Reading The Communist Manifesto (Part 1)



alright guys welcome to another video I'm not totally sure if I'm gonna make this one a part of the my learning Marxism playlist I might I might not it really depends I'm thinking I might but I think what this is going to be here is a four-part series going over the Communist Manifesto I think and I'm just gonna essentially do the same thing that I've done with previous versions of learning Marxism right so I'm just gonna read it aloud talk to you about it and talk myself through it essentially and hopefully it all makes sense so I think it's four parts right one two three four so I'm thinking that this will be a four part series it should be that would make sense right so let's get onto it I Spectre is haunting Europe and that would be the spectre of communism all the powers in all Europe have entered into a holy alliance to exercise the specter Pope and saw and it can weasel oh god I'm terrible French radicals and police joanne police spies where is the party in opposition that has not been decried as communist ik by its opponents and power hmm is that familiar today today where is the opposition that is not how about the branding reproach of communism against the more advanced opposition buyers as well as there as well as against his reactionary adversaries two things are solved from this fact communism is already acknowledged by oral European powers to be itself a power okay that's why they're decrying him right that's why they're all out there saying they're communists they're communists they're comedies because the ruling power the ruling elites have established that communism is a real power is a real threat because they're out there point in the fingers that's communist that's communist so I term the combinational openiy in the face of the whole world publish their views aims tendencies a meatless nursery tale of the specter of communism with a manifesto of the party itself so in this language we have assembled it in a lot of different languages available here so let's get into it shall we variable the history of all hitherto existing society is necessary of class struggles it's very true freemen and slaves patrician plebeian Lord and serf Guildmaster and journeyman in a word oppressor and oppressed stood in constant opposition to one another carried on an uninterrupted now hidden that now open fights a fight that is a fight that each time ended either in a revolutionary reconstitution of society at large or in the common ruin of the contending classes in the earlier epochs of history we find almost everywhere a complicated arrangement of society into various orders a manifold gradation of social rank in ancient Rome we had patricians Knights plebeians and slaves in the Middle Ages you had feudal lords vassals guild masters journeymen and apprentices serfs in almost all of these classes again subordinate gradations very true the modern bourgeois society that has sprouted from the ruins of feudal society has not done away with class antagonisms absolutely not it has but established new classes new conditions of oppression new forms of struggle in place of the old our epoch the epoch of the bourgeoisie possesses however this distinct feature it has simplified class antagonisms society as a whole is more and more splitting up into two great hostile camps into two great classes directly facing each other bourgeoisie and proletariat from the surface of the Middle Ages sprang the chartered burghers of the earliest towns from these Burgesses the first elements of the bourgeoisie were developed the discovery of America the rounding of the Cape opened up fresh ground for the rising bourgeoisie the East Indian and Chinese markets the colonisation of Africa trade with the colonies the increase of the means of exchange and in commodities generally gave to commerce to navigation to industry and impulse never before known and thereby to the revolutionary element in the total totally tottering feudal society a rapid development the feudal system of industry in which industry production was monopolized by closed Dilts now no longer sufficed for the growing wants of new markets the manufacturing system took its place the guild masters were pushed on one side by the manufacturer and middle-class division of labor between the different corporate guilds vanished in the face of division of labor in each single workshop so Marx also talks about this and about the alienation of Labor right so this is essentially voice he's saying it's all broken down into in now into each single workshop instead of you know corporate guilds means meantime the markets kept ever growing the demand kept rising even manufacturer even manufacturer no longer sufficed thereupon steam and machinery revolutionised industrial production the place of manufacture was taken by the giant modern industry the place of the industrial middle-class by industrial millionaires the leaders of the whole industrial armies and they became the modern bourgeois modern industry has established the world market for which the discovery of America paved the way the market has given an immense development commerce to navigation to communication by land this development has in turn reacted reacted on the extension of industry and in proportion to industry commerce navigation railways extended in the same proportion the bourgeois developed increased his capital and pushed into the background every class handed down from the Middle Ages that we see therefore how the modern bourgeoisie is itself the product of a long course of development of a series of revolutions in the modes of production in exchange absolutely this is crucial to Marxism or sort of understanding Marxism as a process right you cannot that the material position the material conditions have to be present for anything to actually happen okay so the modern bourgeois didn't