Systems art | Wikipedia audio article



systems art as art influenced by cybernetics and systems theory that reflects on natural systems social systems and social signs of the art world itself systems art emerged as part of the first wave of the conceptual art movement extended in the 1960s and 1970s closely related in overlapping terms are anti form movement cybernetic art generative systems process art systems aesthetic systemic art systemic painting and systems sculptures topic related fields of systems art topic ante for movement by the early 1960s minimalism had emerged as an abstract movement in art with roots in geometric abstraction via Malevich the Bauhaus and Mondrian which rejected the idea of relational and subjective painting the complexity of abstract expressionist surfaces and the emotional zeitgeist and polemics present in the arena of action painting minimalism argued that extreme simplicity could capture all of the sublime representation needed in art the term systematic art was coined by Lawrence Alloway in 1966 as a description of the method artists such as kenneth noland all held and frank stella were using for composing abstract paintings associated with painters such as frank stella minimalism in painting as opposed to other areas is a modernist movement depending on the context minimalism might be construed as a precursor to the postmodern movement seen from the perspective of writers who sometimes classify it as a postmodern movement early minimalism began and succeeded as a modernist movement to yield advanced works but which partially abandoned this project when a few artists changed direction in favor of the anti form movement in the late 1960s the term post minimalism was coined by Robert Pincus Witten to describe minimalist derived art which had content and contextual overtones which minimalism rejected and was applied to the work of Eva Hesse Keith sunnier Richard Serra and new work by former minimalists Robert Smithson Robert Morris Bruce Nauman Sol LeWitt and Barry la VA and others minimalists like Donald Judd Dan Flavin Carl Andre Agnes Martin John McCracken and others continued to produce their late modernist paint and sculpture for the remainder of their careers topic cybernetic art audio feedback and the use of tape loops sound synthesis and computer-generated compositions reflected a cybernetic awareness of information systems and cycles such techniques became widespread in the 1960s in the music industry the visual effects of electronic feedback became a focus of artistic research in the late 1960s when video equipment first reached the consumer market steena and wouldíve asuka for example used all manner and combination of audio and video signals to generate electronic feedback in their respective of corresponding media with related work by Edouard ina de vich when yang sigh and Cybernet ition Gordon pass and the animist kinetics of robert Breer and jean tinguely the 1960s produced a strain of cybernetic art that was very much concerned with the shared circuits within and between the living and the technological a line of cybernetic art theory also emerged during the late 1960s writers like jonathan bent hall and jean young and cybernetic the most substantial contributors here were the british artist and theorist Roya Scott with his essay behaviorist art and the cybernetic vision in the journal cybernetic a' 1966-67 and the american critic and theorist Jack Burnham in beyond the modern sculpture from 1968 Burnham builds cybernetic art into an extensive theory that centers on art's drive to imitate and ultimately reproduce life also in 1968 curator JJ rycart organized the landmark exhibition cybernetic serendipity at the Institute of Contemporary Art in London topic generative systems generative art as art that has been generated composed or constructed in an algorithmic manner through the use of systems defined by computer software algorithms or similar mathematical or mechanical or randomized autonomous processes Sanyal Andy Sheridan established generative systems as a program at the school of the Art Institute of Chicago in 1970 in response to social change brought about in part by the computer robot communications revolution the program which brought artists and scientists together was an effort at turning the artists passive role into an active one by promoting the investigation of contemporary scientific technological systems and their relationship to art and life unlike copier art which was a simple commercial spin off generative systems was actually involved in the development of elegant yet simple systems intended for creative use by the general population generative systems artists attempted to bridge the gap between elite and novice by directing the line of communication between the two thus bringing first generation information to greater numbers of people and bypassing the entrepreneur topic process art process art as an artistic movement as well as a creative sentiment and worldview where the end product of art and craft the objet d'art is not the principal focus the process in process art refers to the process of the formation of art the gathering sorting collating associating and patterning process art is concerned with the actual doing art as a right ritual and performance process art often entails an inherent motivation rationale an intentionality therefore art as viewed as a creative journey or process rather than as a deliverable or end product in the artistic discourse the work of Jackson Pollock is hailed as an antecedent process art in its employment of serendipity has a marked correspondence with dada change and transients are marked themes in the process art movement the Guggenheim Museum states that Robert Morris in 1968 had a groundbreaking exhibition an essay defining the movement and the museum website state says process artists were involved in issues attendant to the body random occurrences improvisation and the liberating qualities of non-traditional materials such as wax felt and latex using these they created eccentric forms in erratic or irregular arrangements produced by actions such as cutting hanging and dropping or organic processes such as growth condensation freezing or decomposition topic systemic art according to Chilvers 2004 earlier in 1966 the British art critic Lawrence Alloway had coined the term systemic art to describe a type of abstract art characterized by the use of very simple standardized forms usually geometric in character either in a single concentrated image or repeated in a system arranged according to a clearly visible principle of organization he considered the Chevron paintings of kenneth noland as examples of systemic art and considered this as a branch of minimal art janji Harry's considered a common ground in the ideas that underlie developments in twentieth-century art such as serial art systems art constructivism and kinetic art these kind of arts often do not stem directly from observations of things visible in the external natural environment but from the observation of depicted shapes and of the relationship between them systems art according to Harry's represents a deliberate attempt by artists to develop a more flexible frame of reference a style in which its frame of reference as taken as a model to be emulated rather than as a cognitive systems that only leads to the institutionalization of the imposed model but to transfer the meaning of a picture to its location within a systemic structure does not remove the need to define the constitutive elements of the system if they are not defined one will not know how to build the system topic systemic painting systemic painting according to opping 1989 was the title of an highly influential exhibition at the Guggenheim Museum in 1966 assembled an introduction written by Lawrence alloway as curator the show contained numerous works that many critics today would consider part of the minimal art in the catalog alloway noted that paintings such as those in this exhibition are not as has been often claimed impersonal the personal has not expunged by using a neat technique anonymity as not a consequence of highly finishing a painting the term systemic painting later on has become the name for artists who employ systems make a number of aesthetic decisions before commencing to paint you topic systems sculpture according to Feldman 1987 serial art serial painting systems sculpture and ABC art were art styles of the 1960s and 1970s in which simple geometric configurations are repeated with little or no variation sequences becomes important as in mathematics and linguistic context these works rely on simple arrangements of basic volumes and voids mechanically produced surfaces and algebraic permutations of form the impact on the viewer however is anything but simple equals equals see also




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