Most balanced Documentary about Communism on Youtube, the truth in 30 minutes

his chief characteristic was singleness of purpose his idea of happiness was to fight his idea of misery was submission his favorite occupation was book worming and his favorite poets were Shakespeare Aeschylus and Goethe his favorite heroes were the rebel slave leader Spartacus and the astronomer Kepler his favorite names were Laura and Jenny and his favorite dish was fish his favorite motto was you must have doubts about everything and his favorite color was red Karl Marx died a hundred years ago yet his Specter continues to haunt our world though his body is safely buried in Highgate Cemetery his ideas refused to lie down and die quietly beside him those ideas have shaped our world more profoundly than Darwin Freud or Einstein they've inspired men and women to fight and die for them to overthrow old nations and construct new ones and yet in Britain where he spent the most productive years of his life people know relatively little about him apart from that grim imposing monument in Highgate Cemetery with it's gigantic beard which has come to be a sort of symbol for what people think of as Marx or Marxism 14 years I've been coming here now and my main objective is do it definitely is grave as tidy and is clean as possible no matter what wherever it's rain sunshine of snow there's always someone visiting the grave of Marx and they come from all parts of the world I feel it's a rather beautiful monument myself it's like the philosophy of Marx I think so strong many many English people visit here like other people but they know very little about him but after leaving this cemetery they have had their first lesson in Marxism after reading they slow goodnight the Philosopher's have only interpreted the world in various ways the point however is to change it that's just as important today as it was when it was written Marx was a German Jew studied philosophy and law married a minor aristocrat was forced by his political activities to move from Germany to France to Belgium finally to settle in Britain where a Prussian police spy described his life Marx lives in one of the worst therefore one of the cheapest quarters of London in the whole apartment there is not one clean and solid piece of furniture in private life he is an extremely disorderly cynical human being and a bad host he leads a real gypsy existence washing grooming and changing his linen are things he does rarely and he's often drunk though he's often idle for days on end he would work day and night with tireless endurance when he has a great deal of work to do much of Marx's work was done in the British Museum using this vast library to research and write a complex far-reaching interconnected series of books pamphlets articles and manifestos they're aimed not so much at a moral protest of the evils of capitalism as at a cool dispassionate analysis of how capitalism actually works how it came about and how it can be changed for this reason his key theoretical work is called not as you might expect socialism but capital hidden within its sometimes forbidding prose is the promise of revolution it was a starting point for a chain of ideas that have inspired a world movement workers of all lands unite you have nothing to lose but your chains Marx wrote in the Communist Manifesto these are the industrial working class to whom Marx addressed himself his writing was aimed at their emancipation it was rooted in the material reality of their lives Marx began by examining human labor the exercise of labour power labor is the workers own life activity and this life activity he sells to another person in order to secure the necessary means of subsistence he works in order to live for Marx the capitalist hired the workers labor power in order to extract a surplus from it and there was a built-in conflict between the workers and the capitalists who exploited them a class struggle nothing new he wrote because one fact is common to all past ages the exploitation of one class by another the key thing about any society was who provided labour power who owned the means of production and how this relationship was organized in capitalism for instance the workers don't own the factories the means of production so they must sell their labor as a commodity to those who do who extract a surplus from their labor in the same way in feudal society the serfs were tied to the land and obliged a hand over a part of what they produced to the lord of the manor and in slave society the slaves themselves were physically owned by their masters who also owned what they produced with their labor for Marx the difference between capitalism and previous systems was it's phenomenal productiveness and dynamism Marx believed that the pumping out of surplus from the workers labor power gave capitalism its revolutionary force allowing it to reinvest the surplus and expand harnessing the new technologies of the Industrial Age shattering older ways of organizing society drawing men women and children from off the land into the new forms of fat reproduction [Applause] capitalism adapted workers to the disciplines of factory labor fixing them in their place in Marx's words it transformed the living worker into a mere living accessory of the machine in so doing capitalism had produced a new kind of human being the industrial worker the proletariat for marx workers were alienated or separated from both the products of their labor and from the surplus expropriated by the capitalists their working lives were fragmented by the division of labor they were split off from other workers through competition they had lost a sense of being at home in the world they themselves had created instead their lives were overshadowed by the alien force of capital feeding off their living labor Marx wrote capital is dead labor that vampire-like lives only by sucking living labor and lives the more the more labor it sucks and yet he believed capitalism was to be its own gravedigger behind the dynamism and productiveness of capitalism marks or the appalling conditions it offered to working men and women living cramped in overcrowded tenements with open sewers crippled by hunger illness and debt and by the constant fear of unemployment slumps and crises of capitalism Marx believed that the experience of capitalism would begin to unify the proletariat as a class he wrote with the development of industry the proletariat not only increases in number it becomes concentrated in greater masses its strength grows and it feels that strength more Marx believed that the workers would increasingly abandon at compromise and reform they would challenge the capitalist system through trade unions and political parties these industrial and political struggles would produce a class-conscious labor movement that would finally overthrow capitalism Marx rooted his analysis in the realities of 19th century industry partly learned from his friend angles a mill owner in Manchester then the hub of world production Marx made no claim that his analysis would be good for all time so what relevance does it have a hundred years later what stands on the site of angles is original factory what kind of capitalism remains well for a start not much because recession as struck hair as elsewhere capitalism seems to have disappeared though not quite in the way Marx imagined but in one corner of the factory it's a different story thriving young business manufactures high-tech microchip control systems for the leisure industry its managing director is 22 years old I don't know really how Marx would see is no I supposed by the definition of couplers and yes I'm a capitalist I'd like to think that are not the same sort of couplers that used to be here in the time of Marx I think capitalism still exists obvious it's got to have people going to work produce things make a profit and create jobs however I think the overall face which has changed an awful lot nowadays is much more cooperation between masala hundred people working here the products that were manufacturing the most of at the moment is being superlight it goes into a Snooper Club and monitors the actual table usage we've installed them in snooker clubs all over the country it's an irony that Marx might have cherished the down in London where Mike Newton's electronic control systems monitor the snooker tables one young unemployed player sees the system through very different eyes when you first come on employed your staff you think yourself airline it's like two or three weeks until I find a position I should do up you know then wait ma'am you know and it just really is so destroyed I get 22 pound a week yeah I like to see Megan fettling for 23 pound a week I really would you just get deeper and deeper in debt there's no way in the world that you can live on 20 sink down a week you know no you can't eat property rights a day even then only very cheap foods when you get bills come in you have to founder the people I bought about the sea the people you know so like Captain end you know all the time so it was hundred years ago we're going backwards you know instead of forward we're going backwards same opening you know the rich man in Newcastle and poor men its gates the system catfish the system doesn't give us anything really you know it's all we are interested in is making as much money as possible you know and like fact the rights of the workers that then granny west advise they're concerned if a boss is journalist after to offer you a job that's it as far as he's concerned then he's God you know and you must look up to him and everything you possibly can to keep it you know casinos full well that if you don't slow the line he's just slinging you and get somebody else you know you always conscious of that fact a century after Marx's death the image of workers as the raw material for the industrial sausage machine may seem to many people a bit far-fetched Marx would have been the first to see that in the journey from the 19th century to the present day capitalism has changed profoundly some of Edan claimed that class divisions and therefore class struggle have ceased to exist of course today's working class looks a great deal different from the 19th century sepia prints as it hurries to the office or the factory of modern capitalism it's no longer the top hat and the cloth cap that describes capitalism nor even its modern equivalent the bowler hat and the hard hat today's proletariat works in a range of industries that didn't exist a century ago it includes more women workers more black workers more workers in the office and service sectors more public employees fewer in manufacturing the modern working class is divided in all these different ways and yet it still sells its labor for wages and this labor still produces profits at least that's the intention and people still experience even with 3 million unemployed for feeling that work is not the center of their creative lives but it's just a job really you know you do your job but I wouldn't say it was interest you don't choose it as a career it's just something that you you take out obviously I need the money so does play an important part in it really you need money anywhere then you go to work you've got to come to work and earn some money to do what you want to do at home and enjoy yourself haven't you many people will recognise the sense of release at the end of the Working Day Marx had written the worker only feels at home outside his work and in his word he feels a stranger he's at home when he's not working and when he works he is not at home Marx also pointed to the way work has become split off from the products of their labor which stare back at them from the shelves of shops stores and supermarkets as if they were alien objects he wrote there is a definite social relation between men that assumes in their eyes the fantastic form of a relation between things this I called the fetishism which attaches itself to the products of labour so soon as they are produced as commodities Mart's anticipated the consumer society in the language of consumption objects take on a kind of magical significance of their own we are the products of a new consciousness industry buying not just goods but identities money becomes the universal language of human relations fundamentally the capitalism that Marx wrote about a century ago remains intact capital still commands the forces of production it harnesses and hires labour