just arrive out of nothing right poof into existence out of thin air right what we had was a series of revolutions in the modes of production and in the modes of exchange that allowed us to arrive at a position where the modern bourgeois was born out of okay each step in the development of the bourgeoisie was a compliment accompanied by a corresponding political advance of that class and a pressed class under the sway of the feudal nobility and armed and self-governing Association in the medical community in dependent urban Republic's as in Italy and Germany were taxable third estate their taxable third estate of the monarchy as in France afterward in the period of manufacturing proper serving either the semi-feudal or the absolute monarchy as a counterpoise against Hertha the nobility and in fact cornerstone of the great monarchies of general the bourgeoisie had at last has at last since the modern since the establishment of modern industry and of the whole of the world market conquered for itself in the modern representative state exclusive political sway the executive of the modern state is but a committee for managing the common affairs of the whole bourgeoisie wow that's so true the executive of the modern state is but a committee for managing the affairs of the whole bourgeoisie yeah that's exactly right so you can even think about that in terms of the executive branch of the u.s. government right the executive branch of the u.s. government ism of the modern state which is the largest today that would be the largest super national power in the world right that's America so the executive branch of America is just a committee for managing the common affairs of the whole bourgeoisie that's exactly right the bourgeoisie historically has paid a most revolutionary past the bush was he wherever it got the upper hand put an end to all feudal patriarchal idyllic relations it has pitilessly torn asunder the motley feudal ties that bound man to its to his natural superiors right don't forget that all of these systems justify themselves under some form of it's just natural it's just human nature all right and as left remaining no other nexus between man and man and naked self-interest nothing more than callous cash payment it has drowned the most heavenly ecstasy's of religious fervor of chivalrous enthusiasm of Philistine sentimentalism in the icy cold waters of egotistical calculation that's count that's capitalism it has resolved personal worth into exchange value and in place of the numberless in the inter phases into feasible and I have the reading comprehension of a ten-year-old and in place of the numberless indefeasible chartered freedoms has set up that single unconscionable freedom free trade in one word for exploitation veiled by religious and political allusions has substituted naked shameless direct brutal exploitation so what I want to focus on here is it said where it has pooped it has resolved personal worth into exchange value so this is incredibly important because you see this a lot in sort of social media and even YouTube right so obviously everyone knows that subs channels with more subs get more more power more money more social capital right and people mistake that for personal worth so this personal worth has been converted into exchange value right and this this necessarily might not be what obviously it wasn't what Marx was talking about because social media and everything didn't exist when this was written but you can see it in things like tinder right you're essentially marketing yourself as a good as a commodity I mean think about it you're the product and tinder is your advertising your marketing outlet right you're literally marketing yourself to other potential sexual partners right that's literary what is your personal worth has now been resolved to the exchange value on a an app right that's what it is the bourgeoisie has stripped of its halo every occupation or hitherto honoured and looked up to with reverent or it has converted the physician the lawyer the priest poet the man of science into nothing but page what paid wage laborers the bourgeoisie has torn away from the family it's sentimental veil and reduced the family relation to a mere money relation the bourgeoisie has disclosed how it came to pass the brutal display a vigor in the Middle Ages which reactionaries so much admire found it's fitting compliment in the most slothful indolence indolence indolence it has there has been the first to show what man's activity can bring about it has accomplished wonders far surpassing Egyptian pyramids Roman aqueducts and Gothic cathedrals it has conducted expeditions that put into in the shade all former exodus of nations and Crusades so everyone knows that Marx is against capitalism but they also think that he only ever spoke negatively of it let me just crack the window it actually isn't so as you can see here Marx acknowledges that capitalism is highly efficient right it has brought about wonders far surpassing the Egyptian pyramids etc right he doesn't speak of capitalism in a strictly negative sense the bush was he cannot exist without constantly revolutionising the instruments of production and thereby all relations of production open window too much poor relations of society conservation of the old modes of production in unaltered form was on the contrary the first condition of existence of all earlier industrial classes constant revolutionising of production uninterrupted disturbance of all social conditions everlasting uncertainty and agitation distinguished the bourgeois epoch from earlier ones all fixed fast frozen relations with their train of ancient and thin venner venerable prejudices and opinions are swept away all new-formed ones become antiquated before they cannot safai all the inside melts into air all that is holy is profound the man is alas compelled to face with sober