Social Classes of Ancient Greece by Instructomania

instructor mania presents the social classes of ancient Greece this video will detail in what ways the people of Greece were divided into social classes in what ways social classes of ancient Greece reflected the attitudes beliefs and needs of Greek society and lastly why Greek society developed democracy and how Greece changed under its influence the termed social classes through a historians lens means how a civilization is divided into classes that have different roles responsibilities and privileges for example most ancient civilizations are ruled by kings and governed locally by nobles a working class of farmers and laborers made up most of the population and in some cases the lowest class were slaves how are the people of ancient Greece divided into social classes and how did the social structure affect the attitudes beliefs and needs of Greek society a man's wealth determined his social status in Greece wealth could either be from farming providing resources for Greece or from status in the army defeating enemies Greek armies had a ranking based on jobs and established the workers social status as well the wealthiest army men were military leaders followed by those who could afford a horse and be part of the Calvary Greek armies were mostly made up of hoplites or foot soldiers and the lowest ranks were archers and stone throwers upper-class Greeks were all known as freeman or Greek males that were born in Greece historians approximate that in Athens about 36 to 48 percent of people were slaves often captives of war while 19 percent were male citizens and 33 percent were family members of male citizens women were considered lower-class and most of their decisions were made by their fathers or husbands the exception to this lie in Sparta where women had a few more rights such as owning property and training as warriors children and teens were also considered lower middle class until they reached the age of 20 why did Greece move toward democracy and how did it change Greece's society the word democracy comes from two greek words demos meaning people and kratos meaning power so democracy means power of the people greek farmers grew upset when war slaves were brought back to greece in order to perform labor jobs making it difficult for farmers to earn a living city-state Kings didn't respond to the farmers complaints creating a crisis hoping to remedy the situation in 416 BC pericles began to lead athens toward democracy he pushed for equality for the rich and poor in government decisions Athens moved toward democratic rule beginning about 600 BCE male citizens elected government leaders rather than following a king traditionally born into leadership Athens became a polis or a city-state that included several villages and small cities who band together for protection and trade later an organised written law system was established by Draco in the hopes of ending the Kings reign and stopping blood feuds between villages draconian laws were chiseled on two stone tablets Draco was the first legislator in Greece and his laws were very harsh by today's standards Draco is quoted saying he who kills another Athenian without a purpose or by accident should be banished from Athens forever so much for accidents happen all male citizens over 20 years old had a sane government and could vote but women children teens and slaves could not test your knowledge in this game you'll try to predict the social classes to which the character belongs based on their actions first quickly familiarize yourself with the class members and their roles this is Adrienne based on his actions to which ancient Greece social class does he most likely belong is he part of the upper class upper middle class lower middle class or slave class that's right he's a Greek soldier which means he's most likely a member of the upper class this is Jocasta and her teenage son like us based on their genders and ages to which ancient Greek social class did they most likely belong are they part of the upper class upper middle class lower middle class or slave class that's right Jocasta is a female and Lycus is a young male which means they're both considered lower middle class in ancient Greece as you can see from the game each social class in ancient Greece performed different roles in order to fit the needs of the civilization consider this in what ways are different roles needed in order for your family to function from two teachers to all of you amazing teachers out there we would like to thank you for choosing our resources to use in your classroom find more instructor mania teaching materials and lessons at our instructor mania store and on our youtube channel thanks so much for your support

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