Socialism Kills: Tito’s Reign of Terror

– Everyone knows the brutal
story of Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany and all the
people that were slaughtered. Sort of everybody knows that Joseph Stalin did the same thing as he
imposed his brutal reign in the Soviet Union. What people don’t hear about so much is Tito’s reign of terror here, in Serbia. People were executed without
a trial, without a hearing, suspected of being Nazi sympathizers, but he also killed the
artists and the poets and the actors. Initial political executions devolved into concentration camps. We’re gonna tell that story, a story you have never heard before. (dramatic music) Professor, thanks for joining us. Tell us first, a little bit
about your research project. – As a scholar at the Institute of Contemporary History, the topic that I’m invested in is repression of the communist
regime in post-war period. At the time of the Cold
War, spanning from the 40’s to the end of the 20th century. This topic was, until recently,
was quite novel in Serbia. Here we face major problems
in making this topic a public one, for it to be
presented in mainstream media. Titoism was two-sided. Part of the society
remembers the good old days from the 60’s to 80’s when
they lived a good life for their standards. But not many people are willing to concede that Serbia and Yugoslavia,
compared to Eastern Europe, had the most executions per capita. This country had the
most political prisoners. (gentle menacing music) That in fact, it was the
most oppressive country with lowest standards of human rights. Violence was scripted. It was not an outcome of
anarchy or lawlessness. At first, communist
agents would make lists based on which people
would be apprehended, shortly questioned and
then taken during the night and shot in groups of 50 to 100. This lasted for months, without trials. Afterwards, lists of
those shot were printed. On one side, they wanted to intimidate. And then on the other, they
would put names of professors, lawyers, teachers, and
other anti-communists, along with those who behaved
suspiciously during the war, possibly perpetrators of crimes. This way they were killed the second time, as I said they threw out the
clean along with the dirty. We’re speaking of more than 60,000 people and as the commission uncovered, more than 200 locations in Serbia. At this moment as we speak,
in close proximity to us, are bodies of those slain without trial. Not one place was properly marked and current political
structures are resisting it. The commission that I was a part of, that uncovered all this was terminated. This is not the only thing in which Serbia is in exception of the communist
world and Eastern Europe. (melancholic music) Yugoslavia had the only
camp for re-education of political convicts. This camp was based in
Goli Otok, a barren island and it’s uniqueness was
that political convicts were under torture,
re-educating each other. More than 16 and half thousand
people experienced that camp. – So not only political
executions after the war, but actual concentration camps. What is this building? – This is a building of
State Security Service, called Oznar, Udbar,
Edeber, something like this. And in this place is, jail of Oznar. Now is a student residence. – Is this one of the prisons
you were speaking of? – Yes. (low-key dramatic music) Here take a look, on this and other lists in books, I will also show
you the database later, there are names of artists,
scientists, actors. Yes, you heard well, actors in Serbia and nowhere else in Eastern Europe, 15 actors were executed. As far as I know, there is
no country in Eastern Europe that shot actors or the
President of the Red Cross. Pretezet, president of the
Red Cross, was executed. He’s listed under number 56. – Here’s something I didn’t expect. Tito immediately goes after
the poets and the artists and the actors. Why would he do that? Because culture and the
individuality of artists would be very contrary to
the goals of a top-down, one size fits all socialist state. It’s pernicious, but you see
that pattern again and again not just here, but in the Soviet Union and other totalitarian regimes. They have to control. So in our country, there
is a protest rising called ANTIFA, the
anti-fascists, and they are, when you dig a little bit deeper, they’re explicitly communist
and I think the roots come from not only Serbia and
Yugoslavia but all of Eastern Europe and the Soviet experiment. Isn’t communism just
another flavor of fascism, so what are they fighting about? – Well in Serbia after
the second world war, communism was acquiring
power based on the idea of anti-fascism. An anti-fascist women’s
front, this and that anti-fascist front, pioneers, pensioners, everything was anti-fascist. And all that was not communist, not in accordance with this
ideology was marked as fascist. They’re very much alike, if you analyze all totalitarian regimes. Not just on the Left