senses his real conditions of life and his relations with his kind the need of a constantly expanding market for the for its products chases the bourgeoisie over the entire surface of the globe it must Nestle everywhere settle everywhere and establish connections everywhere the bourgeoisie has through its exploitation of the world market given a cosmopolitan character to production and consumption in every country so the great chagrin of reactionists it has drawn from under the feet of Industry the national ground on which it stood all old established national industries have been destroyed or are daily being destroyed they are dislodged by new industries whose introduction becomes a life-and-death question for all civilized nations by industries that no longer work up in digital material but raw material drawn from the remotest zones industries whose products are consumed not only at home but in every quarter of the globe in place of old once satisfied by the production of the contrary we find new ones requiring for their satisfaction the products of distant lands and climes in place of the old local and national security we have intercourse in every direction Universal interdependence of Nations and as in material so also in intellectual production the intellectual creations of individual nations become common property national one-sidedness and narrow-mindedness become more and more impossible and from the numerous national and local literature's there arises a world literature so this is important because when you listen to the right-wing today they talk a lot about globalism right the globalism all the borders are coming down and what they're actually getting are here even though they don't know it what their criticism is like Marx says here is capitalism capitalism does that you know there are no countries anymore there are just corporations okay capital can move across borders freely capitalism doesn't abide by borders capital doesn't wait out get when you know traveling between countries or even between zones you know the European Union to another yeah from you know America or Canada it doesn't happen right there is a universal interdependence of Nations and that's what capitalism is and it's ironic that the right wing cries about this globalization while elevating capitalism to capitalism this is our sacred cow don't touch it except this globalism that they decry is literally capitalism it requires it it demands it it can function no other way they are ushering in the thing that they think is so much a poison the bourgeoisie by the rapid development of all instruments of production by the immensely facilitated means of communication draws all even the most barbarian nations into civilization the cheap prices of commodities are the heavy artillery with which it batters down all Chinese walls with which the forces of barbarians are intensely obstinate hatred of foreigners to capitulate it compels all nations on payment extension to adopt the bourgeois mode of production it compels them to introduce what it calls civilization into their midst ie to become bourgeois themselves in one word it creates a world after its image so this is also known as cultural imperialism so I remember I can't even remember where I got this point from it was someone I was talking to someone about it and we were talking about the Vietnam War right and how US military imperialism couldn't conquer Vietnam but you know what did conquer Vietnam jeans and McDonald's okay and that's it that's what they're talking about here it draws all through their you know means of production draws all even the most barbarian into civilization because of the cheap prices of commodities these are the heavy artillery which it batters down all wars forces them to capitulate and that's exactly what happened in Vietnam right they tried it with the military they couldn't you know the US military imperialism couldn't do it you thought you could it couldn't win that way but how did it win you send you know Levi's jeans and McDonald's you know you revolutionize the means of production and then drop the cost of all these products and you win that way culturally through a hegemonic cultural force and that's how it works the bourgeoisie has subjected the country to the rule of the towns it has created enormous cities has generated has greatly increased the urban population as compared with the rural and has this yeah Adorno talked a lot about that as well go and read the PDF what's it called the enlightenment of the dialectic of enlightenment by Adorno it's fantastic it's created has greatly increased the urban population as compared with the rural and thus rescued a considerable part of the population from the idiocy of rural life just as it has made the country dependent on the towns it's made barbarian and semi barbarian dependent on the civilized ones nations of peasants on nations of bushwa the East on the west the bourgeoisie keeps more and more doing away with these scattered states of the populace of the means of production and of property it has agglomerate adopt elation centralize the means of production and has concentrated property in the hands of a few the necessary consequences of this was political centralization independent or but loosely connected provinces with separate interests laws governments and systems of Taxation become lumped together into one nation with one government one law of one code of laws one national class interest one frontier and one customs tariff that's literally the EU by the way just think about that right one government that's the EU essentially one central government right the European the EU government itself right one code of laws that govern all 27 countries one national class interest no matter what country or in one frontier and one customs tariff that's exactly what that is the bush was EU during its rule of scarce 