Is Capitalism Bad For You? – 8-Bit Philosophy



هل الرأس مالية مضرة لك؟ تخيل نفسك عامل تحصد الفجل في حقل، ومن واجبك زيادة الإنتاج وربما أنت قلق بشأن الحفاظ علي منصبك الوظيفي. وربما أيضا قلق من أن عاملون اخرون يجدوا في العمل أكثر منك والشيء المهم هو : يجب عليك حصد المزيد من الفجل. لا يمكنك التوقف الآن، مهما كان السبب. من أين قد يأتي هذا القلق؟ طبقاً لعالم الاجتماع كارل إميل ماكسيميليان " ماكس فيبر" الرأسمالية الحديثة تختلف عن نظرية ماركس فالعمال ليسوا فقط مغتربين لكنهم عبيد لعملية تجردهم من أنسانيتهم بالنسبة لفيبر الرأسمالية هي قفص حديدي يسبب للعمال قلق معيق وكل هذا من اجل تكديس الأرباح. في عام 1904 نشر كتاب الأخلاق البروتستانتية وروح الرأسمالية يعبر عن محاولة فيبر لشرح ان رأسمالية أميركا نمت من مجموعة محددة من المعتقدات تسمى الكالفينية كما ترى، المعتقد البروتستانتي يدعو للعمل كوسيلة لإظهار التمجيد للرب الكالفينية لا تدعو فقط للعمل، لكنهم مدفعون بالخوف من اللعن الأبدي وهذا بالطبع يسبب بعض القلق العميق محاصراً بتوقعات رئيس العمل، عاملاً للانتهاء قبل الموعد النهائي. معانية لتغطية النفقات، مكافحة لأجل الخلاص اليومي … الرأسمالية تخلق القلق بداخلها الكالفنية تؤمن بالقدر أو فكرة ان قلة من الناس هم المختارون من قبل الإله لعبور البوابات الذهبية للنعيم. بينما بقية العالم محكوم عليهم بالجحيم الأبدي. وفي سبيل تأمين الخلاص، الكلفانيون يعملون بلا كلل، إلى الأبد، بدون عائد ضخم لأن خلاصهم على المحك. ويستعرضون لجيرانهم أن الله اصْطَفَاهم من خلال العمل الدؤوب والممارسة. العيش تحت ضغط الكلفانية في مجتمع رأس مالي يجعل القيام صباحاً يومياً للعمل أمر غاية في الصعوبة في الرأسمالية الحديثة يوجد حقيقة مشابهة : اعمل بجد، وسيتم مكافئتك بسخاء انها تطبيق الشعار القائل " التقط نفسك قبل رباط حذائك " عن طريق الكالفينية، الرأسمالية وجدت العامل المثالي. تفاني البروتستانتية في الدعوة إلى العمل من أجل تمجيد الإله. خلق البيئة ومهد الطريق لقوى عاملة ساعية إلى المكافأة الأبدية ومع الوقت الممارسات المقدسة للكلفانية : العمل الجاد، مقاومة الذات، الممارسات الروتينية، الكفاءة، انعدام وجود الراحة أصبحت كلها السمات الأساسية لأخلاقية العمل الغربية. وهذا يفسر لماذا الأمريكان يعملون لساعات طويلة واجازات قليلة … استراحات غذاء قصيرة. وجعلوا يوم الأحد للراحة. انها التوقعات العلمانية لقوة عاملة ذات مبادئ دينية فإن كانت الأشباح هي بقايا كائنات سابقة، فإن البروتستانتية تطارد الرأسمالية الحديثة لقد علقنا مع بقايا الخوف الديني من اللعن حسنا مشاهدي العزيز، إذا كان "الله يساعد هؤلاء من يساعدون انفسهم" فمن إذا هؤلاء الذين تساعدهم الرأسمالية الحديثة؟ ترجمة: فريق أترجم [email protected]




Comments
  1. Neoliberal capitalism is absolutely bad for you. Capitalism has produced some great things but people overstate the "majesty" of capitalism and free markets to the point where it's basically a godless religion.

  2. Wow dumb ass protestant …on the move ….jonny Calvin and his buddy hobes ….puritan witches ….lmao 4 bit clips you mean …post this in the group Henry got ate the whole turkey

  3. People that dislike this video are having free lunch in financial or real estate capitalism, true parasites.

  4. There’s one big problem with the idea of capitalism as an offshoot of Calvinism: capitalism is inherently godless.
    This was outlined by Rand in her Objectivist philosophy—man works for his own benefit, not for the benefit of a god or gods, not for the benefit of his fellow men.

    Capitalism’s main root is the notion that the individual should (RIGHTFULLY) receive the most benefit from his or her work….or in the words of BioShock’s Randian instigator Andrew Ryan “Is a man not entitled to the sweat of his brow?”

  5. What isn't being accounted for is that one can work hard for oneself. One doesn't have to be exploited by other people if the wage doesn't allow a person to make a subsistence. The reason people risked their lives in factories and became "workers" during the industrial revolution was because it was worth more to them to do that than subsistence farming. But there's no reason why we can't still go back to subsistence farming if subsistence farming is a better use of our time than working for minimum wage. Or make YouTube videos with ads in them.

    The only problem being described here is that of those who want the value someone else is producing and aren't willing to do anything for them for it. That can be accomplished by outright theft of their goods or by convincing enough people that it's unfair to have to want what someone else has for nothing and not get it. The reason God commands work isn't because he's cruel and wants to make people exploitable slaves in factories making nothing. It's because the alternative to work is theft or organized covetousness that incites people to organized theft.

  6. you made a poor summary of calvinism and theology of works.
    1) calvinists do not believe that salvation is by works
    2) calvinists do not have pressure of maintaining their salvation
    3) the theology of work comes after salvation- calling or of vocation.
    4) predestination gave peasants the hope since they can be elect too, as opposed to the roman catholic view of salvation wherein the rich are the only ones who can buy indulgences to make it easier for them to go to heaven.

  7. I think that for most people, the easiest summary of this philosophies is that Capitalism is a disgusting system and dehumanizes people, but the communist party either falls from its values or fails to overthrow the system so you may as well live and try to reform/socialism the system.

  8. There is so much wrong with this video but it's already been deep bond so I'm not even gonna bother. Little word of advice begin to try to Tell people about how good or bad it is

  9. I believe that anyone can move up though society though hard work and detonation that's why I'm a capitalist. yes I have fears and anxieties about work but I know it's all for the greater good of society. although I've never hade a real job I only have an internship but I still work hard and do the best I can do.

  10. Before watching the video, I'm just going to say this: I don't know if capitalism is good or bad for us, I just know it is appropriate for us.

  11. good luck giving anything to someone that does nothing, so if you think working for a reward is wrong, then if I want potatoes I should not plant them? I should not water them? what its your option mr communist, because im not gonna pray for my potatoes, nor there are autonomous robots that are going to do the field work for me, really whats the alternative communism proposes because i really dont understand it,

  12. This video is super retarded… "who does modern capitalism help?" Literally anyone according to freedom and quality of life indices

  13. How did this get so many likes? It's a load of vapid nonsense. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FiF_1QJ_g5o

  14. When you don't know what capitalism is, but that's ok, because you don't know what philosophy is either.

  15. Ugh, so terrible. The anxiety commonly attributed to capitalism doesn’t come from capitalism, but from the natural and unavoidable fact that we are organisms locked in competition for finite resources. Work or die is how life works. Capitalism has actually made life MUCH much easier.

  16. Life is suffering this was discovered 2500 years ago, no matter what economic path we take someone always suffers, all but the elites

  17. I think you forget the part where Weber says that protestants prefer to eat well while catholics prefer to sleep well.
    Capitalism suits protestants because they can see a factual proof of their prosperity, seing that their work gets rewarded. Catholics see work as a necesary evil, they prefer work just enought to survive and lack motivation to working more.

  18. I hear this argument a lot from people who say capitalism is morally wrong: ‘It’s unfair that there are billionaires like bill gates while millions of people are starving’ or ‘the top 1% hold 80% of the wealth’, they imply that capitalists took the money from poor people, this isn’t true because the way people get rich in a capitalist society is by an enormous amount of voluntary transactions. Bill gates didn’t force homeless people to buy Microsoft, people mostly in the middle and upper class gave bill gates voluntarily money for a product. You cannot forcibly take the money away from him just because a lot of people wanted to give him that money. That would be morally wrong. Rich people who participated in a free market are not responsible for people being poor, in fact they help them by creating jobs for them to get even richer.

  19. Capitalism is an issue where you can be charged for inherently free things like land or water. Capitalism has an issue when ur country's armed forces goes overseas to make a country trade with them or gets a leader of that country assassinated because they won't trade. Capitalism is a problem when ur country still benefits from slave labor aka prison. Yes prison is slavery, if mad, fight me. Capitalism is a problem when land can be completely owned by one or a few, forcing many others to work for them, and forcing those without that resource to have to settle for those set wages. Even if those wages are lower than the cost of living.

    Any job is at risk if the employer finds efficiency through technology or fewer ppl. Not everyone benefits from capitalism even in this country. There are places in this country that have contaminated water like Flint. There are places where poverty is rampant in the US. Economists talk about the "over saturation" of the job market and degree inflation. There aren't enough positions in hospitals where everyone with a med degree can get hired and make 400k and above a year. And that Doctor setting up a business might not be lucrative depending on where they are. Especially when they have a 300k loan with interest.

    Many ppl, usually of color, are denied grants and loans daily to set up their own businesses. Even when they set up their own businesses…they can still fail. Wasted borrowed money and ur in a hole of debt. Why in a capitalistic society where ppl are supposed to work for most of their lives do we have a government, that pays government officials for 2 yrs of work for the rest of their lives above the national average, which is supposedly 50k a year? Why does the government subsidize some businesses and not others. But no hand outs?

    Inflation is getting worse every year and the cost of living is going up. When there are millions of ppl that aren't gonna be needed for millions of jobs in the future…what are they gonna do?
    Even lawyers are having issues with employment because unless ur hired by a corporation, for a job, ur useless. In Japan lawyers have a hard time because Japanese don't sue each other like U.S. American citizens do. What if our culture takes a turn and becomes like theirs, and many stop suing and look for other means of settlement? If there's a pill that cures all illnesses and ailments instantly, what are doctors gonna suddenly do?

    People can rise through the ranks, if their jobs have that opportunity, and if that person is liked. People talk all the time about how unfair this world is until you talk against their beloved capitalism.

  20. My username is so obnoxiously long and there is absolutely nothing you can do about the matter says:

    This channel (who is a left wing hack) pretends to be bipartisan in his videos. #ShutItDown

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