but also on the Right. The way they treat people,
citizens, their liberty, it makes them very much alike. All systems require
that people participate in the making of a new
society, of a new human. People are pressured on
the one side by ideology, propaganda, cult of
personality and on the other by repression, violence,
monitoring, validation, and so on. These systems never leave you at peace. Such was Hitler’s system,
National Socialist. Such was Mussolini’s system,
Stalin’s, Mao Zedong’s, Ho Chi Minh’s, and all other systems of Left and Right totalitarianism. Think of any definition you like, they all strive towards one thing. Eliminating individual
freedom, freedom of choice. (upbeat music) In Serbia things have not changed as much as I would have liked. Yet thanks to the effort
of many, my associates, friends, and other freelance scholars, who face many obstacles, I think that things have
changed at least a little bit when it comes to facing
communist crimes and repression, compared to 10 or 20 years ago. At that time, you could
not read a single article about this in Serbian
newspapers or mainstream media and things that we are now discussing, were estimations without facts. Today the problem is that
this is not mainstream, not a topic, not present in the media. People have an ambivalent
relationship towards the issue. It is not well publicized
and to our regret, public opinion has yet
to change sufficiently. You will hear from many
from the other side, that I’m man who praises war criminals, fabricates history and so on. Serbia is, in a way,
still a divided country. There are probably many who
will give praise for my work which means that we are
still in kind of a balance. This truth is not an easy one to accept, it does not appeal to many
ideologically obsessed people but I hope that in the
future, younger generations, that are not so burdened by ideology, will be able to present
even ideas from the Left in a better way. For I believe that
today the Left in Serbia is much more hard-lined
than in other countries. For example, in Croatia
and other countries Social Democrats are willing to reject the heritage of Stalin. It is much easier in countries
such as Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Hungary,
as it was alien to them. Here Tito had actual influence,
he was truly popular. Communism was native,
it was not brought in by Russian tanks and enforced. Many here now will readily
say “This was not Stalinism, “our Socialism was much better,
much closer to Lenin’s ideas “and we lived a good life then, “although freedom was infringed upon.” Facing the dual side is
much more difficult here. Authoritarian political
culture is in a way appropriate for their society,
as more change is needed. The society is still not
accepting liberal values in full. And I doubt that they
will ever be a majority. But having it in a greater
amount would develop a healthy environment. A fresh Left that will
free itself from Bolshevism and Titoism as it’s spawn, as there is no essential
difference between them. I hope for more decency in the country. This is something for the long run. At this moment I’m doing what I can with my associates and
friends at the institute. We organize debates and
lectures, produce movies, we have a website, an association that promotes values of
democracy, liberalism, decent memory of the victims,
establishment of monuments, opening up of state
archives, and similar ideas. For democratization of
Serbia, I think that without an appropriate relation to these, not historical but issues of the present, there will be no spiritual
transition to a democracy. We cannot praise Tito or deny
Stalinist post-war crimes while constructing a democratic society. For the same people will
continue cultivating the cult of power. They will be waiting for the
next Tito, looking for him, and now they found him. He is present and afterwards
they will find another one until things change. In the communist Yugoslavia
and other communist systems such as Russia or in Poland,
not to mention Asian ones, the guilt lies not only
with the individual but also with their family. You’re usually subject to torture, being denied social rights,
children not being allowed to enter just any university, and so on. Constantly watched, they
must check-in with the police and in a way they’re
second class citizens. For all these people executed, detained, convicted or not, those who
suffered sophisticated pressure as families, there is
not a single monument, not in Belgrade or anywhere in Serbia. That is all you need to
know about how this country broke off with the communist authoritarian and totalitarian heritage. – So now we know, Tito’s
experiment in socialism here in former Yugoslavia was
every bit as tyrannical and brutal and anti-human as
anything that Adolf Hitler or Josef Stalin would of tried to do. It’s not a bug, it’s
a feature, executions, concentration camps,
death, socialism kills.

