that tree to the moment of his death as an old man, the Buddha taught people how to become enlightened: right speech, right goals, a mind focused on what is real, and a heart focused on loving others. Many Buddhists believe in God or gods, but actions are more important than beliefs. There are nearly a billion Buddhists in the world today, mostly in East, Southeast, and South Asia. 2,000 years ago in Judaism’s Promised Land, Christianity was born. Just as Hindus called Krishna “God in Human Form,” Christians say the same thing about Jesus, and Christianity grew out of Judaism just as Buddhism grew out of Hinduism. The angel Gabriel was sent by the God of Abraham to ask a young woman named Mary to become the mother of his son. The son was Jesus, raised as a carpenter by Mary and her husband Joseph, until he turned 30, when he began his public career as the living word of God. Less interested in religiousness than in justice and mercy, Jesus healed the sick in order to draw crowds and then taught them about his heavenly father — affectionate, forgiving, and attentive. Then, he would invite everyone to a common table to illustrate his Kingdom of God, outcasts, sinners, and saints all eating together. He had only three years before his unconventional wisdom got him into trouble. His enemies had him arrested, and he was executed by Rome in the standard means by which rabble-rousers were put to death, crucifixion. But shortly after he was buried, women found his tomb empty and quickly spread word, convinced that he had been raised from the dead. The first Christians described his resurrected appearances, inspiring confidence that his message was true. The message: love one another as I have loved you. Christians celebrate the birth of Jesus in December at Christmas, and his suffering, death, and resurrection during Holy Week in the spring. In the ceremony of baptism, a washing away of sin and welcoming into the Christian community, recall Jesus’s own baptism when he left his life as a carpenter. In the rite of Communion, Christians eat the bread and drink the wine blessed as the body and blood of Jesus, recalling Jesus’s last supper. There are two billion Christians worldwide, representing almost a third of the world’s people. Islam began 1400 years ago with a man of great virtue, meditating in a mountain cave in the Arabian desert. The man was Muhammad. He was visited by a divine messenger, again the angel Gabriel, in Arabic, Jibril, delivering to him the words of Allah, the one God of Abraham. In the next few years, more and more messages came, and he memorized and taught them. The verses he recited were full of wise sayings, beautiful rhymes, and mysterious metaphors. But Muhammad was a merchant, not a poet. Many agreed the verses were indeed the words of God, and these believers became the first Muslims. The word Muslim means one who surrenders, meaning a person who submits to the will of God. A Muslim’s five most important duties are called the Five Pillars: Shahada, Muslims declare publicly, there is no other God but Allah, and Muhammad is his final prophet; Salat, they pray five times a day facing Mecca; Zakat, every Muslim is required to give 2 or 3% of their net worth to the poor; Sawm, they fast during daylight hours for the lunar month of Ramadan to strengthen their willpower and their reliance on God; and Hajj, once in a lifetime, every Muslim who is able must make a pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca, rehearsing for the time when they will stand before God to be judged worthy or unworthy of eternal life with Him. The words of God, revealed to the prophet over 23 years, are collected in the Quran, which literally translates into “the recitation.” Muslims believe it to be the only holy book free of human corruption. It’s also considered by many to be the finest work of literature in the Arabic language. Islam is the world’s second largest religion, practiced by over one and a half billion Muslims around the globe. Religion has been an aspect of culture for as long as it has existed, and there are countless variations of its practice. But common to all religions is an appeal for meaning beyond the empty vanities and lowly realities of existence, beyond sin, suffering, and death, beyond fear, and beyond ourselves.




Comments
  1. [Nasadiya Sukta] spoken 3000 years ago speaks about origins of the universe.(small part)
    नासदासीन्नो सदासीत्तदानीं नासीद्रजो नो व्योमा परो यत् |
    किमावरीवः कुह कस्य शर्मन्नम्भः किमासीद्गहनं गभीरम् ॥ १॥
    Then even nothingness was not, nor existence,
    There was no air then, nor the heavens beyond it.
    What covered it? Where was it? In whose keeping?
    Was there then cosmic water, in depths unfathomed?