100 years has created oh that one so the bush was he had only been around a hundred years during the time this was written and this was what Hatem sorry guys 1847 so 1747 roughly that's what 300 years just under 300 years roughly but we've seen a bridge war as it is today hmm the bourgeoisie during its rule of scarce 100 years has created more massive and more colossal productive forces than have all preceding nations together again he's that's almost a complement to capitalism there he was not just negative to water subjection of nature's forces to man machinery application of chemistry to industry and agriculture Steam Navigation railways electric Telegraph's clearing of whole continents for cultivation canalisation of rivers whole populations conjured out of the ground what earlier century had even a presentiments presentiment that such productive forces slumbered in the lack of social labour we see then that the means of production and of exchange on Hughes foundation the bourgeois built itself up were generated in feudal society again capitalism being born out of feudalism a certain stage in the development of these means of production and of exchange the conditions were under under which feudal society developed and exchanged sorry produced and exchanged the feudal organization of agriculture and manufacturing industry and one word in one word the feudal relations of property became no longer compatible with the already developed productive forces they became so many fetters they had to be burst asunder and they were burst asunder into their place stepped free competition accompanied by a social and political Constitution adapted in it and the economic and political sway of the bourgeois class a similar movement is going on before our own eyes modern bourgeois society with its relations of production and exchange and of property a society that has conjured up such gigantic means of production and of exchange is like the sorcerer who is no longer able to control the powers of the nether world whom he has called up by his spells so this reminds me of another quote capitalism produces its gravediggers ok because capitalism requires a proletariat the proletariat which Marxism says will ultimately rise up to overthrow capitalism right capitalism produces its own gravediggers for many as decade past the century of Industry and Commerce is for many a decade past the history of Industry and Commerce is but the all of the revolt of modern productive forces against modern conditions of production against the property relations that are the conditions for the existence of the bourgeois and of bourgeois rule it is enough to mention the commercial crisis that by their periodical return put the existence of the entire bushwa society on its trial each time more threatening Li in these crises a great part not only of the existing products but also if the previously created productive forces are periodically destroyed in these crises that breaks out an epidemic that in all earlier epochs would have seemed an absurdity the epidemic of overproduction okay so overproduction huge in capitalism it's very important here I think we're going to touch on ahead society suddenly finds itself put back into a state of momentary barbarism it appears as if a famine a universal war of devastation has cut off the supply of every means of substance Industry and Commerce seem to be destroyed but why because there is too much civilization too much means of substance too much industry too much Commerce the productive forces at the disposal of society no wrong attempt to further the development of the conditions of bourgeois property on the contrary they have become too powerful for these conditions by which they are fettered and so soon as they overcome these fetters they bring disorder into the whole of Bruges hua society they endanger the existence of bourgeois property the conditions of Bridgeville society are too narrow to compromise the wealth created by them and how does the bourgeoisie get over these crises on the one hand by enforced destruction of a mass of productive forces on the other by the conquest of new markets and by the more thorough exploitation of old markets that is to say by paving the way for more extensive and more destructive crises and by diminishing the means whereby crises are prevented so imperialism is a byproduct of this okay once you've tapped out your own domestic resources and markets what's the only other option now well as it says here by the conquest of new markets or the more thorough exploitation of old markets so you have to go abroad so you take your army right the parent that the military arm of the bourgeois state and you don't so our countries you take them over right be that through colonialism and you start extracting wealth from those nations right exploitation of those people of that that country's resources and we still see this today with the u.s. threat of Venezuela right why do they want that they want the oil there right that's what that's what's going on they want the oil the conquest of a new market they want the oil how are they going to get it by the military right that's a conquest of a new market the weapons by which the bourgeoisie felled feudalism to the ground are now turned against the bourgeois itself but not only has the bourgeois forged the weapons that bring itself death it has also called into existence the men who are to wield to these weapons the modern working-class the proletarians in proportion as the bourgeois ie capital is developed in the same proportion is the proletariat the modern working-class developed a class of labourers who live only so long as they find work and who find work only so long as their labor increases capital these laborers who must sell themselves piecemeal are a commodity like every other article of Commerce and are consequently exposed to all the