  1. I have a saying, "Freedom isn't free, but it's a whole lot cheaper than the police state we're paying for now." We rarely hear numbers for the actual cost of maintaining power and ideological purity in a socialist system, as either a total or percent of GDP, but it is a crippling expense for any nation that goes down that road.

  2. Our culture's "instant gratification" obsession has reduced our memory capacity to that of a goldfish. Considering the mountain of research demonstrating the highly addictive nature of social media and the causal link to increased suicide rates as well as the dearth of public scrutiny across all major media, these social conditions can only be a purposefully executed plan of social engineering. A people of mass addicts with severely limited memory and poor health are a wet-dream for power-hungry psychopaths.

  3. Charisma should not be a celebrated quality of politicians. The worst politicians in history were incredibly charismatic.

  4. Socialism ≠ communism, stop trying to sell that idea. Totalitarianism kills. On all sides, left and right. Look at Brazil right now.

  5. Exactly what Russia did to Poland. Killing artist, politicians, generals and opposition after the war. We say that during the war we were at the edge of the cliff, after the war we felt. Russia didn't leave Poland until 1989.

  6. So you know upon one man interpretation based on his own oppinion… as good as you are inv. journalist! Try to see Farenhaeit documentary how it is maid so maybe you can learn somthing. But i personaly doubt. You conclude for what you are come to. How many you cuntry invade foregin countrys and how many civilian us army kill every day to take oil filds and control trade of the weapons… As you can see through Wkiliks you will know what your goverment do in present time.

  7. If there is a totalitarianism on the Left and as well on the Right, the govt is the problem. A govt that gives you free stuff must take if from someone else bc govt doesn't produce anything. If you believe there needs to be "some(form of) govt," then you risk ushering in totalitarianism.

  8. On May 4th, 1980 Joseph Broz Tito died. To this day, there is a celebrity cult of this "benevolent dictator" in former Yugoslavia. Many view him as a fearless and beloved leader whose death opened doors to worst atrocities since the World War II. Many still have his picture hanging in their living rooms as a reminder of utopian society that we now seek with nostalgia. We did too! Did we do it out of love or fear of persecution? Punishments for those opposing his regime were severe. Many were executed, imprisoned or exiled! So who was Joseph Broz Tito!? Honestly, we do not know! Much of his persona' was mired in half truths and propaganda. What is known is impressive. He was definitely smart and capable. He managed with "those people" to create state that one could be proud but at what price?

    "I am told that Tito murdered more than 400 000 of the opposition in Yugoslavia before he got himself firmly established there as a dictator"

    — President of the United States Harry S. Truman

    To Joseph Stalin: Stop sending people to kill me! We've already captured five of them, one of them with a bomb and another with a rifle… If you don't stop sending killers, I'll send a very fast working one to Moscow and I certainly won't have to send another.

  9. Tito was brought in Serbia with Stalin's tanks: more than 400,000 Red Army soldiers entered Serbia at the end of 1944 to install Tito in Belgrade. I suggest you Watch this documentary about crimes of communists in Yugoslavia:

  10. And back in the day, Tito was hailed as a hero of the non-aligned movement, independent of Moscow. Not a real socialist state like the USSR. This puts the lie to all that propaganda.

  11. Watch more #SocialismKills videos from Free the People:

  12. Wow! Such a terrible way to tell lies. Can you ever explain a life of a 8 year old child who was raped in iraq by a american soldier?

  13. Thank you for making this video! My parents came from ex-yugoslavia and finding information like this is so hard

    I'm a libertarian and convincing my parents about freedom has been difficult, videos like this explain why. If you grew up like this its no wonder why freedom seems like such a ridiculous idea

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *