Class and crime

okay this is a screencast on social class and crime and first of all different types of crime got blue collar crimes so this is working class crime dominantly licious theft petty law level okay no crimes this is often in the public view and this is what marketers argue and is easier sparked hence why we have higher rate of crime and working-class people so I can tell you chrome is white-collar crime and this is crimes committed and it could be by companies or could be by individuals within companies this is higher level crimes such as fraud our health and safety types of crime this is often hidden because it's hard I see this kind of thing somehow actually happening on the street and these are often also dealt with by agencies rather than and criminally so the Health and Safety Executive will look into health and safety acts and anything can came Trading Standards issues rather than the police action getting involved in looking at this an example of this would be a Gerald ransom who basically lied about profit and during a Guinness flotation Guinness drink and in terms of shares so that his am basically shares skyrocketed because profits were were lied about and he was found to be guilty of this best thing about Jerrod Brunson is that years later managed to get a CPA of the Queen isn't that nice okay some explanations then so marketers believe that and it's deprivation and alienation through capitalism sore alienation of working-class people because no one really cares about them the police don't care about them the politicians don't care about them they feel individual and marginalized in society this is one of the reasons why they commit crime also its deprivation working-class have less money and in a society which demands they have more money to survive so you have to turn to crime and Gordon believes that it's a dog-eat-dog world and this meets agreed and this can be used to explain both and lower-level working-class crimes but also middle-class white-collar crimes we can use men strain theory in terms of the goals and means for the goals of society legitimate ways of achieving these because we don't have the means for education and work to achieve these going state is frustration obviously and so that's about deprivation it's more about culture so because maybe we are seen negatively because we were working class or would live in bad areas etc it's not necessarily about being deprived it's about the lack of opportunity because of who we are in terms of working class and family and young talk about relative deprivation and marginalization so the idea that we see ourselves against others and because of this we will go on to commit crime to ensure that we are keeping up with the Joneses so more contemporary sociological explanations of recent ones as I go over and in 2010 believe that it was inequality poverty and exclusion these were the key three things exclusion from society and poverty within society and also inequality towards working-class and this is all about material deprivation and the fact that we don't have and because we don't have we can't be included within society and this helps us explain utilitarian crime and the Equality trust in 2011 and looked into the ideas between inequality and serious violent crime which helps us understand why maybe utility at non-utilitarian crime happens that they found that there was a big big link between inequalities in society based on your class and the frustration that you have and this leads to serious violent crime even the idea that you because you don't have a lot of money and you've got much stress and strain of living day to day hand-to-mouth and this leads to more serious violent crimes both in the home and also out on the streets some cultural explanations to this rather than just deprivation and Marxist suggests that there's a direct link between the area that you live in and the crimes you commit so or certain areas that you will commit more crimes than others Miller believes that this is an idea of survival and it's a socialized regeneration that you know working-class people have to be tough they have to be street smart to survive and it's these four core con vocal concerns being the idea of what that kind of subculture and it was central to that subculture and and how this leads you can link this in with ethnicity as well that you know the what is the for call central concern of ethnic subcultures or females for instance about being caring but being streetwise being hard being tough excitement etc and this leads to police attention because toughness acting streetwise these are the things that police say most often and they can easily spot and identify so this movies corner Mela is one of the reasons why there's such high working-class crime because police are aware of these kind of things and Maury believes that there's a dependency culture lots of Rison charles murray the socialization that creates these cultural differences or working-class people tend to come what are more likely to come from single-parent families broken homes and it's this lack of a role model lack of respect for authority like a respect for hard work lack of discipline which need working-class people to commit crime this is ideal criminalization of the working class that actually won't class don't commit more crime it's just that they are perceived as more criminal by authorities such as the police such as and the criminal justice system and this could be down to the fact that we live in society by the set middle-class norms and values and because we can't meet these then that is one of the reasons why we are targeted by the criminal justice system Chambliss carried out a study which looked at st. and Roughnecks now Essenes and we're getting away with bad things drinking on streets low-level crimes but because their parents were middle-class parents are partially more well-known we got away with it where the Roughnecks were more working-class and these were very much targeted more by the police this helps us understand that the labeling in stereotyping is based on class bias and new-build and rayna and also cruel believes that the police decision-making is key that all classes commit crimes it's just that the working class or more visible and these are the crimes of the poor and police go to areas where there's the usual suspects of the sacrum happens in a warehouse they're not going to start looking them and like in offices and and warehouses they're going to start looking on the street to work in class areas and this is the idea of the usual suspects this also helps us understand I suppose why more working-class people are convicted because they're higher risk of reoffending according to the criminal justice system so they're more likely to be prosecuted in sentence and also and what crawled found was that parental status and the area I lived in has a high impact on whether or not you are prosecuted so even if you are arrested they look at your parental status in the background this links in with Chambliss and the idea of scenes and you're more likely to be prosecuted and sent to prison if you come from a broken home and also a law deprived area so this suggests that the stereotyping and elitism within the criminal justice system in terms of higher class crime the question is are higher classes actually committing less crime well it's harder to know really statistics sure that they are committing less crime but maybe it's because it's harder to tech because of the type of crime so it might be cyber crime or it might be fraud which is really difficult to look for it's one the police as well resources for police are spent not on finding white-collar crime even though it's a worse type of crime you know billions and billions of pounds worth of fraud how we're paying against maybe some low-level street crime where you've robbed someone for a 100 pound please spend more time look at most types of crimes and this is one of the issues that marks as have you see tombs and white believes that there's enormous economical political and social powers at work and that the more economical political and social power you have the more likely you are to get a river crime and even if you're cold then you're more likely to get away with caution rather than actually go into prison there are obviously exceptions to this higher level ones you know ones that we see in the media because they want to make the public moral entrepreneurs want to make the public believer actually are doing something about these crimes for in terms of how many are committed it's you know it's kind of a drop in the ocean really doesn't mention before one call enforcement agencies rather than police prosecute such as Health and Safety and treating standards and things like that so hopefully that's at explained a little bit about why it's differences in working class and higher class crime get just

  1. Hi your video helped me a lot.
    Can you suggest me some books where they will talk about the theories which you explained in your presentation

  2. Hi Stephen, I'm currently studying criminology and your videos have helped me a lot. You give a good explanation! Could you please do a video about institutional racism and the police. Thank you

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