Karl Marx: The Socialist Revolutionary

this video is made possible by Vince arrow watches luxury handcrafted watches a fair prices you can check them out of in Sarah watches comm /by graphics there's also a link below his writings inspired the great revolutionary movements of the 20th century leading to the dictatorial rise of men like Joseph Stalin and Mao Zedong he lived a life of poverty and obscurity contends let others take the limelight and aware that his ideas would not be realized during his lifetime we remember him as the father of communism yet the version that took hold in the Soviet Union and China wore little resemblance to what he had envisions in this week's by graphics we discover the man who was Karl Marx Karl Marx was born on May the 5th 1818 in the historic German town of Trier his was an upper middle-class family with his father Heinrich doing well as a lawyer Carl's mother Henriette was from a wealthy Dutch family the family was Jewish but Heinrich had converted to Christianity the year before Karl was born in order to avoid the harsh laws that were being imposed upon Jews Karl was the third of nine children he became the eldest son when his brother Moritz died in 1919 the young Karl was a lively child who was prone to getting into trouble he was home-schooled by his father to the age of 12 at which point he entered the tria high school third master of the school Hugo wit and bark took an instant liking to the inquisitive young Marx and helped him to mold his early philosophical ideas would embark taught liberal ideas to his students and employed young liberal humanists as teachers as a result the school develops a reputation as a fermenter of dangerous ideologies in 1832 weten bark was placed under surveillance by the authorities with the school being searched for subversive materials Carl graduated from the school at the age of 17 he furthered his studies at one University enrolling as law students in October of 1835 he found the workload during his first semester to be extremely challenging by the beginning of 1836 he had reduced his attendance to a part-time level he spent most nights at local pubs and often woke the next day with a hangover limiting the amount of focus that he could give to his studies on one occasion he was actually arrested for public intoxication after a year of wasting his efforts at the University of Bonn Marx's father he put his foot down he transferred his wayward son to the University of Berlin and ordered him to start getting serious about his education the summer before he transferred to Berlin University called returns home to tria he began a romance with a young woman called Jenny von Westphalen who he had known since childhood before leaving for university in October called proposed and the two were engaged the move to Berlin University has served the purpose of encouraging Marx to get serious about his studies he replaced late-night carousing with membership in a number of philosophical societies he became interested in the ideas of German philosopher GWF Hegel and the ideas that he mulled over sore expression in a number of essays and treatises that he began working on calls bright academic star it was diminished in May of 1838 with the death of his father he had a great deal of respect and love the heinrich UNS was shattered by his loss his father had been supporting him financially and the sudden loss of this support imposed a financial hardship on him this was a great concern to the West farlands who were now convinced that Karl would not be able to support their daughter as his bride but the young couple they continued their courtship even though they were far away from each other following his father's death marks shifted the focus of his studies from law to philosophy his goal was to graduate with honors and then secure a position at the University is a philosophy lecturer in order to help fund his studies he sort work as a journalist he secured a position with the most controversial newspaper in the region the rhineland news the paper expressed with vocal opposition to the Prussian occupation of the Rhineland in October of 1842 Karl Marx became the editor-in-chief of the paper it was through this paper the marks began writing about communism and what form a possible communist government could take but when he openly criticized the Russian monarch Tsar Nicholas the first there was a step too far the brushing authorities moved in and they shut down the paper Marx was now an unemployed journalist but that didn't stop him and Jenny marrying on June the 19th 1843 the ceremony took place in a Protestant church and was attended by members of both families though many of the westfalen clan mutters that jenny was marrying below her station however the marriage it was to last a couple until they were parted by death Carl and Jenny they moved in with Jenny's mother they lived off the mothers step and as Carl tried to restart his writing career he managed to get a writing gig writing for a newspaper called the Deutsche Franz oh sure Yabba heard that had as its audience far leftists in the Rhineland the paper had been started by German socialists Arnold Rouge who was based in Paris in October of 1843 Marx and his wife they moved to Paris and bordered with Rouge and his wife in 1844 Jenny gave birth to the first Charles this made the living conditions extremely cramped and sewed the Marx's they moved into their own apartment as well as publishing the newspaper Marx Andrews worked together on two treatises that would become very controversial the second of them was called on the Jewish Question even though Marx was of Jewish ancestry himself the pamphlet comes across as quite anti-semitic in it he wrote for the first time of the proletariat a working-class band of revolutionaries who would throw off the yoke of religion and other cultural bonds to finally unite the masses soon after Marx moved on from working with Rouge to find employment with the paris-based newspaper voorwarts or forward which targeted Germans living in France the paper was sponsored by the League of the just made up of German immigrants who believed in a communist system where everyone enjoyed economic quality it was while working for forwards that Marx met and formed an alliance with Friedrich Engels the two men they immediately gelled with their ideas converging into what would be called a classical Marxism Marx was inspired by a report that angles had written calls the conditions of the working class in England he was convinced more than ever that the working class would eventually rise up and overthrow their oppressors angles came from a wealthy family and over the years he would prop up Marx financially time and time again their evolutionary ideas that Marx was espousing through his writings soon came to the attention of the Prussian authorities who put pressure on him to leave France the interior ministry had shutdown forwards and Marx was given 24 hours to leave the country he decided to relocate to Brussels Belgium with his wife and baby joining him a few days later Belgium was a liberal and free-thinking country and so it was a natural fit for the leftist philosophies of Karl Marx soon after settling in Brussels Jenny became pregnant with a couple's second child back in Germany Marx's mother-in-law became concerns that her daughter wouldn't be able to cope with the stress of starting anew with one small child and another one on the way she sends her maid servant Helen DeMuth to Brussels to help her cope Helen Wood from then on be a permanent member of the Marx household unknown to Marx the Prussian government was putting crasher on the Belgians to kick him out as a result he experienced frustrating delays in his efforts to obtain permanent residency in order to get residency granted he had to promise not to get involved in local political issues or espouse his political views he then proceeded to find loopholes that would allow him to spread his ideas in 1847 he published a treatise entitled of a poverty of philosophy which challenged an earlier tract by French leftist pierre-joseph Proudhon called the philosophy of poverty the poverty of philosophy was a stepping stone towards Marx's most impressive and famous work the Communist Manifesto in order to get direct experience of the conditions of the working class he traveled to England in 1845 along with Friedrich Engels they taught factories and slums witnessing the terrible working conditions and the even worse living conditions after six weeks in England marks returned to Brussels fully equipped to produce his magnum opus two weeks later the thirty page pamphlet it was ready for the presses the communist manifesto was published on February the 21st 1848 in it mark stated that the bourgeoisie were their own gravediggers with their exploited workers rising up to ever throw them soon after the manifestos publication the second French revolt broke out the moniker was cast aside and the Democratic government was put in place back in Belgium Marx was arrested for subversive activity upon his release he made the decision to head to a reinvigorated and freer France the Marche family's relocation was helped by the belated inheritance that he received from his father's estate most of that money though was poured into starting another newspaper this newspaper was called the Neue Rheinische Zeitung angles worked on the paper providing the latest news and happenings from europe soon after moving to France Marx joins the Communist League which had been formed by members of the shock among club after the Revolution in order to prevent the aristocracy from reasserting itself their methods of doing so were so drastic that the time period became known as the reign of terror the French authorities viewed the communist League as the reinstituted Jacobin Club just under a new name this brought official scrutiny upon the league with Marx being arrested several times initially the police were unable to directly link him to any subversive activity and no prosecution was brought against him but things changed when the Prussian King Frederick William the fourth took a personal interest in stomping out every leftist movement in his realm it didn't take long phased attention to go to the paris-based leftist newspaper run by Karl Marx for the second time in his life he was expelled from France Marx had poured all of his financial resources into the paper with it shut down he was left with nothing he only had enough money to get out of France he had to visit a pawn shop and hock his family's silver he received support from a couple of German socialists who raised money to help yet marx reestablished however the help turned out to be a double-edged sword the benefactors have painted Marx to be in such a poor demoralized condition in order to secure support that karl was treated as a laughingstock when he returned Marx was not pleased with this reception he stated that the greatest financial difficulties are preferable to public begging now just before we get into Marx's move to London in his later life I want to tell you a bit about today's sponsor and that's been Sarah watches I'm wearing a Vince arrow watch right now this is a Vince arrow chronograph and as well as keeping perfect time it's also got a time you see the three back dials there they look great but they also serve the timer function I picked out a watch with blue and silver but there aren't loads of options on their websites you'll be sure to find something that suits your style and your wrist size as I mentioned before I have tiny Azure wrists say they even sorted me out with a smaller model and it fits perfectly I've had this watch for a few months I took it on holiday with me I've been putting it through its paces and now I'm not a super careful watch owner say the least but it still looks in great condition then Sarah watches believe that luxury is all about price or specification it's about detail and craftsmanship and even Sarah watches they've got a ton of that unlike many other watches on the market and Sarah isn't about minimalist style it's about the classic good look of a watch which is something that I personally love this is what really sets it apart from others further by selling direct to the consumer Vince Eric and deliver a great watch at about a tenth of the price that you might expect go check out the full range oven Sarah watches calm /nya graphics and use the code bio graphics on check out for a special discount and to help support this show let's get back to marks in June of 18-49 the Marx family of four relocated yet again the destination this time it was London England it was that final move with the famous German spending the rest of his life amongst the English no long after the Marxist settled in London the disbanded French Communist League reformed in the city the leaders of the movements wanted to bring about an immediate revolt of the working classes in London which would ideally then spread across the entire continent Marx viewed these goals as unrealistic and labeled the leaders of the Communist League as unrealistic dreamers he was firmly convinced that the overthrow would come but believed that it had to evolve gradually he wasn't even concerned if the revolution didn't come in his own lifetime he was happy to plant the seeds that would come to fruition at a later time as it turned out the first communist revolution it didn't happen for another sixty-eight years in London Marx focused on bringing reforms on a smaller scale he championed the rights of the poor and advocated for voting rights and freedom of speech for the first few months in London the Marx family were among the poor of London only surviving thanks to the financial support provided by Friedrich angles the financial strain it was lifted in 1851 when Marx secured a position as a European correspondent for the New York Daily Tribune at the start angles had to translate the Articles that Marx wrote before long Karl taught himself English and was able to translate for himself at the time the New York Daily Tribune was the most widely read newspaper in all of the United States the paper paid in 200 pounds per year in order to provide two articles per week still it was never quite enough and the family struggled to make ends meet in 1852 Marx was concerned with what was taking place across the English Channel the second French Revolution had erupted and a new Napoleon the nephew of the first seized power establishing himself as the new emperor Marx was frustrated at how the French working people could allow another dictator to rule over them he wrote a book called the eighteenth Brumaire of Louie Napoleon which mocks the new emperor in it he placed the blame on both the French working-class for the sucked in by the dictator and on the proletariat being gullible to napoleon's promised to keep the masses in check in his book he summed it up this way the struggle seems to be settled in such a way that all classes equally impotence and equally remote fall on their knees before the rifle but as a correspondent for the New York Daily Tribune Marx was in a unique position to give an outside perspective on the American Civil War he predicted that the election of Abraham Lincoln would lead to civil war and that the war would greatly impact the British economy with its textile industry relying on exports of cotton from the American South he was right on both counts with the slowdown in trade being termed the cotton famine many British factory workers lost their jobs providing the British government with the incentive to provide financial aid to prop up the Confederate cause Marx was quick to point out the hypocrisy in Britain's position having outlawed slavery itself Britain was now supporting the slave owning southern states in order to boost her own economy his articles were published in the Tribune without the senton tilt the paper changed its Pro abolitionist stance and began calling for an immediate cessation of hostilities from now on articles had to be neutral in their tone this was a disaster for Marx Eve unwilling to compromise his principles tendered his resignation once more Karl Marx was unemployed it was terrible timing with financial pressures having mounted even before his leaving the paper on top of that jenny was sick with a bout of smallpox with nowhere else to turn Marx sought relief from Friedrich Engels however bengal's was grieving the recent death of his wife and the letter from Karl requesting relief was not taken kindly after three days of stewing on the matter he sent the following reply you will find it natural that my own trouble and your frosty reception of it made it positively impossible for me to answer you earlier all my friends have shown me on this occasion which was bound to touch me very nearly more sympathy and friendship than I could expect you found the moment suitable to enforce the superiority of your cold thought processes Marx was surprised and upset that he had unwittingly insulted angles he quickly wrote back in the process giving us insight into just how desperate his situation was he wrote my wife and children will bear me witness that when your letter came I was much shattered by the death as one of those nearest to me but when I wrote to you in the evening it was under the impression of very desperate conditions I had the landlord's broker in the house the butcher protesting might check shortage of coals and food and little Jenny in bed in such circumstances as I can generally save myself only by cynicism the two men quickly made up in angles once more provided financial support to keep the Marx family afloat before long however Marx faced a new crisis while his wife's health improved his urn began to deteriorate balls erupted all over his body of causing great pain and discomfort he suffered on as he completed his latest work dust capital the work was published in Berlin in 1867 in it he emphasised the surplus value of labour and the impact that machines would have on the workforce does capital was a success but that didn't translate to financial stability for the ever struggling family Marx's mother once made the salient comment if only Karl had made capital instead of just writing about it when Marx's daughter Laura got engaged to a struggling medical students named Paul Lafargue her protective father sought to save her from the same mistake mother had made marrying a man who was ill-prepared to Cather her he strongly objected to the marriage only relenting when he gained the assurance that the young man was able to care for his daughter financially by 1869 marx was actively working as an ambassador for an organization called International workingmen's association which endeavoured to bring the world of communism together under a single umbrella in 1870 France declared war on Germany among the International workingmen's association there was a division between those who were in favor of the war and those who were against it Marx was keen for Germany to give the French a good drubbing believing that it would lead to the resurgence of socialism in France following the defeat of Napoleon the third a coalition of international workers members and French citizens combined to take control of Paris after two months they were overthrown by the French authorities in that short period of time Marx saw the embodiment of his proletarian revolt its overthrow by the establishment convinced him that the working class can't simply lay hold of ready-made state machinery and wield it for its own purposes for a takeover of power to be successful Marx reasons there had to be an existing infrastructure ready to replace the old one for the last decade of his life Karl Marx struggled with health problems and financial survival during this period he produced just one work of notes in which he commented on what he terms the dictatorship of the proletariat he expressed his firm belief that the masses needed to work together in the coming revolution without allowing for a dominant leader to rise unfortunately that is precisely what happens in many of the communist revolutions of the 20th century on December the 2nd 1881 Karl's lifelong companion Jenny died she had been in terrible pain with cancer of the liver for months her last words to call were good indicating that she was happy that her pain was at an end following Jenny's death Marx fell into a deep depression at the prompting of his lifelong friend Friedrich angles he took a holiday to Algiers after two months he returned to England just as he was beginning to get back on his feet he received another blow when his daughter Jenny Caroline died of bladder cancer at the age of 38 with the loss of his tube Jenny's Marx gave up the will to live he hung on for another two months wracked by pain and living in poverty the end game on March the 14th 1883 when his body succumbed to a combination of bronchitis and pleurisy the man was gone but his ideas continued and they had a massive impact on the coming century so I really hope you found their video interesting if you did please do give us a thumbs up below and don't forget to subscribe also check out our fantastic sponsor Vince arrow watches you'll find a link to them below and as always thank you for watching

  1. Karl Marx’s writing of the communist manifesto is one of the long term causes of the majority of the worlds problems, prove me wrong

  2. Dislike, for the shameless ad for crappy Chinese watches. Which coincidentally is Communist made.

  3. Sometimes I feel sympathy for Marx, he tried to create a better world but caused most of today's problems

  4. Stalin, like Lenin, completely endorsed the selling of goods for money.

    He simply 'insisted' that no one but himself be allowed to do so.

  5. I've read marx, several articles and books. I think after seeing everything hed see capitalism as the true revolutionary system. Workers having unions is much better and SO much more fair than centralized control of resources and economic activity

  6. Unless one has read, and understood, Karl Marx's meticulous analysis of the capitalist system,
    one cannot make any sense as to why we humans have become mere automatons desiring things we don't need, and why we have become mere slaves of mindless consumption. The watch ad is self evident.

  7. If I had a dollar for every comment about the irony of advertising a 'luxury' watch on this video about Marx, I'd be able to live very comfortably indeed!

  8. There is no person more toxic than Marx, he is the reason for the Holocaust, Holodomor, Second World War, Great Leap Forward, Cultural revolution and many more atrocities.

  9. How ironic that I say ironic in a comment section that can't help but declare "how ironic" before spouting bumper sticker wisdom. Also, this is an educational video, not some asskissery to the ideas of Marx. Hence, content via sponsoring, as with the other videos.

  10. from the Marx quote, "the greatest financial difficulties are preferable to public begging" then directly to a message about a flashy watch… priceless.

  11. I find nothing extraordinary about this man… maybe besides the fact history even remembers him at all.

  12. Who one earth would take their economic ideas from a guy who spent his life in poverty, constantly leeching off of other people?

  13. Communism and socialism are the biggest killers in human history, killing 100 million people. Severe forms in Venezuela and the USSR kill people through starvation and violent suppression. Lighter forms, as in Sweden and Denmark in the '60s and '70s simply cause recession, and even shorten people's lifespans. Bernie Sanders is mistaken: Sweden and Denmark moved back to the right in the '90s, after their disastrous move towards socialism, and are now, in 2019, more capitalist than America.

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