NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 3: From Gathering to Growing Food | English | CBSE



come again we would be taking the next class for inciarte classics history that is chapter 3 now this talks about moving from the stage of gathering to growing food now the last class when we talked about our main focus was based on hunting activities and food gathering however as we said by 12,000 year around 12,000 years ago what happened there was a kind of climate change and this climate change made the environment much warmer as a result there were more of grasslands that came up so since there were more of grasslands that came up there was requirement for a kind of settled lifestyle and to promote that what happened was there was the practice of farming that evolved so when we say there was practice of farming that evolved what was the requirement first was the requirement to identify the edible parts so you have let's say 10 crops but you would have to identify what part of the crop is edible so that was the first task they did identifying the edible parts of the crop then they try to explain or understand how the seeds break plants grow from the seeds so if only and if only you saw see you would have a plant that would come up so that was something they tried to understood again they try to understand all the thought that there was requirement of water for the plants to be cultivated so they try to start a settlement near or in the vicinity of water sources so that was again primary consideration then the right time for the Lightning of the plants or the ripening of the fruits and vegetables so if they are overnight they are destroyed if they are under I've they could not be cooled so they were looking for an optimum riping ripening of the crops mainly the and vegetables and finally to see that their farmlands or the agriculture is safe they try to tame the animals and they tame the animals in lieu of the fact that they considered this to be safe from the wild animals so these tamed animals could protect their grasslands or protect their farms from the attack of wild animals so they started to practice taming the animals once they started taming the animals they realized we could use these tamed animals for certain purposes so they understood that the milk could be used the heights or the skin could be used for the animals they could be used to fear away or to repel away another insects or another small animals in the region so that was the basic idea that they started taming the animals now to tame the animals they had to leave the food for them so that was again a requirement and where did this food came from this food came again from the farming practices that they had again they were also interested in selecting the plant species which are not prone to so much diseases so not prone to diseases so selecting of the species which are disease resistant was again an important consideration during that time and also they try to preserve the seeds so that they could be used in another season so they it was a fitted trial with where they try to crop a beet plant in the summer stays in winters and then in autumn and saw in which season finally you have a wheat crop that could come up so you had the preservation of the seeds that is started so slowly and gradually that they realized that seeds could not be grown in the plants could not be grown in all the seasons so there are specific seasons for specific crops and therefore to reach up to that season you have to preserve the seeds in one way or the other so they started preserving the seeds for the crops now what were the earliest crops they did the earliest rocks were wheat and barley and the earliest animals they tamed were sheep and goat so these were the two animals under two crops those were most popular however the first animal that was tamed was the dog so these are the basic idea behind the practice of farming and a kind of settled life that is started up in posture Neolithic period now to help all this there was an important element that was storage because when I am saying preserving the seeds collecting the food grains all of these requires storage so storage was an important element at that time how did they store so they either stored in the clay pots or the earthen pots that what we see they also created baskets made of the woods and the bars so you have the baskets that were there or alternatively what they did is they dig holes in the ground so you had the ground and they did they who dug holes in the ground and they kept the greeneries in the holes that they had created in the ground now here are some of the sites where you have some of the evidences that are formed so you have a list let's say Buddhism in which is in present-day Kersh Li you had remains of beet lentil dog cattle sheep goat and Buffalo that were seen in children that is in present-day Bihar you have green gram barley Buffalo and ox that were seen so you have a kind of list which corresponds to the various regions in India during the Paleolithic period and later during the Mesolithic times where you have the evidences of what kind of a domestication of plants and animals took place now with all this you had a kind of settled life as I said and this seed in tree life led to farming and herding so you had animal herds that were created you had farming practices that it is charted now a good example is versa harm in Kashmir which is in the present-day cache me what they used to do is they used to create pit houses now these pit houses are the houses which are dug into the ground so when you are digging the house into the ground what you are doing you are protecting yourself from the cold waves that are coming so these ground homes help them to protect from the cold waves that are coming and they also created the steps that could lead to the house so there was creation of steps that we'll see now what was the difference during the Neolithic period as seen from the Paleolithic as we saw the Stone Age is divided into three the Paleolithic Mesolithic and Neolithic with a Neolithic we say technically the farming started however there are no strong evidences which suggest exactly what period we have the farming that started or the taming of animals had started most probably we say it was during the Neolithic period because during that time you have fine cutting of the edges of the tools were seen because of this fine cutting of the edges the tools that they made were used for motors and pistols and these helped to grind the green so you have cutting of the grains creating breaking down of the grains that was done during the Neolithic Age because the tools that they used were very sharp and fine and finally as we said they used pots for storage so they used to store the seeds they used to store the cooked food they used to store the grains for the year-round supply and again weaving and cloth weaving started during this time now what were the customs most of the people lived in groups these groups were known as tribes tribes were headed by the leaders and they had a kind of rich cultural traditions during this period now the rows were demarcated between the men women and children so women were mainly in charge of the agricultural work preparing the ground sowing the seeds husking grinding the grains etcetera children used to water the plants run away then drive away the animals move away the animals from the farms however men used to hurt the animals in search of pasture so they used to take away the animals and take them from postering children also used to help men with taking small flocks along along with them however there were certain activities in which both men and women were involved for example cleaning of animals milking making the pots baskets and hurts or the tools for hunting so all these were the activity aha tools for mainly grinding during the Neolithic time it was hunting predominantly during the Paleolithic time so these were the main customs that were prevalent during this time now there are two key studies that are given for classics first is the may Harbor now this way her girl lies near the Bolan pants in Iran it was the first time in this area that people learn to grow barley beet via sheeps and goats the bones of da fake sheep goat and katana also seen in this region most of the houses were square or rectangular in shape and there were four or more compartments that were seen in these regions also there was practice of storage that was seen the people of my heart believed in life after death so you had numerous burial sites that are being found in my haircut and these furrier sites you had a dead body accompanied with a kind of body of an animal so most of the animal and most of the human beings were buried along with animals the next cells doji headling now thinking this is a village near the Brahmaputra region so it relies on the root of China and Myanmar stone tools were used mainly in the form of Madras and pestle to grind the grains and to crush them down they also used to grow grains and prepare food jadeite and jadeite is one of an important stone that was found from this region and this was brought to the dear Charlie region by China and you had to made of fossil fuel fossil woods and pottery that are seen in this region so these are some of the classic examples of the Neolithic site we will be moving on to the next chapter for industry classics in the upcoming lecture have a good day




Comments
  1. mam u r just amazing. u don't how much u r helping to the people like us . means the lazy ones,😀😉😋 hate to open books and go to caoching classes.😤🙏

  2. Super explained mam ,mam you create more different different topics and explain about the topics …

  3. small suggestion Mam pls upload ur official material in each video so that we can download .ur xplaination is up to the mark very impresive … TQ

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