facilities of competition so all the fluctuations of the market owing to the extensive use of machinery and to the division of labor the work of the proletarians has lost all individual character and consequence and consequently all charm for the workman he becomes an appendage of the machine and is only the most simple most monotonous and most easily required knack that is required of him hence the cost of production of a workman is restricted almost entirely to the means of substance that he requires for maintenance and for the propagation of his race ok so that's what essentially what the minimum wages right the cost of production of a workman right the minimum wage is restricted entirely just to the means of subsistence the bare minimum required to survive and have children so that we can exploit them when they grow up also but the price of a commodity and therefore of labour is equal to its cost of production in proportion therefore as the repulsiveness of this work increases the wage decreases namor in product in proportion as the use of machinery and division of labour increases in the same proportion proportion the burden of toil also increases whether by prolongation of the working hours we see that today by the increase of the work in exact 'add exacted in a given time we see that today or by increased speed of machinery we see that today modern industry has converted the little workshop of the patriarchal master into the great factory of the industrial capitalist masses of labourers crowded into the factory are organized like soldiers as privates of this industrial army they are placed under the command of a perfect hierarchy of soldiers of officers and sergeants not only are they slaves to the bourgeois class and of the bourgeois state but they are daily and hourly enslaved by the machine by the overlooker and above all by the individual bourgeois manufacturer himself the more openly this despotism proclaims gain to be its aim and its end the more petty and the more hateful the more hateful and the more embittering it is the less the skill and exertion of strength implied in manual labor in other words the more modern industry becomes developed the more is the labor of men superseded by that of women differences of age and sex have no longer any distinctive social validity for the working class all our instruments of labour more or less expensive to use according to their age and sex so this is true today but when people talk about this today they talk about it as like a social justice issue right so I think I remember a couple of years ago they were talking about the BBC firing women over a certain age right but the problem there isn't one of social justice right this isn't a social justice issue it's a of capitalism it's an issue of reducing people to nothing more than cogs in a machine they're just batteries and the second that that battery runs out of juice you throw it aside and you hire a brand new battery okay no sooner is the exploitation of the labourer by the manufacturer so far at an end that he receives his wages in cash that he is set upon by the other proportions portions of the bourgeoisie the landlord the shopkeeper the pawnbroker etc the lowest strata of the middle class the small trades people shopkeepers and retired trades people generally the handicraftsmen and peasants all these sink gradually into the proletariat partly because their diminutive capital does not suffice for the scale on which modern industry is carried on and is swamped in the competition with the large capitalists partly because they're specialized skill is rendered worthless by these new modes of production thus the proletariat is recruited from all classes of the population and we see this today Amazon comes in and undercuts modern day bookstores and then sells books on Amazon right so it comes in it undercuts pop the petit bourgeois right it undercuts small trades people and small bookkeepers drives them out of business and then it opens its own books right Amazon books and now you can buy those books that you once got from Jim and Dave down the street you now get from Amazon the monopoly capitalists company and the proletariat is recruited from those classes right because once the petit bourgeois places go out of business they become proletarians and they now have to go to work for those companies like Amazon because Amazon drove them out of business the proletariat goes through various stages of development with its birth begins its struggle with the bourgeoisie at first the contest is carried on by individual laborers then by the work people of a factory then by the operative of one trade in one locality against the individual bourgeois who directly exploits them they direct their attacks not against the bourgeois conditions of production but against the instruments of production themselves they destroy imported wares that compete with their labor they smash to pieces machinery they set factories ablaze and they seek to restore by force the vanished status of the workman of the Middle Ages okay so this is what the Luddites did they were originally a militant movement that went round smashing up the machinery because they realized well hang on a minute these machines are going to take our jobs so to hell with this we're going to smash them we're going to destroy them they were originally a very militant movement at this stage the laborers still Foreman in ink hiren mass scattered over the whole country and broken up by their mutual competition if anywhere they unite to form more compact bodies this is not yet the consequence of their own active union but of the union of the bourgeoisie which class in order to obtain its own political ends is compelled to set the whole proletariat in motion and is moreover yet for a time able to do so at this stage however the proletarians do not fight their enemies but the enemies