Marxism and social classes



for watching the 10,000 unique and today we're going to be discussing social classes and Marxism let's go and remember this video assumes no prior knowledge so it's very simple I'll teach you everything for the beginning even if you know nothing so here we are in Marxism in modern society we say that there are two social classes or main social classes there is the bourgeoisie or aka a capitalist and the proletariat aka a worker now what makes someone a member of the bourgeoisie or what makes them a member of the proletariat well to be a member of the proletariat you have to work for a living so for example if you are a bus driver you get up at 9:00 every morning you go to work for seven or eight hours you come back and you receive a wage and that wage is what you live on then you are a member of the proletariat you are a worker what you've done is you have sold your labor you driving the bus and in return you have received a wage which you then use on yourself and your family the bourgeoisie however do not have to sell their labor what makes somebody a member of the bourgeoisie is that they own the means of production here now what is the means of production a means of production would be the bus company let's say so the bourgeoisie here owns a bus company in a major city like London and the proletariat drives that bus for him the bourgeoisie does not drive any of the buses that he owns then when the worker has done the end of the day he'll give a half let's say he'll give half for two-thirds of his wage to the bourgeoisie and keep the last third of the wage for himself as his wages so the bourgeoisie is making a lot of money out of all this bus drivers while not working but he owned because he owns the means of production the bus company so what makes somebody a member of the bourgeoisie well you have to own the means of production I hire people to work on it and take surplus value surplus value is profit made by the bus driver from being paid for driving the bus but is not given in his wage so for example he might make 500 pounds sold in bus tickets but he only gets to keep 100 of it while 400 of it goes to the bourgeoisie and a certain amount of it will go to running the bus company but a lot of it will go to paying this member of the bourgeoisie the person who owns the buses so let's move on to what Marxists think of how these social classes relate to the state the government so in modern Britain we are what's called a catalyst country we run an economic system called capitalism in which this is the primary way that things work we have a bourgeoisie who owns companies like a virgin media or bear or Tesco's or Asda and you'll have large business men and women owning that who are taking surplus value from their workers the proletariat who work at the tills who work in the factories or the labs but it hasn't always been this way capitalism is actually very new only three hundred years old if we go back into the past in Britain before the English Civil War we will find an economic system called feudalism in which you would have a lord who runs a portray a portion of land and serfs who work on it but the serfs are not paid a wage they are paid in being able to live on the land and they have to get permission from the Lord if they want to go somewhere and the Lord is expected to look after them and that's feudalism and if we go back even further than that we will see slavery such as in ancient Greek and Roman societies in which the primary way that things work as we have a slave owner and the slaves to work from and if we go back even further than that we will find tribal societies in which there are no social classes in fact people live in tightly knit tribal and family groups and they all work for each other maybe jobs are divided by what somebody is capable of or maybe their sex if they're male or female but that's pretty much it what defines tribal society however is that there is no state so why do we have a state well the bourgeoisie needs a way of keeping in control the proletariat we're talking about bomb captain right now so in Britain police officers would do this very well if the proletariat were working against the interests of the bourgeoisie such as organizing unions and strikes going as far as to take control of their Factory or organizing a general strike then the police will conspire to stop that that is the primary function of the state in this society is to protect capitalism of course the police do things such as stopping murders and stopping rapes but that is their secondary purpose their primary purpose is to protect the economic system in which society lives on so blacklisting is a very good example in Britain we have what's called a blacklist in which employers will name and share the information of their workers that have been organising unions or strikes or damaging the interests of the bourgeoisie and these workers who are blacklisted find it very hard to find jobs in the future because their employers are sharing the names and they don't want to hire anybody who had unionized and organized workers if we go even further back to feudalism we will find Knights now any sir for peasants that refuses the will of the Lord or doesn't want to work on the land for the Lord will quickly find the knight will persuade the peasant otherwise if we go back even further to Roman society which was a slave society their economic system was slavery you will find Centurions now if any slave dared to rebel against a slave master then they'd find the Centurion would persuade them otherwise or kill them now these aren't the only modes of production there is one other but it's very young and it's still in its development stage called socialism now the first socialist revolution that was successful in taking state power and destroying the bourgeoisie was the October Revolution in the in Russia or it would later become the Soviet Union the Soviet Union was the first States to practice socialism this new economic system what made it different however was that the proletariat held state power and the bourgeoisie were the oppressed class or are almost non-existent so the state was acting in the interests of the proletariat the working class rather than the bourgeoisie the catalysts so now the proletariat are holding state power and the state is acting in the interest of the proletariat if any bourgeoisie who wanted to sabotage socialism or get in the way they would quickly find chica agents knocking at their door and they probably find themselves in a gulag any working-class person in Britain that dares to actually challenge capitalism and get is successful in doing so will find themselves in a private prison any surf in medieval Britain where that found themselves in antagonism to their Lord who wanted their own land and didn't want to serve the Lord would find the Knights would send them to a dungeon and in slavery if Roman slavery let's say if any slave dared to rebel against their slave owners then they would also find themselves at a dungeon so how does it change how do these different social classes come into power we are using Britain as an example because my videos are designed primarily for British people and other english-speaking countries in Britain capitalism was built after the English Civil War so we have feudalism before the English Civil War but then comes along the parliamentary army who challenged feudalism and they eventually topple feudalism they topple the lords of the manor the various aristocracy then they build the state that is in the interests of the catalysts but large industrial capitalists like we see today didn't exist back then the technology didn't exist instead we had very wealthy merchants so the state is acting interest or is acting in the interest of these merchants and in later on we'll hit the 17 and 1800's and we the science is developed for capitalism the science capable of large machinery and work houses is capable it exists then and so that develops a science develops and we get to modern-day capitalism so if want some examples of both capitalism and socialism let's look at some examples from the present in the past if you want to look at capitalism today you can see practically all of North America United States Canada Mexico Germany France Israel South Korea now many socialist states that did exist have now dissolved they succumbed to counter-revolution and sabotage and many socialist states are in the process of being made there are communist rebellions happening all over the globe in the Philippines India Colombia Ecuador but for all some past examples of socialist states in which the proletariat held state power the most famous examples is the USSR or the Soviet Union we could also look at China Vietnam East Germany etc there goes at the end of my video that was my video on Marxist theory the state social classes and history now if you want some good reading material by socialists themselves and Marxist on the theory if you want to go into more detail remember this is a very generalized in a nutshell video then i recommend lenin imperialism the highest stage of capitalism and there will be a website in the description below where you can read it online for free and also I recommend the foundations of Leninism by Joseph Stalin which I highly recommend I've read both of these books and I can recommend them and there will also be a link in the description to a website in which you can read it for free and also a link to a place where you can buy the books if you want them physically to spin a ten thousand League like rate and subscribe for more videos on revolutionary theory history and politics goodbye




Comments
  1. Looking back on this video makes me realise how far I've come. When I made this I was completely self taught, struggling to understand whatever books and articles I could and asking everyone I knew for advice. I'm now in my 20's, I am a few weeks away from graduating from a history degree and I'm training to become a journalist.
    You people helped this happen

  2. Marxism is the most grandiose thing the world has ever experienced, and was born in the head of the biggest genius that ever lived on the Earth: Karl Marx. But dicks like the author and all the viewers who say he´s right will never understand that.

  3. How I like it when a teen-age (or shortly past twenty) idiot who has never been to a socialist country wants to teach others about Marxism! Go skateboarding, you little piece of shit.

  4. Excuse me sir if you don't mind can I ask you what exactly your accent is??? It's something similar to Klaus Michaelson…. I want to learn this… So I first have to know the exact name….

  5. Great explanation dude, even as someone who’s not a Marxist, I found this video very informative, keep up the good work!

  6. The police do sell their labour so doesn't that make them members of the proletariat? Why would they support the oppressor? Who's side do they pick and why?

  7. As a beginner's guide, a good basic reading of class division. However, things have naturally got more complex since Marx's time.

    The Petty Bourgeois class has grown larger, i.e. small businesses; tradesmen; landlords etc people who both work and own their own means of production. Such 'little capitalists' do not necessarily have any allegiance with the traditional working class; in fact, more often than not – they will vote Tory, Liberal and UKIP.

    Then there's the so-called Labour Aristocracy – a class of skilled workers who can demand higher wages, often higher than traditional middleclass trades. Once again, such workers don't have an automatic affinity with class struggle, in fact it's probably the case, they'd be worse off under socialism. Such workers as electricians, carpenters, gas fitters will generally support soft-left positions, but, once again – they can easily be swayed by reactionary politics.

    And the other class that has mushroomed in recent decades is the underclass – or what Marx would've called the Lumpen Proletariat – petty criminals; sex workers; beggars; dope peddlers; benefit scroungers etc. Marx claimed that the Lumpen Proletariat would generally be A political at best; or at worst – a weapon of reactionary intrigue. Their slothful criminalized position would actually be threatened by socialism; hence they have little or no revolutionary potential.

    So the de facto working-class are not what they once were, perhaps making up 40 percent of the population. Which is why modern socialist parties in Western countries look to recruit oppressed minorities to improve their electoral chances. However, such a strategy can backfire – given Liberal policies can alienate traditional working class voters.

    Moreover, just because someone is Black, gay, trans, lesbian etc doesn't automatically mean they will vote for progressive parties.

    All of the above, speaking to why we are seeing the West drift ever right-ward. The expansion of private housing; self employment, small business and mass unemployment or under employment – can only lead in a Right-ward direction.

  8. Awesome video! I am in my first year of a criminal just degree and your video was way more interesting than listing to a three hour lecture and i got a relatively nice amount of understanding of Matt and social classes

  9. I understand that your video is an introduction to how social classes constitute themselves in general. But would the office worker, let's say in Microsoft, be also a proletarian ?

  10. As a business owner this is a perfect example of why Marxism failed so miserably, the notion that because you own a business you don’t work. Lol tell that to you local baker, florist, mom pop anything and you’ll get a real answer or the truth. Marxism is a disaster and history proves it over and over again. It simply is completely wrong in all its analogies.

  11. "Capitalism is very new" – Yes. Voluntary exchange between two people is only 300 years old. Before that it was all completely and entirely force and theft.

  12. Isn't the idea behind socialism to bring democracy to the work place? After the October revolution Lenin dissolved the workers councils and the soviets. Without the councils can we really call what happened in the USSR socialism? I would go further and say that, because of the 'labor army' they created, that they were anti-socialist who were using a popular idea to gain power.

  13. You did not deesvribe feudalism remotely accurately…. you just described slavery…. American slavery at that, not even Moorish slavery or African slavery, etc. feudalism can function within a representative republic or democracy and it could also function without slavery. Hence “neo fuedalisn” my point is I think you misunderstand what feudalism fundamentally is, yes older societies that were soncisered feudalist did indeed have slaves, so did representative republics and democracies and Desptots!

  14. More of poor old Karl’s anti-Semitic rants.

    Many people will never admit that Marxism is Racism.

    Racism is always sad, but Marxism is a particular virulent form of racism. The cult followers of Karl Marx, like David here ignore how Karl hated Mexicans, maliciously used the “N” word and in spite of being of Jewish origins himself was an unrepentant anti Semitic racist. Karl’s lifelong racism informed his “theoretical” rhetoric in a tactical approach that intentionally obscured the disproportionate negative impact of his utopian “theories” and schemes on the Jewish people. Karl’s kooky theories always fail, the USSR, East Germany (remember them), Albania, Yugoslavia, North Korea, Cambodia, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Somalia, Ethiopia, China, Cuba, Mugabe land, Venezuela evidence the absolute and appalling failures of this kook’s social/economic “theories”.

    Karl’s obscuring rhetoric of class, capital, management, bankers, false consciousness, and the ever nutty “labor theory of value (!)”, and so …..on very successfully veils the critical anti-Semitic essence of Karl’s socialist ‘theories” and how they impacted (particularly in the west) Jewish people more that other groups. Sad old Karl himself was an irresponsible drunk, a failure, and sexual predator( ask the maid ) he spent most of his life in debt and blamed the Jewish people “ bankers” for his own economic and social failures. Karl was a petty and vindictive narcissist – his “theories” were a form of revenge, a revenge designed to attract cult like followers. Lenin the mass murder and early cult follower of Karl loved the quote “ Anti-Semitism is the socialism of fools” the inverse that “ Socialism is the anti-Semitism of the tenured class” is just as true. At the end of the day it is not possible to be a Marxist without being an anti-Semitic racist.

    A good read is Nathaniel Weyl’s book, “Karl Marx: Racist”. The racist Karl Marx exemplifies his racist understanding of Jewishness and free commerce (or as some might call it capitalism) in this quote from his 1844 essay “On the Jewish Question,”

    "What is the worldly religion of the Jew? Huckstering. What is his worldly God? Money. … Money is the jealous god of Israel, in face of which no other god may exist. Money degrades all the gods of man—and turns them into commodities. … The bill of exchange is the real god of the Jew. His god is only an illusory bill of exchange. … The chimerical nationality of the Jew is the nationality of the merchant, of the man of money in general."

    Karl spent the rest of his life concocting screwy pseudo economic rationales for policies that inflicted disproportionate economic and social displacement on the Jewish people ( or Jewish like people- code speak ie bankers, the 1% and so on), to be followed by his own final solution of gradual “assimilation” as the answer to the “question” of the Jewish people.

    Today Marxist racists, (or as they are now known as Cultural Marxists, the Politically Correct, Progressives or Social liberals) still hate Israel, and rhetorically “high grade” the Jewish people and cultural norms using a host of code terms like “the 1%”, “bankers”, “ capitalists”, “ neo-liberals” “international financiers” and so on. Virtually every aspect of Marxist “cultural policies” have a disproportionate negative impact on the Jewish people, (or Jeudo-Christians as Christanity is a Jewish sect) the facts and more importantly Karl’s own words speak for themselves, Marxism is a systemic form of anti Semitic racism. Marxism is racism.

  15. eeeh, my problem with all these videos trying to explain marxism, is that they dont explain how marxism would work. all you did was explain how all the other theorys work in the eyes of marxism, but you never truely explain what marxism entrails

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