    न मृत्युरासीदमृतं न तर्हि न रात्र्या अह्न आसीत्प्रकेतः |
    आनीदवातं स्वधया तदेकं तस्माद्धान्यन्न परः किञ्चनास ॥२॥
    Then there was neither death nor immortality
    nor was there then the shine of night and day.
    The One breathed windlessly and self-sustaining.
    There was that One then, and there was no other.

    तम आसीत्तमसा गूहळमग्रे प्रकेतं सलिलं सर्वाऽइदम् |
    तुच्छ्येनाभ्वपिहितं यदासीत्तपसस्तन्महिनाजायतैकम् ॥३॥
    At first there was only darkness wrapped in darkness.
    All this was only unillumined cosmic field.
    That One which came to be, enclosed in nothing,
    arose at last, born of the power of heat.

    को अद्धा वेद क इह प्र वोचत्कुत आजाता कुत इयं विसृष्टिः |
    अर्वाग्देवा अस्य विसर्जनेनाथा को वेद यत आबभूव ॥६॥
    But, after all, who knows, and who can say
    Whence it all came, and how creation happened?
    the devas (gods) themselves are later than creation,
    so who knows truly whence it has arisen?

    इयं विसृष्टिर्यत आबभूव यदि वा दधे यदि वा न |
    यो अस्याध्यक्षः परमे व्योमन्त्सो अङ्ग वेद यदि वा न वेद ॥७॥
    Whence all creation had its origin,
    the creator, whether she/he fashioned it or whether she/he did not,
    the creator, who surveys it all from highest heaven,
    she/he knows – or maybe even she/he does not know.[11

  2. It’s purely amazing 😉 that religions can COEXIST with other religions. They all share the idea 💡 of We are One, Love each other, and Always pursue and do the Right thing in life.

  3. Meanwhile, Zakir Naik and his followers declare that all babies are born Muslim – it's their parents' fault for taking them out of Islam – implying that it is a duty to bring them back to Islam

  4. When asked why do non Muslim countries allow the propagation of Islam, yet Muslim countries do not allow the propagation of other religions, popular evangelist Zakir Naik's answer was simple:

    Because Islam is the only true religion

  5. You don’t have to be religious to love and be kind to other people.

    Some people need to learn that. Thanks comment section for not being a war zone and recognizing hate isn’t the way. 💟🕉☯️☸️☦️🛐🕎🔯✡️☮️✝️☪️

  6. I'm an atheist, and while this video is wholesome and educational, it glossed over all the negative aspects of these death cults

  7. I dont understand the timing of Israel in this video. The creation of Israel was one of the results of WW2. There was no Israel, nor anything like a Jewish country before. Israel was created by force, taking land away from others and putting a Jewish State in the middle of arab land. What a great idea, the arms Industrie must have thought.

  8. Correction…. Islam starts with Adam…. Muhammad is the final prophet. Betwee Adam and Muhammad pbuh there are about 124 000 prophets among mankind.

  9. The word hindu is given by Muslims,
    Hinduism is not a religion, we are free from any religion. Every person have his own faith and belief

  10. If the people that made this video and the people in the comments ruled the world, I'm sure we would all be happier.

  11. People who only involve with politics , hate the other religion.. Peace no war.. i am Christian and love all the world.. learn to forgive your enemy

  12. 5:45 Not the only one, but the first one. 이라고 하는데 번역은 부처가 된 유일한 사람입니다 라고 의미를 잘 못 해석하고 있습니다. 불교에서는 유일신 사상이 없습니다… 그래서 동영상 본문에서도 'Not the only one, but~'이라고 표현한거죠. '유일하지 않지만 최초로 부처가 된 사람입니다.' 와 같은 문장으로 수정해야 더 정확한 의미로서 전달 될 것입니다. 이거 아무것도 아닌 것 같아도 타 종교와 구분되는 중요한 내용이예요.