power it secures the raw materials for production it develops and implements new technologies it reaches out to ever-expanding world markets maximizing profits knocking out competitors centralizing on a world scale the capitalism we face today links London New York Tokyo into a concentrated integrated world system Tumbo [Applause] today we live in a world of international banks where finance capital coordinates the running of the International economy the banks are interlinked with international corporations that imply an international workforce they operate through international trade and transportation they communicate through international data systems Marx wrote the bourgeoisie has subjected the country to the rule of the towns from the corporate headquarters in the great cities they direct the modern world they invest internationally splitting up work between factories in different countries linking the world through what Marx called a new and international division of labor drawing in a new third world workforce at lower wages to yield higher profits the most exploited sector of modern industrial capitalism this third-world workforce freshed the discipline of the factory operates 20th century technology in return for wages and conditions which hark back to the 19th century the working condition yer is very bad because we were 16 hours a day they are forcing us to get overtime of the day we have 6 to 6 sometimes 6 to 8 yes we decide because they give us a compulsory overtime sometimes there are collapse but nobody can go out because the door is locked but luck and the window is closed nobody can go home to their place for third world workers life under capitalism seems similar to the conditions described by Marx's collaborator angles when he wrote a horde of ragged women and children swarm about here as filthy as the swine that thrive upon the garbage heaps and in the puddles it's the usual catalogue of poverty hunger disease poor sanitation high infant mortality a century after Marx's death capitalism has certainly changed and yet not changed it's still a system which Marx would recognise and in which we recognize him but Marx also thought of capitalism as its own gravedigger how did that idea stand the test of time for Marx capitalism bore within it the seeds of revolution he expected this to begin in Europe where capitalism was most advanced and to become a world process as it progressed the Near East he came to this in his own lifetime was with the uprising of the French workers against the state in 1871 and the formation of what has come to be known as the Paris Commune the commune began when French workers took the opportunity of a war between France and Germany to undertake the first proletarian revolution Marx who was commonly seen as an enemy of democracy admired the commune because it tried to set up a decentralized federal system of direct democracy whereas anglers put it all officials high or low were paid only the wages received by other workers and they were subject to election and recall at short notice the common odds had toppled the existing state machinery which they saw as organizing society to serve the interests of capitalism in place of the dictatorship of the bourgeoisie they installed what Marx and others called the dictatorship of the proletariat for the common odds this dictatorship meant genuine popular power they attempted to defend the common ownership and control of the productive forces to build a society where in Marx's words the free development of each is the condition for the free development of all it was an experiment that couldn't be allowed to succeed you about this short-lived experiment we're twenty thousand common odds were killed during the half-century between the Paris Commune and the end of the First World War Marxist ideas became a powerful force throughout Europe and just as the chaos of the franco-prussian war had helped bring about the Paris Commune so the colossal slaughter and incompetence of the First World War helped to produce the right conditions for the overthrow of the Czar Nicholas the second the Bolshevik seized power in the first successful revolution claiming inspiration from Marx's ideas under conditions of severe Zara's repression the Bolsheviks had forged a tightly disciplined centralized secretive Revolutionary Party which spread Marx's ideas throughout the Russian Workers movement their leader was Lenin and like Marx himself he argued that a Russian Revolution would only survive if it was part of an international revolution he claimed we are now in a besieged fortress waiting for the other detachments of the world socialist revolution to come to our relief the conventional wisdom has it that this word revolution never materialized and therefore Marx was wrong but in fact during the years following World War one Marx's predictions came within a hair's breadth of succeeding even bricky the center of European stability was closer to revolution than at any time in this century there were tanks on the streets of London troops encircling Glasgow where the red flag flew on the townhall there were little Moscow's in the ronda strikes on the railways and in the mines Dockers refusing to load arms for the war against Soviet Russia coupled with the threat of a general strike in northern Italy in Milan and Turin the scenario as much as Marx had predicted the International proletarians occupy the factories and took control of production by setting up workers councils the factory council is the model for the proletarian state claimed their leader Graham XI they armed themselves to defend their gains it was a challenge that was only contained by the army and by muscley knees black shirts Berlin under the red flag announced the headlines in 1919 in the unrest following World War one the Kaiser was deposed and a republic formed under the powerful German social democrat party who were strongly influenced by Marxism in January 1919 the Sparta sees League for under of the German Communist Party led uprisings throughout Germany which came close to the revolution Marx had expected many soldiers and workers have been disillusioned and radicalized by the war and in bremen leipzig bavaria and hamburg soviet republics were set up