Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) Liberation | Wikipedia audio article


The Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist)
Liberation is a communist political party in India. CPI(ML) Liberation is a faction of the 1970s
CPI(ML). It has presence in several states of the country
where it operates through various mass organisations (workers, farmers, women, youth, student unions).==History==
In 1973 the original Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) CPI(ML) was split, with
one group led by Sharma and another by Mahadev Mukherjee. Vinod Mishra initially belonged to Mukherjee’s
party, but he and the Burdwan Regional Committee broke with Mukherjee in September 1973. Mishra sought contact with the Sharma group,
but the Burdwan Regional Committee was later divided and Mishra denounced the political
line of Sharma (a critique, which amongst other things, called for the formation of
open mass organizations, a move that almost constituted a heresy in the CPI(ML) movement
at the time).In 1974 Mishra came into contact with Subrata Dutta (Jauhar), a leader of armed
struggle in the plain areas of Bihar. On 28 July 1974 (the second death anniversary
of Charu Majumdar) a new party Central Committee was formed with Jauhar as General Secretary
and Mishra and Swadesh Bhattacharya (Raghu) as members. The reorganized party became known as the
‘anti-Lin Biao’ group (whilst the faction of Mahadev Mukherjee constituted the ‘pro-Lin
Biao’ group). The anti-Lin Biao group became known as the
CPI(ML) Liberation.Mishra served as West Bengal secretary of the new party organization. Under Mishra’s leadership new dalams (guerilla
squads) were formed. In November 1975 Jauhar was killed in the
midst of Lal Sena activities. Mishra became the new party General Secretary
in a reorganized five-member Central Committee. Mishra organized a second party congress,
held clandestinely in the rural areas of Gaya district in February 1976. The congress unanimously re-elected Mishra
as General Secretary.===Reorientation and rectification===
Mishra was the political architect of the process of re-orientation of CPI(ML) Liberation. By 1976 the party had adopted a position that
armed struggle would be combined with building a broad anti-Congress democratic front movement. The process further elaborated through an
internal rectification process initiated in late 1977. Party study circles and party schools were
started from central to block level of the party structure. The theory of two line tactics started to
develop. In 1981 party tried to unify the other splintered
ML factions. The party organised a unity meet with 13 ML
factions to form a unified leading core . But the initiative was a failure.====The IPF====
In the early 1980s CPI(ML) Liberation began building an open non-party mass movement (in
direct to the original policy of CPI(ML)), the Indian People’s Front (founded in April
1982). Nagbhushan Patnaik became the president of
IPF. The construction of IPF, through which the
underground party could develop links to other democratic forces on the basis of a popular,
democratic and patriotic programme, was based on interventions by Mishra. However although Mishra broke with the dogmas
of the early CPI(ML), he never renounced Charu Majumdar’s legacy.In the third party congress
it was decided that IPF will participate in parliamentary elections. In 1989 IPF’s Rameshwar Prasad won the loksabha
seat from Ara (Bhojpur). In 1990, IPF won 7 seats from Bihar Legislative
Assembly. Special initiatives taken for restructuring
the party and open up. IPF hold its first rally on 8 October 1990
in Delhi.====The ASDC====
In 1985, the party launched People’s democratic Front (PDF) in Karbi Anglong district of Assam
which won a seat in state assembly. In 1987 PDF was transformed to Autonomous
State Demand Committee (ASDC). A sustained mass movement by ASDC help it
to sweep district council elections in 1989. In 1981, ASDC’s Jayanta Rongpi became a MP
in Parliament. In 1996, ASDC was able to send its five-member
group in Assam assembly as MLA. In 1992, after the Fifth party congress(Held
in Kolkata), the party comes out in the open from its underground status. Mishra was re-elected General Secretary of
the party at the sixth congress of CPI(ML) Liberation in Varanasi in October 1997.==Present==The Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist)
Liberation, led by Dipankar Bhattacharya is a surviving faction of the CPI (M-L). Liberation has established legal overground
structures (trade unions, student groups, peasant organisations etc.) and participates
in elections. In the Lok Sabha elections in 1999 the party
won 0.3% of the votes and one seat (the former ASDC-seat from Assam). In the 2004 elections the seat was lost, mainly
due to a split within ASDC. As of 2016, the party has been able to send
its representatives to the state legislative assemblies of Bihar and Jharkhand as well
as the panchayats of Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, and Punjab.==Publications==
The English-language publication of the party is Liberation, and thus the party is called
CPI(ML) Liberation. Apart from Liberation, the party publishes
a central Hindi weekly organ, Samkaleen Lokyuddh. Some state party committees publish their
own organs, like the weekly Ajker Deshabrati in West Bengal, Nabasphulinga in Tripura,
Teeppori in Tamil Nadu, Telugu Liberation in Andhra Pradesh, Kannada Liberation in Karnataka,
Samkali Lok Morcha in Punjab, etc.==Mass organizations==
The main mass organizations of the party are: Revolutionary Youth Association (RYA)
All India Students Association (AISA) All India Agricultural Labour Association
(AIALA) All India Peasants’ Coordination Committee
All India Central Council of Trade Unions (AICCTU)
All India Progressive Women’s Association (AIPWA)
Autonomous State Demand Committee (ASDC)==States=====
Bihar===The party has a longstanding conflict with
the feudal landlords since the beginning of CPI(ML). Siwan, Bhojpur, Arrah are the citadel of CPI(ML)
movement.====Bihar Legislative assembly Election 2015
====CPI(ML) Liberation emerged as the third largest
party in Bihar Legislative Assembly Election 2015. The party contested jointly along with CPI,
CPI(M), RSP, Forward block, and SUCI(C) as a third alternative to the National Democratic
Alliance and the Mahagathbandhan of Lalu Prasad Yadav and Nitish Kumar. The party won three seats from Siwan district
(Satyadeo Ram from Darauli ), Katihar district ( Mahbub Alam from Balrampur) and Bhojpur
District (Sudama Prasad from Tarari) each. The party has a vote percentage of 1.5% in
the state. All the left parties together have a vote
percentage of 3.59%.===Jharkhand===Since the separation of Jharkhand from Bihar
important places like Ranchi, Dhanbad, Giridih, Koderma, Jamtada and others have been field
of work of the party. In Jharkhand the party is the representative
of regional adivasis who have conflicts with corporates and government against improper
land seizure without proper rehabilitation. The party also has conflicts with the local
coal mafias.====Jharkhand Panchayat Election 2015====
In Giridih district the party emerged as the single largest party and won 11 zila Parishad
seats during the panchayat election of 2015.====Jharkhand Legislative Assembly Election
2014====The party contested in cooperation with state
left parties like Marxist Coordination Centre(MCC), CPI, and CPI(M) as an alternative to the BJP
and INC led alliances. The party won one seat from Giridih district
(Rajkumar Yadav from Dhanwar). The party got 1.5% of vote in the state. All the left parties together got 2.5% vote
in the state.===Punjab===
The party here represents the landless dalit labourers through the Mazdoor Mukti Morcha
which is affiliated to AIALA. The Green revolution mechanised the agriculture
since the rule of Indira Gandhi. But the landless remained land less.====The Malwa Uprising====
In 2009 there was a land siege by the landless farmers in the Malwa region which includes
Singrur, Mansa, Bhatinda under the leadership of the CPI(ML) Liberation.This was as a result
of unprovided free land as was promised by the ruling parties as per Punjab Land Consolidation
and Fragmentation act of 1961. The protesters struck a deal with the government
to legally allot them lands as per provisions within three months. The government demanded immediate vacation
of the sieged lands. The famers did not agree which led to a government
crackdown on May 21




Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *