Socialist History: Mao Tse-Tung



socialist history mao zedong this is the fourth and final installment in a history series which aims to detail the history of socialism in the last episode we talked about Vladimir Lenin the man who created the modern Marxist analyses of capitalism and also its practical application in this installment we will be talking about the man who analyzed this practical application and perfected it from Wikipedia Massa Tong was born on December 26th 1893 in sha Shan village Hunan Province China his father Malley Ching was a formerly impoverished peasant who had become one of the wealthiest farmers in Shao Shang growing up in rural human now described his father as a stern disciplinary we beat him and his three siblings the boys Zemin and Zeiten as well as an adopted girl is a gem Mao's mother Winco me was it about Buddhist who tried to temper her husband's strict attitude Mao too became a Buddhist but abandoned this faith in his mid teenage years years later quote Mao moved to Beijing where his mentor yang Kang Zi had taken a job at Peking University yang thought mal exceptionally intelligent and handsome securing him a job as an assistant to the University Librarian lead as yell who would become an early Chinese communist Lee offered a series of new youth articles on the October Revolution in Russia during which the Communist Bolshevik Party under the leadership of Vladimir Lenin had ceased Powell Lenin was an advocate of the socio-political theory of Marxism first developed by the German sociologist Karl Marx and Frederick Engels and these articles added Marxism to the doctrines in the Chinese revolutionary movement becoming more and more radical Mao was initially influenced by Peter Kropotkin zanuck ISM which was the most prominent radical doctrine of the day Chinese anarchists such as chaeyoung P Chancellor of Peking University called for complete social revolution in social relations family structure and women's equality rather than the simple change in the form of government called for by earlier revolutionaries he joined Li's study group and developed rapidly towards Marxism during the winter of 1919 throughout this series we've seen socialism change and develop as a response to the development of capitalism did capitalism change from linens time to mouse no this is why many people don't consider it to be a further development of Marxism however we would be blind to believe that socialism can't develop itself further without the need for capitalism to change remember the second international did not change with the change of capitalism so just as socialism didn't immediately change with the change of capitalism it does not necessarily need new developments of capitalism to develop itself further Mao made numerous analyses and critiques to Soviet socialism one thing that Mao would do was look at key tenants of the doctrine which were vital for its success and emphasized them teach them and perfect their usage one such development made was the use of criticism and self-criticism as a tool instead of it just being something useful on occasion from quotations quote conscientious practice of self criticism is still another hallmark distinguishing our party from all other political parties as we say dust will accumulate if a room is not cleaned regularly our faces will get dirty if they are not washed regularly our comrades minds and our parties work may also collect dust and also need sweeping and washing the proverb running water is never stale and a door hinges never were Medan means that constant motion prevents the inroads of germs and other organisms to check up regularly on our work and in the process develop democratic style of work – fear neither criticism nor self-criticism and to apply such good popular Chinese Maxim's as say oh you know and say it without reserved blame not the speaker but be warned by his words and correct mistakes if you have committed them and guard against them if you have not this is the only effective way to prevent all kinds of political dust and germs from contaminating the minds of our comrades and the body of our party end quote Mao emphasized the necessity for constant repeated criticism and self-criticism criticism of the party criticism of cultural norms and even criticism of Marxism itself it is very apparent that criticism is a necessity that many of our Orthodox Marcus lemonis comrades are lacking leading to a repeated trend of them following certain reactionary cultural political social or economic tendencies example the cpg BM l s hostile stance towards gay people now also perfected our understanding of the masse line from quotations quote in all the practical work of our party all correct leadership is necessarily from the masses to the masses this means take the ideas of the masses scattered and unsystematic ideas and concentrate them through study turn them into concentrated and systematic ideas then go to the masses and propagate and explain these ideas until the masses embrace them as their own hold fast to them and translate them into action and test the correctness of these ideas in such action then once again concentrate ideas from the masses and once again go to the masses so that the ideas are preserved in and carried through and so on over and over again and an