of their enemies the remnants of an absolute monarchy the landowners the non industrial brute wha the petty bourgeois thus the whole historical movement is concentrated in the hands of the bridge huazi every victory so obtained is a victory for the bourgeoisie but with the development of Industry the proletariat not only increase in number but it becomes concentrated in greater masses its strength grows and it feels that strength more the various interests and conditions of life within the ranks of the proletariat are more and more equalized in proportion as machinery obliterates all distinctions of Labor and nearly everywhere reduces wages to the same low level the growing competition among the bourgeois and the resulting commercial crises make the wages of the workers ever more fluctuating the increasing improvement of machinery ever more rapidly developing makes their livelihoods more and more precarious the collisions between individual workmen and individual bourgeois take more and more the character of collisions between two classes there mm-hmm thereupon the workers begin to form combinations the trade unions against the bourgeois they club together in order to keep the rate of wage they found permanent associations in order to make provision beforehand for these occasional revolts he and there the contest breaks out into riots now and then the riots the workers are victorious but only for a time the real fruit of their battle lies not in the immediate result but in the ever expanding union of the workers this union is helped on by the improved means of communication that are created by the modern industry and the place of workers of different and localities in contact with one another it was just this contact that was needed to centralize the numerous local struggles all have all of the same character into one national struggle between classes but every class struggle is a political struggle and that union to attain which the burgers of the Middle Ages with their miserable highways required centuries the modern proletariat thanks to railways achieve in a few years this organization of the proletarians into a class and consequently into a political party is continually being upset again by the competition between workers themselves but it ever rises up again stronger firmer and mightier it compels legislation legislative recognition of particular interests of the workers by taking advantage of the divisions among the Bush huazi itself thus the 10 hours bill in England was carried altogether collisions between the classes of the old society further in many ways of the course of development of the proletariat the bourgeoisie finds itself in a constant battle at first with the aristocracy later on with other portions of the bourgeoisie itself whose interests have become antagonistic to the progress of industry at all time with the bourgeois of a foreign country in all these battles it sees itself compelled to appeal to the proletariat to ask for help and thus to drag it into the political arena the bourgeoisie itself therefore supplies the prototype with its own elements of political and general education in other words it furnishes the proletariat with weapons for fighting to push lousy further as we have already seen entire sections of the ruling class are by the advance of industry precipitated by the proletariat or are at least threatened in their conditions of existence these also supply the proletariat with fresh elements of enlightenment and progress finally in times when the class struggle nears the decisive hour the progress of disillusion going on within the ruling class in fact within the whole range of all society assumes each such a violent glaring character that a small section of the ruling class cuts itself adrift and joins the revolutionary class the class that holds the future in its hands just as therefore at an earlier period a section of the nobility went over to the bourgeoisie so now a portion of the bourgeoisie goes over to the proletariat and in particular a portion of the bourgeois ideologists who have raised themselves so the level of comprehending theoretically the historical movement as a whole of all the classes that stand face-to-face with the bourgeois today the proletariat alone is a really revolutionary class the other class is decay and finally disappear in the face of modern industry but the proletariat is its special and essential product the lower middle class the small manufacturer shopkeeper artisan and peasant all fight against the bourgeoisie to save from extinction their existence as fractions of the middle class they are therefore not revolutionary but conservative may more they are reactionary for they try to roll back the wheel of history if by chance they are revolutionary they own they are only so in view of their impending transfer into the proletariat they thus defend not their present but their future interests they desert their own standpoint to place themselves at that of the proletariat yeah that's a great point so these shopkeepers and the small partisans aren't actually revolutionary they're conservative they want to maintain the status quo where they're in business right they want to roll back the wheel of history they want to go back in time so in old time and you'll see that a lot in you know sort of make America great again right we want to go back in time we want to roll back the wheel of history the quote-unquote dangerous class which Marx called the lump and proletariat the social scum posh that passive that passively that passively rotting mass thrown off by the lowest layers of the old society may here and there be swept into the movement by a proletarian revolution its conditions of life however prepare it far more for the part of a bribed tool of reactionary intrigue so the proletariat are essentially an underclass of people who aren't aware of