  13. I'm looking through the comment section and apparently nobody realized that there are more Sikhs than Jews but it wasnt mentioned in the video? I am not trying to be rude to Jews but maybe you should add Sikhism

  14. Before being a Hindu or Muslim we all are human and have a religion called Humanity by birth….
    May God bless us all 🙏

  15. WRONG Roman Pagan Catholics are not Christians and the Jews killed Jesus Christ, he also died to pay for the whole worlds sins so that we may have eternal life to those that believe in him. https://youtu.be/QIjoCE1QV94

  16. Hi Ted, I beg to disagree with the definition of Christianity.
    I am not against any Religion but on how vague Christianity was defined in this video…

  17. Hinduism is not a Religion. Every lifeform born between the Himalayas and Indu Sagar (now Indian Ocean) is a Hindu (Hi+Indu). It's a way of living life, finding who you are and making a good life for yourselves, the creatures around you and the nature !! ♥️

  18. Birth of Lord Krishnan was much later & Lord Vishnu incarnated as Lord Rama before that. Also incarnation doesn't mark the beginning of Hinduism as it predates everything. In Hinduism we say its way of life and when life started on earth Hinduism started to evolve.

  19. buddha was born in Nepal now his birth place is famous by name of Lumbini. Please search deeply before making videos😏

  20. Do you think we all have different beliefs because of the different language we all speak and words mean different things so when u try to understand in your own language we misinterpret?🧐 let the creators people believe what they want and if they are wrong they will have to deal with the creator when/if that time comes?

  21. Some Facts: Judiasm started with prophet Moses not Ibrahim peace be upon them all.
    Prophet Ibrahim is also the ancestor of prophet Muhammad peace be upon them.
    Israel was created in 1948 after occupying the land of Palestine, with the help of the British mandate of Palestine (not become independent as mentioned in this video) It is strange how people do not tell the truth whenever it comes to Israel!

  22. Only if we could gather all the peaceful people from this comment section who represent different religions…….imagine I mean just imagine😇

  23. From Maha Upanishad Hindu Texts, "Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam"
    which means "the world is one family".
    Peace ❤

  24. Making it peaceful and relaxing,this video is a one of the finest job I must say,no flame war or accusing any of the religion ignite the unity of human races..
    Unity in diversity

  25. I’m a Muslim and I know we were all born equal and we will all live and die no one will survive from the start to the end so enjoy your life as long as your alive. Peace ✌🏻

  26. I am a Muslim and i mind my own business and belief…. I don’t have a problem with anyone and don’t force myself over anyone… that’s what true Islam is

  27. Ted you did the worst Buddha was born in Nepal 🇳🇵 not in 🇮🇳 please correct it or it may cause distress to many countrymen

  28. Its so good to soo how many people respect all religions and don't hate a Religion because of something a group of people have done

  29. Islam will grow more than twice as fast as the overall world population between 2015 and 2060 In the next half century or so, Christianity’s long reign as the world’s largest religion may come to an end.

  30. How one lie to cover up the infidelity became the core of one religion. That's christianityfor you. Jeus fuckng chrst.

  31. When I scrolled down, I was expecting the comment section to be disabled but it's not and it has almost no negativity. If only the real world was like this comment section 😥

  32. Though I am a follower of Lord Shiva, I am a great fan of Lord Krishna and his teachings in Bhagavad Gita: Holy book of Hindus.

  33. Good explanation but you didn't mentioned Nepal as the birthplace of Gautam Buddha and many traditions of Sanatan Dharma(nowadays called hinduism). You only mentioned india(Bhaarat) as the hindu but it's Bhaaratbarsa(Nepal, Present India, Bangladesh, Pakistan,Bhutan, Tibet, Burma, Afganistan, Srilanka, Upto Combodia). Also hinduism didn't started with the birth of Krishna. It would be better if you research more about history of Sanatan Parampara(traditions). Sanskrit is the language used in our holy books( Ved, puran, upanishads, ramayan, mahabhaarat and many more). Vasidaib kutumbakam. Love and respect to all peoples.

  34. But i read that christmas wasn't the time when jesus was born, it is rather a roman feast that they attached the birth of jesus to.
    Because the sheep were in the fields eating which means it should have been in spring or summer, they don't do so in winter or in snowy days

  35. you guys should study geography.. in 2.20 the shown map of India was a huge mistake and a lie !! Bangladesh is not a part of India.. it's an independent country!!

  36. Gautam Buddha was NOT the first one. He was the 24th. Please research before making videos.
    And NO…there are not 1 billion Buddhist.

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