endless spiral with the ideas becoming more correct more vital and richer each time such as the Marxist theory of knowledge input in the USSR practice of the math line was somewhat sporadic Stalin used a form of mass line when developing a 1936 Soviet Constitution but mass line was not a regular practice Mao posited that the only way to have correct leadership of the masses was to continuously go to the masses themselves for answers this is letting the people themselves be the leaders and the party merely a guide such as the correct handling of the Vanguard party the Cultural Revolution was also a huge development made by Chairman Mao a common belief among Marxist Leninist is that the base that is the mode of production would just change the superstructure which is culture this meaning that once the socialist revolution was victorious the culture of the nation would mold around it and lose its reactionary tendencies this was only partially correct while the base influences the superstructure it is important to remember that the superstructure influences the base as well what they found was that through the neglect of certain aspects of their society parts of the old bourgeois culture had lingered on which secured the development of domestic reactionaries a petty bourgeois faction and legitimized the interests of the x4z from the Chinese Communist Party quote the representatives of the capitalist class who have infiltrated our party our government our armed forces and various cultural groups are actually a batch of counter-revolutionary revisionists they are Khrushchev types and they are sleeping right next to us all levels of party cadre must be especially aware of this point Interpol it is important to note that there will be more than just one Cultural Revolution a certain aspects of the contradiction between new and old must be settled by deposing certain parts of the old entirely by means of Cultural Revolution Mao also gave us a universally applicable way by which the proletarian revolution may be carried out people's war details the use of an armed struggle and a legal struggle against the bourgeois state it details the way in which we must conduct these struggles these struggles as the name suggests are protracted drawn-out over a long period of time protracted People's War was successful in China and Vietnam protracted People's War is currently being waged in India Nepal the Philippines Peru and Turkey many people even find evidence of how the Bolshevik Revolution was an instance of people's war from quotations quote the richest source of power to wage war lies in the masses of the people and the Revolutionary War is a war of the masses only mobilizing the masses and relying on them can we wage it in Hope I would speak more of what it is specifically and exactly but protracted peoples war is one area of nihilism which I myself am NOT intimately familiar with now also made significant developments to how we understand Marxist dialectics Mao suggested that all movement and life is a result of contradiction he differentiates between two types of contradiction antagonistic and non antagonistic Mao also shows us that all all contradictions are at the same level and that all contradictions fall into the category of primary contradictions or secondary contradictions Mao's writings on contradiction are very dense far too dense to be put in this video I would suggest reading on contradiction for yourself in conclusion mounted linens practical application of Marxism developed it further and perfected it if we are to consider linens analyses of capitalism and furthering of Marxism as a higher stage of Marxism then we must also consider mouthes analyses of dialectics and furthering of Marxism Leninism as an even more highly developed stage of Marxism this is why maoism is itself a distinct ideology it represents the latest and possibly the last qualitative leap in the proletarian ideology




Comments
  1. Its fascinating how Mao had a wide arch of philosophical thought. First he was a buddhist, then anarchist, then Marxist. And funny enough, that was my philosophical arch as well. I love how Mao was very skillful in using chinese folktales and maxims to explain the complex, material circumstances and actions that must be analyzed. He (or a close comrade, i dont remember) described himself as containing the "aspect" of the tiger and the monkey. As a martial arts fan, but hate the reactionary elements of such a discipline, it resonates a lot with me the way Mao writes.

    Excellent video as always comrade

    One comradely disagreement tho, in the conclusion u mention "possibly the last" stage of development in Marxism, and idk about that. Its impossible to say thats the most probable thing to say, let alone know for certain (not that u said for certain). Capitalism is definitely seeing its finality. Whether than means socialism or death is to be decided.
    But in this last stage, in our moment of gathering forces and scrambling to catch up to the power of our bourgeois states, adaptations, i.e Marxism-Leninism-Maoism "(Fill in name)" Thought, or even a new -ism, might arise.
    Each -ism simply represents capitalism becoming more advanced, the world has definitely advanced since Maos time.

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