sparta sees leader karl liebknecht announced whether or not we shall survive when all is achieved our program will live it will dominate the world of liberated people's in spite of all [Applause] because the German army was unreliable this revolutionary crisis was only put down by a volunteer right being militia the free Corps forerunner Hitler's Brownshirts the free Corps broke the back of the German Workers movement at the cost of thousands of lives the leaders among them Rosa Luxemburg were murdered and dumped in the canals in Hungary the pattern was the same the monarchy overthrown by a broad-based socialist government then the decoration of a Soviet republic its leader béla kun said quoting Marx every step of actual movement is more important than a dozen programs the Hungarian Soviet lasted six months and was undermined by the invasion of Czech and Romanian forces who occupied Budapest workers councils like this one were executed Marxist predictions of proletarian revolution in the advanced capitalist countries had been proved right the proletariat looked for a time as though it would become the leading class of the 20th century where the Marxist movements went wrong was in misjudging the resilience of capitalism and the strength of the state it was a costly mistake and as the tide of revolution in Europe began to ebb it left the Russian Revolution isolated and exposed the Soviet Union stood isolated it was encircled by Czarist troops backed by the armies of 17 nations these were the soldiers workers and peasants who fought to hold back the combined forces of the capitalist countries in their crusade against what the British war secretary Winston Churchill called the nameless beast of communism for a time it seemed likely that the first marxist revolution would be defeated like the other revolutions in Europe but in an amazingly short space of time the Bolsheviks shaped a Red Army from a non disciplined backward peasantry its organizer was the war commissar Trotsky this army took on a vastly superior force and against all expectations they won the Soviet revolution survived but at appalling cost Russia's backward and underdeveloped industry lay in ruins devastated by the war nine million people had died in the war from famine cold and disease now to the immense problems of this vast semi-feudal backward nation were added the burden of millions of refugees there was also sub attached by opponents of the Bolsheviks and even armed rebellion from among their supporters Lenin faced these colossal problems by establishing in his own words strict and disciplined backed up by the state power of the armed workers and Lenin centralized Bolshevik party structure became the instrument of this discipline he had set in motion the state machine that Stalin would inherit Lenin was forced to relax the rigors of war communism and adopt a new economic policy of limited private enterprise the new policy worked the peasants provided food for the cities and industrial production began again the new socialist society began to tackle the aftermath of the war to feed and clothe the millions of orphans to provide free education and to raise the cultural level of the Russian population to produce a new generation of human beings tough clean disciplined hard-working to break the hold of religious superstition and to construct a modern industrial society in spite of everything the Soviet Revolution did move forward in spite of everything there was a sense of optimism of the novelty and boldness of the Soviet experiment there was a sense of modernism of new openings towards the future people were becoming aware of themselves as agents in a process of revolutionary change Lenin died in 1924 there was genuine popular grief Stalin was waiting in the wings already general secretary under Lenin Stalin was an ambitious careerist who had made his way up the party hierarchy he took control of the funeral arrangements and mummified Lenin like a feral Lenin had built the Soviet party machine that Stalin was to control throughout the 20s and 30s Stalin consolidated his control he began to build his own frozen version of socialism a society of neat lives and optimistic cells with no room for questioning or debate Stalin was determined to drag Russia out of backwardness either we do it or they crush us he claimed he set about mechanizing and collectivizing the mass of peasants his aim was to use agriculture to supply the surplus for rapid industrialization and to achieve this Stalin decided to eliminate the wealthier peasants as a class and yet at the price of terror Stalin modernized the Soviet economy and under Stalin Marxism became the religion of Russia's national development the foundations of modern industry were laid he announced we are becoming a country of metal a country of automobiles a country of tractors and following Lenin who claimed the party plus electrification equals communism is human yet with a young peaceful identity teaches me a new bomb get some water locum tamale satisfies Adachi does not appear ignite a miracle that Lilith EMC pitch lamp ever made up them when a bulk of liability okay so we proceeded my UTP just Wilson ago but nas volumes can be a little extra garbage can cheat ideas are abortive regarded obesity chef the central planning of the Soviet economy spawned a massive bureaucracy the bureaucracy was charged with producing the epic monuments to Stalin's era at a time during the 1930s when the capitalist world was gripped by recession and the growth of fascism the images of Soviet modernization Education and Welfare appealed to many in the West as an attractive alternative Stalin claimed of all the treasures a state can possess the human lives of its citizens are for us the most precious Soviet citizens were required to express their unanimous consent for Stalin's rule through the ballot box Oh as in the First World War Russia faced Germany but this time Stalin's newly industrialised Soviet Union was finally victorious the war cost 20 million Russian lives and confirmed Stalin as a world figure alongside Roosevelt and Churchill the nameless beast of communism carved up post-war Europe with a man who had organized the war of intervention the Soviet Union was now a world power

  1. CCCP★ Largest Industrialization in Human History was under Stalin and Socialism

  2. There aren't more women and black workers, they're just utilised differently. I didn't like that line because it implied that women and people of color hadnt built capitalism in the first place

  3. WE must bring back the socalisimus der Erde.
    Wir wollen nicht unter dem Kapitalismus der Erde leben. Wegen der Kapitalismus, million Leute wurde vom dem Kapitalismus gemurdet seit 1258.

  4. I am convinced that communism is the best economic and social system of all time. The only reason why communism does not work is that capitalism and big capitalists are trying to fight it. Under communism, there are no rich and poor, all are the same.87

  5. Dumbasses in the comments can't appreciate that I killed more people than stalin, hitler, zedong, combined… IN ONE SITTING.

  6. "Singleness"?!! Utter bollocks. Singularity is the correct term – so stop trying to murder the English language!

  7. Love how they conveniently brushed over the genocide of the kulaks and the 10 million who starved after they no longer had the kulaks to produce the food

  8. It's funny how people love communism Wich killed millions a lot of people say it hasn't been done right but they follow this man's rules by the word and well it's horrible idea

  9. Although I understand why Lenin and the Bolsheviks decided to take an authoritarian route (the socialist movement had been divided between those who believed it had to be instituted from the top down and those who believed it had to come from the bottom up, the numerous rebellions against capitalists and failed communes proved how brutal capitalists and those who backed them are and many people are raised to be cogs in that system and some will support it because they think they benefit enough or could if things went right, not caring about the many who suffer under it), unfortunately, they did not take serious the warnings from anti-authoritarian socialists about the dangers of trying to implement socialism top-down. The state eventually loses its revolutionary goals as the original leaders die off or lose power or they just become drunk with power. The "vanguard" party becomes the new ruling class, the new capitalists (they control/own the means of production), and they no longer really want to progress towards socialism and instead get stuck in authoritarian state capitalist mode.

  10. I love the omission of BODY PILE NUMBERS in the name of socialism… Stalin and Mao justified the deaths of some 100 MILLION people (at least) to implement socialism, in the hopes of achieving a communist utopia.

    Karl Marx is revered by the have-nots and the naive. Marxist policy will ultimately fail every time it is tried because it is contrary to man’s inherent nature. I.e., living man is, at his core, always biologically needing so is thus ultimately and inherently self-interested. This self interest can be put off for a few years, maybe 20 years, or maybe even 100 years, but eventually man tires of toiling for a collective. He always wants something more. There are only two reasons for man to work hard: fear, or personal profit. In a socialist country he will have a job, food, shelter, and “free” healthcare, but he only has to work “just hard enough” to not be thrown into a gulag. Housing may be “free”, but it’s crappy and worse than an American slum. Food is cheap, but you’ll have to wait in a2-hour line to get just bread and milk. Store shelves are often empty.

    there is no perfect system, but capitalism allows for more upward mobility, freedom, and choices. In either system, you will have maybe two of the three following options: good quality, good availability, or good prices. Pick two. In the Soviet Union you may have very affordable healthcare, but you may die waiting for it, and the quality is going to be crappier. In America you will get the highest quality healthcare, it will be available, but it will be wicked expensive.

    Socialism fails every time it’s tried, though, because it is contrary to the inherent nature of mankind. It is a fascinating concept, but it will fail every time it is tried.

  11. If it wasn't Marx, the sheeple would have followed a different moron. Anything to make them , as a group, better than everyone else.

  12. And how the hell does Marx know what its like for the prols? How does he know how they feel? His father was a factory owning capitalist as was Engels' father. After his daddy financed his education, Marx married a German Aristocratic lady and started to incite revolution in whichever country he was in. He was able to maintain his wife and children in worst slums with just enough food for them to get sick and get well again by begging money off his father until his father told him it was time for him to stop writing about capital and to start earning some. He then ceased writing to his parents. When he heard dad was dead his letters begging for money started again, addressed to mum. Shunned and despised the prols he lived amongst and and would only keep company and drink with the Elite Intelligentsia.

    After spending the money that his father earned and his wife inherited from her aristocratic parents he sent Engels back to run his father's factory (he was quite good at it) so that he can send enough moneuy back to England to keep Marx and his family alive. Since engels had to support the helpless Marx, he could not pay the prols who actually did the work in his factory what they deserved.

    Remember according to the Manifesto: The Prols needed to be educated about their need to revolt and the biggest obstacle to the revolution was not the Capitalists but the Middle class.

  13. communism is all a lie is so good that they killed million of people that's the problem we have here in America infiltrated everywhere .

  14. A few of the Jewish bolsheviks who took over Russia and murdered tens of millions,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,ózef_Unszlicht,,,,,,,,,,,,ózef_Różański,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,Каганович,_Михаил_Моисеевич,,,,,,,,,,,,

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