class struggle they're essentially sort of the criminal underbelly of the world right so they were traditionally they would have been criminals gangsters prostitutes pimps those kinds of people in the condition of the proletariat those of old society at large are already virtually swamped the proletariat is without property his relation to his wife and children no longer has no longer anything in common with bushwa family relations modern industry labor modern subjection to capital the same in England as in France in America as in Germany ripped him of every trace of national character law morality of religion are to him so many bourgeois prejudices behind look in ambush just as many bushwa interests and this is why which is a really strange thing but again this is why the right-wing hold on to this idea of the nuclear family right marriage sanctity the nuclear family they hold on to traditional ideals of morality cloaked under the veil of religion it's not the left wing that seems to demolish these things it is capitalism itself that demolishes these things there can be no place for morality in a capitalist system money comes above all all the preceding classes that got the upper hand sought to fortify their already a quiet status by subjecting society at large to their conditions of appropriation the proletarians cannot become masters of the productive forces of society except by abolishing their own previous modes of appropriation and thereby also every other previous mode of appropriation they have nothing of their own to secure and to fortify their mission is to destroy all previous securities for and insurances of individual property all previous historical movements were movements of minorities or in the interests of minorities the proletarian movement is the self-conscious independent movement of the immense majority in the interest of the immense majority the proletariat the lowest stratum in our present society cannot stir and cannot rise itself up without the whole superincumbent strata of official society being sprung into the air though not in substance yet in form the struggle of the proletariat with the bourgeoisie is at first a national struggle the proletariat of each country must of course first of all settle matters with its own bourgeoisie in depicting the most general phases of the development of the proletariat we traced the more or less veiled civil war raging within existing society up to the point where the war breaks out into open revolution and where the violent overthrow of the bourgeoisie lays the foundations for the sway of the proletariat if the two every former Society has been based as we have already seen on the antagonism of oppressing and oppressed classes but in order to oppress a class certain conditions must be assured to it which it can at least continue its slavish existence the serf in the period of serfdom raised himself to membership in the commune just as the petty bourgeois underneath the yoke of feudal absolutism managed to develop into a bourgeois the modern labourer on the contrary instead of rising with the process of Industry sinks deeper and deeper below the conditions of existence of his own class he becomes a pauper and pauperism develops more rapidly than property and population and wealth and here it becomes evident that the bourgeoisie is unfit any longer to be the ruling class in society and to impose its conditions of existence upon society as an overriding law it is unfit to rule because it is incompetent to assure its existence to its slave within his slavery because it cannot help letting him sink into such estates that it has to feed him instead of being fed by him society can no longer live under this bourgeoisie in other words its existence is no longer compatible with society he exists the essential conditions for this existence and for the sway of the bourgeois class is the formation and augmentation of capital the condition for capital is wage lay wage-labour rests exclusively on competition between laborers the advance of industry whose involuntary promoter is labert huazi replaces the isolation of the laborers due to competition by the revolutionary combination due to association the development of modern industry therefore cuts from under its feet the very foundation on which the bourgeoisie produces and appropriates products what the bourgeoisie therefore produces above all are its own gravediggers its fall and the victory of the proletariat are equally inevitable yeah so there you've got there you have it guys there it is this is essentially the first chapter of the communist manifesto covering bridge war and proletarians what what the bourgeois are what it means what the proletarians are what it means how the proletariat are essentially the only revolutionary class and that at the hands of these monopoly capitalists the monopolies British while all other classes will ultimately be forced into the proletariat class ok because they they come they come in they undercut them they force them out of business and then they force them to become proletarians and it gives you a good indication there of the class antagonisms between the bourgeois and the proletariat and how the history of class how history is a history of class struggle through all nations as it went through from Lord and serf serfdom right from feudalism all the way up to the current day and how the proletariat are the revolutionary class and how the boudoir essentially solar seeds of their own destruction right they the boudoir produce its own gravediggers okay so that's going to do it for chapter one of the communist manifesto guys make sure to LIKE subscribe and definitely leave a comment I'll get back to every comment everyone leaves and thank you very much guys I will see you in the next video where we go over chapter 2 peace




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