Social Class Differences in the Uses of Leisure



recreational activities are great aren't they but sometimes they can be too costly you're watching press Plus this edition will be about leisure yet again but this time we are focusing on how social class differences affect the use of leisure well going back to my own childhood I was lucky enough to have my dad's best friend who's a prominent musician and conductor in London to teach me the piano I'm a composer too by the way but you see many kids around the world may not have the opportunity to learn a musical instrument or attend tennis classes why it's because of the social class barrier does the class position of an individual affect his choice of leisure activities yes although by class position where I'm from it's for various socio-economic position how much money you earn what job you do of course in Iran it does because many people cannot afford to go to many leisure activities and or uncle's are really expensive but yeah it does like poor people might not be able to afford about richer people they could actually afford it so it does affect how the social class and stuff so yeah without a doubt social class differences affect the use of leisure to discuss the topic further we'll be joined by our prominent guest our good reporters are on the streets interviewing the public and our narrator will give us some surprising did you know thanks let's kick off with today's plus we often associate people based upon their socio-economic status the socio-economic status is a means of classifying people into categories based on their income education occupation and wealth people of different classes may attach different meanings to their leisure experiences traditionally lower classes are underrepresented in recreation activity participation on the other hand those in higher classes usually have more education and money and look for more refined and prestigious leisure having said that here's something we may not know did you know according to Thorstein Bandar bebel in a norwegian american economist and socialist leisure has a strong relationship with social status until the 20th century leisure was only for the higher class which meant that not everyone could enjoy their free time equally what's more at that time the wealthiest members of the leisure class used extravagant wasteful spending on leisure to display their wealth in ways that those from the middle class as a fort of course this could vary from country to country right in Canada not that much because there's not a lot of difference between social classes and the reason for this is because governments put taxes on people's in individuals income so when okay I just I immediately assumed that with sporty activities but in terms of cinema it's also about the expense things are very expensive expensive these days cinema I think as I said the tickets probably averaged 11 pounds and if you're a family of four and you have over kids 11 pounds is a very steep experience to do every week on a weekly basis yes I think that local councils are under a lot of pressure they do do it a deep a fairly decent job in London of providing a basic level to everyone but there is still gonna be differences different scenarios there but as far as the norm is concerned when the middle-class was able to devise a cheaper alternative leisure activity to that of the rich the wealthy groups then moved to other more exclusive activities in order to maintain their social and political distance so how does the system work exactly a lot of times it has a great impact partially because we think it does and we don't have a lot of times kids are exposed to a whole range of social activities far earlier in life it could be piano it could be fencing it could be things that their peers don't know about because their parents didn't grow up having opportunity in social class plays into our everyday existence because many times we segregate ourselves in communities by income or in the United States by zip code and therefore different areas different places have different funding for leisure activities however the poor the unemployed the underemployed and those facing homelessness often have the least opportunities for measure as these groups and individuals do not control will have access to similar resources as those in the middle or upper classes by the official definition in the United States in 2013 a family of four must make less than about $24,000 a year to qualify as poor and thereby gain greater access to social services which is a remarkably low standard of living so how does the leisure gap affect these underprivileged people the gap is huge and it's growing since the early 70s the average wage for an individual has not risen we see now that most states across the country the minimum wage won't even allow for a 2-bedroom apartment much less have any time for leisure there for people who have leisure activities are hanging out with people that are like-minded and therefore they're getting upper handed jobs and opportunities while others are scraping by the bottom take something as simple as reading yes books are free at the library but not every child especially can get there or adults because they may not have the time take public schools the public schools in certain zip codes have every book in the world every new release on their shelves we've been in libraries in hardcore inner-city schools where you might find one book on any given shelf and that book may not even be in the least foot something that is relatable to the students something that's been donated it may not really make an impact in ancient Greece leisure in the upper-class were supported by the poor slaves and women in some ways this hasn't changed in modern society the leisure of the middle and upper classes is still often supported by the poor and working-class take tourism for example the economically stable classes travel to destinations and enjoy activities where the workers are on a minimum wage in today's economy the minimum wage is below the poverty line in addition when an area is tourism dependent there is a tendency to drive up the cost of living that affects housing and food this makes it difficult for the workers live in these communities that provide measure for the middle and upper classes what's more the right to equal services has in turn been eroded in recent times as neoliberal government cutbacks and tighter spending have led to program reductions and movements tour at the privatization of public recreation services consequently providing recreation services for the lower classes remains a primarily unmet challenge for public agencies in response to this situation nonprofit agencies reached out to offer recreation and leisure programming at little or no cost to people from the lower classes but what shape or form will this take in the years to come well changes nonprofits out there that are working to help lower-income people need to get the jump on that and begin to make more available for kids who may not have the exposure to music to the arts and the fact is if we don't change the inequality that we have an income we're going to continue to see a division between the 1% and the 99% and you are going to see a massive problem of two classes existing together and eventually that can become a very dangerous situation and that's all we have for you guys remember to engage us about today's topic or anything else via our website PressTV comm or you can send your emails to press plus at press tv.com be sure to follow us on Twitter Facebook or YouTube I'm Sampson C's sees you next time [Applause]




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