Israeli settlements, explained | Settlements Part I

This is me driving in what I think is one
of the most bizarre places in the world. I just crossed over from Israel into the West
Bank. If you look at a map of where I am right now,
you will see a jumbled mess of of Palestinian towns shown here in green, and Israeli
settlements, which are blue. Many people think of this territory as Palestine. But of the 3 million people living out here,
almost twenty percent of them are Jewish Israeli citizens. The Israelis living out here are called settlers. They live in the West Bank but are citizens
of Israel. As I drive I’m looking at effectively two
different nations, woven into each other through decades of conflict,
I visited 15 settlements all over the West Bank, talking to the people who have decided
to pack up and move to middle of this disputed land. We’ll meet them in coming videos. But first let’s look at the maps that explain
how the West Bank got to looking like this. So let’s first go back to 1948, when the
map looks a lot different. Back then, all this land was controlled by
Great Britain. Due to growing tension between Jews and Arabs,
the UN worked with the Britain to split the land into two states, one for Jews, Israel,
and one for Arabs, Palestine. The Jews accepted the plan and declared independence. But the Arab states in the region saw this
plan as just more European colonialism. They didn’t accept the plan and declared
war with Israel. Israel won the war, pushing well past the
borders of the UN plan. During the peace negotiations, a ceasefire
line was drawn in green ink. It became known as the green line. It wasn’t a border, just a ceasefire line
with this being the state of Israel, and this section being controlled by Jordan, who had
taken control of it during the war they just fought. The Jordanians named this newly-seized land
the West Bank because it was West of the Jordan River. The fragile ceasefire remained until 1967
when Israel fought another war with its Arab neighbors. Israel wasn’t looking to take over land
in the war, but In just six days of fighting, it blew past the Green Line and seized a whole
swath of land, including the entire West Bank. Suddenly Israel had a decision to make: do
they make the West Bank a part of Israel and give the 1.1 million Arabs living there Israeli
citizenship and voting rights? Do they give back the land to their enemy
Jordan or else let the people create their own Palestinian state? This became a major debate in Israeli politics. Many Israelis saw this war they just won not
only as a military victory but a religious sign that the Jews were meant to return to
the the place where a huge amount of Jewish ancient history happened, the hills of ancient
Judea and Samaria, which was basically the entire West Bank. So while the government was debating what
to do, Israeli civilians began moving into the West Bank without any permission from
the government. They just starting setting up homes, establishing
a Jewish presence in this region. Suddenly, any debate about what to do with
the West Bank had to take this growing number of Israeli civilians into consideration. This is how the the settler movement was born. The rest of the world did not approve of this. As the settler presence grew, the UN issued
a resolution saying that the settlements had “…no legal validity and constitute a serious
obstruction to achieving a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East.” Two different narratives emerged here: One
said Jewish civilians were moving onto mostly empty plots of land that they had captured
in a war and that had deep historical and spiritual significance to them. The other side, which is the side most of
the world took, said that these settlers were colonizing land to expand their nation. The settler project was widely seen as apart
of an illegal occupation of the West Bank. In spite of international condemnation, the
number of settlers grew quickly. Over the next few decades, more and more factions
of the Israeli government began to support the settler movement, allocating public resources
and granting permits for building. The Israeli housing ministry and military
began developing plans for how to build up the West Bank. They built roads throughout the entire region,
allowing for easy access between settlements and mainland Israel. More and more building permits were given
out and new planned communities began popping up all over the West Bank. The settlements slowly shifted from a fringe
group of motivated civilians to an institutionalized part of Israeli society, totally supported
by the state. Here are the Palestinian towns in the West
Bank. As settler activity surged in the 80s and
90s, watch how the settlements weave around these towns. Palestinians didn’t like this encroachment. They began protesting, sometimes with extreme
violence. Between the violence and the condemnation
from the international community of the settlements, the situation became unsustainable. So in the mid 90s American president Bill
Clinton, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat signed
the Oslo Accords, agreements that established Palestinian government and split the West
Bank into 3 sections. Area A gave Palestinians total control over
security and government. This makes up about 18% of the West Bank but
most of the palestinian population centers. This gave the Palestinian government self
rule for the first time. Area B was designated for Palestinian government
control while retaining Israeli security control, meaning the Israeli military remains very
present. Area B is about 22% of the West Bank. Area C Remained completely under Israeli military
and government control. This is where all the settlements are. It is about 60% of the West Bank. So this is how we ended up with this mess
of a map. Israelis can easily come and go to mainland
Israel through really nice roads that go straight to settlements. They call these “flyovers” because they
bypass Palestinian villages and give easy access from one settlement to another, although
not every settlement has a flyover road like this. Palestinians can drive on almost all roads
in the West Bank but their movement it often more difficult, having to stop at checkpoints
or have their car inspected by a soldier. But perhaps the biggest difficulty faced by
palestinians is how restricted their economy is due to this carved up land. Area C contains the majority of the West Banks
agricultural land, as well as water and mineral resources. Palestinians companies are severely restricted
in accessing these resources which takes a huge hit on their economy. So with these three sections agreed upon by
both sides, the settlements continued to grow within Area C. But in 2005 something happened
that would ignite even more passion for the settler movement., Israeli Prime Minister
Ariel Sharon decided to remove 8,500 settlers from the Gaza strip, another disputed area. Seeing Israelis being evicted, their homes
demolished, left a huge mark on the country, especially the settlers. They immediately redoubled their efforts to
settle the West Bank. The numbers continued to grow. Most people who think about resolution to
this conflict propose a two state solution, meaning giving the Palestinians a state somewhere
in the West Bank region. But if you look at this map you can see what
it’s getting harder and harder to do that. The settlers living in Area C of the West
Bank are not living in tents or Caravans. They are living in developed communities with
schools, hospitals and even a university. In the next video I will go inside the settlements
and talk to the people living there.

  1. Israel violated 63 U.N. Resolutions and nothing happened. Israel violated 2 U.N. Resolutions and they bombed it.

  2. Israel what they doing right now they already have got punishment for this kind of corruption and this is the 3 time and god have promised them if they do this corruption again they will get punished 7 times more that's why they are like lost donkeys in the dessert

  3. Brits are really not that great when it comes to marking borders …like india and pakistan and isreal and Palestine.

  4. The egyptians were the first then canaanites/Philistines(phoenicians) then Israelistites, Then Assyrians and Babylonians, Then Greeks, Then Israelites again, Then Romans , Then Byzantines, Then Arabs, The Crusaders, Then Arabs again, Then Ottomans, Then English and no we have Israel/Palestine who's land is it again?

  5. India is going to do pretty much the same with Kashmir now. Govt will help mainland Indians to setup homes etc

  6. Why do you use the term 'west bank', the name given by the Jordanian occupiers for 19 years to describe Judea & Samaria? You should be ashamed.Go back & edit your video.

  7. The covenant given to Abraham and his seed Jacob being fulfilled. This stuff was prophesied thousands and thousands of years ago. Why don’t you look it up.

  8. Palestinians couldn't build an economy if they tried. Let's face it, Muslims are not living in the 21st century. They are still stuck in the 15th century.

  9. You really didnt explain it properly
    This was a plan done in 1940 anyway your making it sound like it all happened as time went by research facts before you explain and make it like a movie show America Jews in west signed documents with British and America to take over Palestinian and create the westbank

  10. Simple explanation, do to US dollars and so called western civilized world it was posible. Killings of Palestinians, destruction of their homeland was totally forbidden to be shown on Jewish TV stations across US and western Europe.

  11. why starts with 1948? at time of British colonization …as if like Palestine never exist before… how convenient of vox

  12. British have done very wrong when they left their colonies they created big problem they took land from soneone else and when they left place gave to someone else. Its the colonies fault who belived british power and fought with their own land brother for british now every land owner is losing their land and those who does not have any right on plestien they are steeling land ,water, its resorces from plestenen .
    But dont worry god is there he will do justice with everyone.

  13. Whelp….the land doesn’t belong to “palestiniens” I can give/show SEVERAL scriptures in the Bible to where Israel was given a deed and ownership to that land by God way before “Palestine” existed! And way before all these new countries/nations we see today came into existence…..

  14. The State of Israel was established by first uprooting,and then displacing 400,000 indigineous people that had lived on the land for centuries and that were basically told one day that the UN member states had voted to move them out of the area to allow for the formation of new State of Israel, and that they had a few days to pack everything up before being herded away and resettled in new and unfamiliar land hundreds of miles away and without the option of returning as their land was handed over to Israel, leaving the Palestinians fractured, bewildered, confused and unfamiliar with their new surroundings in one of the greatest injustices and human rights tragedies in recent history.
    And although they were able to maintain about 50% of the land mass within the Israeli border, after the 6 day war in '"67" Israel claimed all of the land within the borders as captured enemy territory during the conflict that they felt they were entitled to own and annex.

  15. Sorry Vox, you are totally wrong about your history, you see through what the USA dictated to you what to say, I've never heard that kind of explanation, I tried to convince myself to put some logic on your explanation but simply you have to leave the history behind you, Vive Palestine free

  16. This passport is valid for all countries of world accept Israel…did you see Pakistani passport
    Proud to be a Pakistani

  17. Stop teaching hate to kids and learn to accept each other then the land will heal and nobody will have to make a video. Get over it, life isn’t. About YOU

  18. Sad that the British spent centuries on colonizing countries, and at last they get nothing. 😂😂
    Nothing for hardwork!

  19. Completion of Israel is the End of world.
    According the Quran.(At the End of time we(Allaha) gathered all Jews on the sacred land(Plasticine))

    No one stop them to build a Temple of Solemn.Israel destroy or destabilize the every country of middle east that can enable to create resistance.

  20. The has never been a nation by the name of "palestine" amongs the muslim arabs. The Quram prohibits muslim arabs to dwell in that country, because it says that Allah gave the country to the Children of Israel, so, any muslim arab living in Israel is not obeying Allah.

  21. Israel attacked the Arab nations in 1967 . Watch The General's Son video in which he exposes that his father an Israel General where pushing the Prime Minister to start a war when the Arabs were unprepared, They attacked at tea time surprising the Arabs and they stole more land.

  22. Whatever explanation Israel gives is always a concocted ethics which only applies to them. China and every tyrannical regime is emboldened because of the Jews occupying Palestine 🇵🇸 stating that if the Jews can have special ethics unabated , then why can't we. Thank you Israel and your friends for ruining the whole world just because you cannot accept that Judaism is dead. There is nothing left of it except a political movement called zionism which is basically funded by the roschilds and their millenniums of war usury; a front to control the middleeast oil by Nuclear bullying. What you gonna do when nukes become obsolete. You better hurry up with your gentile genocide before people figure out what your upto.

    Egyptian Man , Muslim and orginal Child of Israel

  23. Maybe it's a good idea to fully incorporate West Bank into Israel, with Palestinians getting not only full citizenship and voting rights, but also a limited autonomy for their communities, their own cultural means (like in Belgium – you have Walloon and Flemish cultural communities), of course everything engraved in the Israeli constitution.

  24. Never trust a muslum ! They are of satan ! I know for a fact ! Build it yourself muzzles ! Not Israel ! Pay, and build ! You never,ever did !

  25. The first thing you notice about the 1948 map was that the divisioned areas were not logical physically- there were divisions between masses of each ethnicity. It didn't make sense. How could each group have a country or territory shaped like those?

  26. Palestine look israel wants peace on you but instead of agreeing this negotiation, you wage war against Israel this causing you LOST your LAND which is not really yours after 3,700 years.

  27. 6:10 They (Palestinians) have to stop at check points because some of them are entering Israel to cause a terrorist attacks

  28. Hitler views about Jews were 100% right especially his last sentence that world will know my decision which I left 10 % jews alive. Now its proved correct.

  29. This is what the MSM don't want you to see BRAVE CHRISTIANS risking their lives in London exposing the hate & lies of islam. . Subscribe to    dcci ministries      on youtube
    for the truth.

  30. All I know is the 📖 Bible is really old. It speaks of the land of Israel. Before my time but no one will forget the horror of Hitler's hate of the Jews that was voiced in the Final Solution of extermination. So I a Catholic side with Israel of " never again " and as a reason why the UN recognized Israeli statehood. The Palestinians need to do some soul searching because Hamas and Hezbollah have none. Peace

  31. belongs to the ottomans the times all people lived in peace every faith together in peace ,

    give it back to the Turks


  33. Assimilation in motion. But first take away the rights of the Palestinians. Then their property. Hmmm Israel is taking a page from the Germans history of the 1930's. It goes on. Persecuted becomes the persecutor. But out in the open for all to see this time.  .

  34. 7:20 "It's getting harder and harder [for a 2-state solution because of all the settlements]" It's not getting harder. Just go with the original boundaries, and Israel can leave the settlers alone — who will then become citizens of Palestine, subject to its law — and pull its military back to within the internationally-recognized borders. That's the "do nothing and let them fend for themselves" solution.

  35. What about all the jewish settler terrorism?? How did they get all that land? Why did they immigrate from USA and Europe to a land that never belonged to them?? Why do they keep calling palestinians terrorists when Israel is the biggest terrorist on the planet? Why are all israeli settlers armed to the teeth with guns?

  36. Thanks for the Video I still need to see this video again to understand the map I have just once view of this video.. I just feel this is really in-human what going on between Israeli and Palestinian. I feel only bad thing that happen was Palestinian not agree to have 2 state for each of them, had paid back to them.. if partition would have take place of 2 state in 1948 itself. then there have been different story today.

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