Socialist History: Marx & Engels



socialist history marks and ankles this is the second installment in a history series which aims to detail the history of socialism in the last installment we noted that socialism moved with capitalism and the Industrial Revolution and became more advanced in every country it spread to in this installment we will be looking at capitalism spread to Germany a development made by socialists when were experiencing the most advanced conditions to capitalism seen at that time by this point in time capitalism had become synonymous with industrialism the capitalist class were the industrializing class and the ones who were to bring an industrial economy to Germany as well as the rest of Europe into the world it became a replacement for feudalism it emerged in Britain slowly and gradually replaced the power of the feudal lords after Britain and France really capitalism would begin to shift into a power which was imposed upon the feudal lords and what abolished their power they replaced it with the power of the capitalists rather than a gradual shift socialists which emerge in Germany at the beginning of its capitalist revolution were not incredibly different from the Socialists who emerged in Britain and France they viewed the woes of the industrial revolution and only sought to remove social classes outright however this time in a manner which seems more like the socialism we know today they were not without inspiration and prior thought as noted in the communist manifesto quote the socialist and communist literature of France a literature that originated under the pressure of a bourgeoisie in power and that was the expressions of the struggle against this power was introduced into Germany at a time when the bourgeoisie in that country had just began to contest with feudal absolutism German philosophers would be philosophers and men of letters eerily seized on this literature only forgetting that when these writings were immigrated from France into Germany French social conditions had not immigrated along with them in contact with German social conditions this French literature lost all its immediate practicals defconn's and assumed a purely literary aspect in quote as we can see from this socialism still suffered from a lack of the capacity to be materially applicable within Germany there were a group of socialists calling themselves true socialists or be true socialists a quote from true socialism quote the German ideology in the grip of which these true socialists remain prevents them from examining the real state of affairs their activity in face of the unscientific French and English consists primarily in holding up the superficial tea and the crude empiricism of these foreigners to the scorn of the German public in eulogizing German science and declaring that its mission is to reveal for the first time the truth of communism and socialism the absolute true socialism they immediately set to work discharging the mission as representatives of German science although they are in most cases hardly more familiar with German science than they are with the original writings of the French in English which they know only from the compilations of Stein or liquor etc and what is the truth which they import to socialism and communism since they find the ideas contained in socialist and communist literature quite unintelligible partly by reason of their ignorance even of the literary background partly on account of their above-mentioned misunderstanding of the literature of his literature they attempt to clarify them by invoking the German ideology and notably that of Hegel and fear walk in court although he showed great disdain for the true socialists there would be a man who was deep into hay gaily and philosophy and soon would become interested in what socialism had to say Karl Marx was originally part of a radical group of thinkers known as the young galleons they were a group of intellectuals who centered around the writings of German philosopher Georg Hegel however what was different about them was their criticism towards the metaphysics of a philosophy in 1842 Marx became a journalist writing for a radical newspaper called Rhineland News where he would gain an interest in economics his writings would later cause the publication of Rhineland News to become banned in all of Prussia and Germany from Wikipedia in 1843 Marx became co-editor of a new radical leftist Parisian newspaper German French channels being set up by the German Socialist Arnold Rouge to bring together German and French radicals and thus Marx and his wife moved to Paris in October of 1843 initially living with Rouge and his wife communally at 23 rule venule they found the living conditions difficult so moved out following the birth of their daughter Jenny in 1844 although intended to attract writers from both France and the German states the auto Booker was dominated by the latter and the only non German writer was the exiled Russian anarchist collectivist Mikhail Bakunin Marx contributed two essays to the paper introduction to a contribution on the critique of Hegel's philosophy of write and on the Jewish Question the latter introducing his belief that the proletariat were a revolutionary force marking his embrace of communism after the papers collapsed Marx began writing for the only uncensored German language radical newspaper left for parts beasts in Paris the paper was connected to the League of the just a utopian socialist secret society of workers and artisans Marx attended some of their meetings but did not join in for votes Marx refined his views on socialism based based upon hay gaily and field hockey and ideas of dialectical materialism at the same time criticizing liberals and other socialists operating in Europe from Wikipedia on 28th of August 1844 marks about the German socialist of Frederick angles at the Cafe de la Rose yonks beginning a lifelong friendship angle showed Marx has recently published the conditions of a working class in England in 1844 the advancing marks that the working class would be the agent and instrument of the final revolution in history soon Marx and Engels were collaborating on criticism of the philosophical ideas of Marx's former friend Yano about this work was published in 1845 as the Holy Family although critical of ba Marx was increasingly influenced by the ideas of the young Hegelians Max Turner and Ludwig Phil Bock but eventually Marx and angles abandoned Fay Avakian materialism as well end quote angles contributed a lot to scientific socialism and although we won't be talking about him alone a lot and although he has relegated to the sidelines of history it is important to know that without angles there would be no Marxism from Wikipedia dialectical materialism is a philosophy of science and nature developed in Europe and based on the writings of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in contrast to the Hegelian dialectic which emphasizes the idealist observation that human interest is dependent on the minds perceptions Marxist dialectics emphasizes the importance of real-world conditions in terms of class labor and socioeconomic interactions Marx suppose that these material conditions contained contradictions which seek resolutions in new forms of social organization in court angles explain dialectical materialism as quote a cycle in which every finite mode of existence of matter whether it be the Sun or nebula vapour single animal or genus of animal chemical combination or dissociation is equally transient and wherein nothing is eternal but eternally changing eternally moving matter and the laws according to which it moves and changes in code it is upon the belief and understanding of dialectical materialism as a scientific analysis of history and the world that the old forms of socialism would there and become obsolete now at the beginning for a new development of the proletarian ideology scientific socialism from Wikipedia the economic and philosophical manuscript of 1844 had been written in April of August 1844 but soon Marx recognized that the manuscript had been influenced by some inconsistent ideas of Ludwig Theo Bach accordingly Marx recognized the need to break with Pheo box philosophy in favor of historical materialism thus a year later in April 1845 after moving from Paris to Brussels Marx wrote his 11 theses on Feuerbach these theses on Feuerbach are best known for thesis 11 which states that philosophers have only interpreted the world in various ways the point is to change it this work contains Marxist criticism of materialism for being calm template of idealism for reducing practice to theory over all criticizing philosophy for putting abstract reality above physical reality it thus introduced the first glimpse at Marx's historical materialism an argument that the world is changing not by ideas but by actual physical material activity and practice in dikko historical materialism is a theory of history which asserts that the material conditions of a society's mode of production fundamentally determined society's organization and development by this we mean that it is a theory in which all of history is a product of material conditions it was from this that angles denounced the utopian socialists explaining how they had failed to recognize why it was socialism which arose in the historical context that it did that being as a response to the new contradictions of a new mode of production capitalism so why are Marx and Engels considered so important to socialist and communist thought Karl Marx and Frederick Engels over at their lifetimes would do what was previously impossible they created a theory of socialism which was materially applicable and not only materially applicable but universally applicable Marxism represented a quantitative leap in socialist history it provided a comprehensive worldview and a scientific justification for the coming working-class revolution it gave a detailed analysis of what capitalism was and what's effects were on society Marx's analysis showed that capitalism caused social alienation a greater separation and simplification of classes new economic crises inherent to competition the tendency for profits default which predicted market collapse the commodification of labor leading to the propertyless proletarian class the legalization of bourgeois property from the abolition of feudal property and the necessity for everlasting expansion of growth which is impossible as more and more markets become exhausted something else which separated Marx and angles from utopian socialist is that they did not want to outright eliminate social class immediately and entirely from historical materialism it has analyzed that all states manifest themselves in the rule of one class over others this is called class dictatorship Marx and Anglos did not believe in the abolition of social classes but instead called for a class dictatorship of the proletariat otherwise referred to as the dictatorship of the proletariat the dictatorship of the proletariat was to serve as a transitional phase known as the lower stage of communism which we referred to today as socialism and was responsible for abolishing the bourgeois state in establishing the higher stage of communism otherwise known as full communism which would at that point be stateless and classless from Angles quote the state interference in social relations becomes at one domain after another superfluous and then dies out of itself the government of persons is replaced by administration of things and by the conduct of process of production the state is not abolished it dies out this gives the measure of the value you of the phrase a free state both to its justifiable use at times by agitators and as to its ultimate scientific insufficiency and also of the demands of the so called anarchists for the abolition of the state out of hand praxis is defined by the merriam-webster dictionary as practical application of a theory something which Marx and angles pushed was the idea of practice over theory or practice over theory if part of the theory was not applicable then it must be examined critiqued or thrown out entirely they did not want the world to be bound to their theory but instead wanted their theory to be scientific universally applicable and most importantly flexible with the change of capitalism it is entirely this idea of the dictatorship of the proletariat and practice over theory which would lead to the first communist revolution that the world had ever seen the Paris Commune it would be from the success and failures of the Paris Commune the higher developments of Marxism would later be made and from those higher developments that the capitalist world would live on its knees for seventy years in conclusion Marx and Engels contributions to socialism were of an immense magnitude they represented the beginning of something which would become much larger than themselves it was their work which the foundations of modern socialism are built upon it cannot be overstated how much these two men contributed to socialism they brought the idea from being a metaphysical and idealist notion to one which would liberate and improve the lives of hundreds of millions of people on a scale never before seen and never since witnessed in human history and it will be those men who liberated them which we will be discussing next




Comments
  1. Short answer: fuckin dabs on idealism
    Great intro vid, comrade. I like how u showed the young hegelians and other utopians as thats something people need to get how Marx's approach manifested and not out of nowhere as liberals and bad interpretations of "marxists" do

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