Out of Control: The New Biology of Machines, Social Systems, and the Economic World | Wikipedia  ...



Out of Control: The New Biology of Machines,
Social Systems, and the Economic World (ISBN 978-0201483406) is a 1994 book by Kevin Kelly. (The book was also published as Out of control:
the rise of neo-biological civilization.) Major themes in Out of Control are cybernetics,
emergence, self-organization, complex systems, negentropy and chaos theory and it can be
seen as a work of techno-utopianism. ==
Summary == The central theme of the book is that several
fields of contemporary science and philosophy point in the same direction: intelligence
is not organized in a centralized structure but much more like a bee-hive of small simple
components. Kelly applies this view to bureaucratic organizations,
intelligent computers as well as to the human brain. == Reception ==
Out of Control has been translated into five languages, including Spanish, German, Italian,
Japanese and Chinese. Additionally, the United Kingdom editions
have been adapted into British English.The book was not widely reviewed when first released
in 1994, but got visibly reviewed and extensively cited during the next several years. Reviews often discussed Kelly’s hive-mind
analogy as a metaphor for the New Economy.Reviewers have called this book a "mind-expanding exploration"
(Publishers Weekly) and "the best of an important new genre" (Forbes ASAP).Critics of the book
have contended that its position leaves us without a critical approach to politics and
social power




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