Communist Manifesto 1/10



manifesto of the Communist Party by Karl Marx and Friedrich angles a Spectre is haunting Europe the spectre of communism all the powers of old Europe have entered into a holy alliance to exercise the specter poppins our meta Nick and Guido French radicals and German police spies where is the party in opposition that has not been decried as communistic by its opponents in power where is the opposition that has not held back the branding reproach of communism against the more advanced opposition parties as well as against its reactionary adversaries two things result from this fact first communism is already acknowledged by all European powers to be itself a power second it is high time communists should openly in the face of the whole world publish their views their aims their tendencies and meets this nursery tale of the spectre of communism with a manifesto of the party itself to this end communists of various nationalities have assembled in London and sketched the following manifesto to be published in the english french german italian flemish and danish languages section 1 bourgeois and proletarians the history of all hitherto existing societies is the history of class struggles freeman and slave patrician and plebeian Lord and serf Guildmaster and journeyman in a word oppressor and oppressed stood in constant opposition to one another carried on an uninterrupted now hidden now open fight a fight that each time ended either in the revolutionary reconstitution of society at large or in the common ruin of the contending classes in the earlier epochs of history we find almost everywhere a complicated arrangement of society into various orders a manifold gradation of social rank in ancient Rome we have patricians Knights plebeians slaves in the Middle Ages feudal lords vassals guild masters journeyman apprentices serfs in almost all of these classes again subordinate gradations the modern bourgeois society that has sprouted from the ruins of feudal society has not done away with class antagonisms it has been established at new classes new conditions of oppression new forms of struggle in place of the old ones our epoch the epoch of the bourgeoisie possesses however this distinctive feature it has simplified the class antagonisms society as a whole is more and more splitting up into two great hostile camps into two great classes directly facing each other bourgeoisie and proletariat from the serfs of the Middle Ages sprang the chartered burghers of the earliest towns from these Burgesses the first elements of the bourgeoisie were developed the discovery of America the rounding of the Cape opened up fresh ground for the rising bourgeoisie the East Indian and Chinese markets the colonisation of America trade with the colonies the increase in the means of exchange and in commodities generally gave to commerce to navigation to industry an impulse never before known and thereby to the revolutionary element in the tottering feudal society a rapid development the feudal system of Industry under which industrial production was monopolized by closed guilds now no longer sufficed for the growing wants of the new markets the manufacturing system took its place the guild masters were pushed on one side by the manufacturing middle-class division of labor between the different corporate guilds vanished in the face of division of labor in each single workshop meantime the markets kept ever-growing demand ever rising even manufacturer no longer sufficed thereupon steam and machinery revolutionised industrial production the place of manufacture was taken by the giant modern industry the place of the industrial middle-class by industrial millionaires the leaders of the whole industrial armies the modern bourgeois modern industry has established the world market for which the discovery of America paved the way this market has given an immense development to commerce to navigation to communication by land this development has in its time reacted on the extension of industry and in proportion as industry Commerce navigation railways extended in the same proportion the bourgeoisie developed increased its capital and pushed into the background every class handed down from the Middle Ages we see therefore how the modern bourgeois is itself the product of a long course of development of a series of revolutions in the modes of production and of exchange each step in the development of the bourgeoisie was accompanied by a corresponding political advance of that class an oppressed class under the sway of the feudal nobility an armed and self-governing Association in the medieval commune here independent urban republic as in italy in germany their taxable further state of the monarchy as in france afterwards in the period of manufacture proper serving over the semi-feudal or the absolute monarchy as a counterpoint against the nobility and in fact cornerstone of the greater monarchies in general the bourgeoisie has at last since the establishment of modern industry and of the world-market conquered for itself in the modern representative state exclusive political sway the executive of the modern state is but a committee from managing the common affairs of the whole bourgeoisie the bourgeoisie historically has played a most revolutionary part the bourgeoisie wherever it has got the upper hand has put an end to all feudal patriarchal idyllic relations it has pitilessly torn asunder the motley feudal ties the bound men to his natural superiors and has left remaining know of a nexus between man and man than naked self-interest than callous cash payment it has drowned the most heavenly ecstasy's of religious fervor of chivalrous enthusiasm of Philistine sentimentalism in the icy waters of egotistical calculation it has resolved personal worth into exchange value and in place of the numberless and feasible chartered freedoms has set up that single unconscionable freedom free trade in one word for exploitation failed by religious and political allusions naked shameless direct brutal exploitation the bourgeoisie has stripped of its halo every occupation hitherto honoured and looked up to with reverent awe it has converted the physician the lawyer the priest the poet the man of science into its page wage labourers the bourgeoisie has torn away from the family it's sentimental veil and has reduced the family relation to a mere money relation the bourgeoisie has disclosed how it came to pass that the brutal display of vigor in the Middle Ages which reactionist so much admire found it's fitting compliment in the most slothful indolence it has been the first to show what man's activity can bring about it has accomplished wonders far surpassing Egyptian pyramids Roman aqueducts and Gothic cathedrals it has conducted expeditions that put in the shade or former exodus of nations and Crusades the bourgeoisie cannot exist without constantly revelry




Comments
  1. Now let's imagine automation. You use some machines (advanced ones, not todays) and put everyone out of work. Now you can't become rich. What to do? Why not have machines work and have the human populace earn their wages? What happens then?

  2. Capitalism ain't free, and communism (if you refer to retrocommunism) is too much a fantasy.

    We need some automation. Now that'll be freedom, 'less we screw it up and become a neo-feudalist cyberpunk dystopia.
    In that case, humanity, you just done fucked up.

  3. Actually, looking back at it, the Internet is a stateless, classless place where all are anonymous, no one's truly better than each other, and we all communicate telepathically.

    That sounds communist, but it isn't. It's, like, postcommunist. Transhumanist pretty much. No wonder there's so much porn.

  4. Capitalist in 25 years? So the same year we get AI (2029/2030) and thus begin ushering in some extreme technosticism, Scandinavia's gonna be ultracapitalist? Wow, are they gonna be screwed when the workers realize they can't find jobs because they've been automated and the rich can't reap their profits off the now unemployed uberpoor.

  5. So um… HOLY SHIT. I've made a surprising discovery: communism is inevitable. Yeah, no matter which way you slice it, by social revolution or technological evolution, we're all going to be or have to be communist at least by the 2040s. If capitalism doesn't give way by 2025, then it has to deal with its own self: automation. Automation is a natural growth of capitalism, and, post-luddite fallacy, it kinda… kills its momma. It's called technosticism, where automation=working class

  6. ….BWAHAHA… If Obama is a communist, he's the sorriest communist I've ever seen.
    I don't think Americans realize this, but, you see, the Democratic party is center-right, compared to the rest of the world. Even Japan and the UK, both of which being arguably more conservative than the US.
    You say "Thou shall not steal" but conveniently leave out "thou shalt not covet" Capitalism doesn't work without it.

    Not that any of it matters anyway; I'd rather be a capitalist. At least, until 2029… ;D

  7. how can you be christian & communist , thou shall not steal………. dont worry one of your comrades is in the white house

  8. i enjoy the luxuries and debauchery of free market so i could never support communism. also, it is foolish to assume all people are "equal" we can't have geniuses earning the same wage as bumbling gas station clerks it gives people nothing to strive for. that said, the hammer and sickle is one of the coolest looking flags of all time

  9. Communists try to abolish the free market, but if people were less selfish, the free market would be the optimal communist system. The communist government "tries" to share wealth around, but it can't because it has destroyed all wealth and all decentralized administrative systems. How does it know who needs what (hint: there are more things than food)? And centralized rules for all of society does not work, because there would be too many rules. Also power corrupts.

  10. marx had some great ideals though some ideals were unfair and idealistic other than that i think marx was a great man.

  11. Communism is a great government but the socialist movement ruins it in the Soviet Union the socialism lasted to long and that's what caused the problem

  12. Wow, a scholar and a control freak. I'll certainly be more humble now that Professor McGonagall took 5 points on account of my insolent tongue.

    Find an accent ignorant? As a linguist, this does not compute. And, also, as an individual with siblings who live abroad, including an Arab Spring country, I can tell you that discussing privilege and class warfare is STILL subversive in the world.

    But, thanks for giving me grief about having an opinion. I bet you feel great.

  13. Knew a kid in JrHi that could recite the entire Communist Manifesto in one long belch. Upon completion he blew Karl Marx out of his nose and left Engels in the toilet. Talented kid he was, think he went on to get a gig with the DNC.

  14. seriously, this guy's accent grates on me. mad respect for your work here, dude, and i get you're british, but i find it insufferable when y'all replace 'th' with 'f'. sorry, but, i'd rather here an american read this. wouldn't that be more subversive, anyway?

  15. SOOO?! which american political party! loves marxism/ communism socialism etc/?! of course democrats #10 take over the public scrool chirins and inure them into being godless hate filled liberals!

  16. Most of Africa is capitalist. The reason they starve is due to taking out LOANS FROM BANKERS (who want to make profit by the way) and demand ridiculous interest they have to pay back. And im not saying profit is all that bad, its the pursuit of profit which has lead us to level 90% of rainforests, extinct plenty of animals, allow a third of the world to be in poverty, allow homeless people to walk the streets. All in the name of private corporations wanting profit.

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