Building Utopia Under Fire: Anarchists of the Spanish Civil War



HOLA乡亲, 这个月是西班牙内战的开始80周年。 西班牙内战是在许多方面,一个黑暗的序幕,将在1939年席卷欧洲和世界的矛盾。 许多人都记得西班牙内战在当时的电力由弗朗西斯科·佛朗哥和民主/共产主义的共和党领导的法西斯民族主义之间的斗争。 然而,有三分之一,少想起,派,在那场战争。 由共和党和法西斯一样针对性的组。 人谁相信没有政府一样,没有政府。 这是我在这里说说今天的人们。 而正在共和党和法西斯之间打响了第一炮,另一场革命正在发生:员工在全国各地进行了反抗他们的老板。 在像加泰罗尼亚,阿拉贡,安达卢西亚,并围绕瓦伦西亚地区的部分地方,工人们走上对经济的控制。 在一些地方,如加泰罗尼亚,经济的75%,结束了反叛人员的控制之下,他们对发生冲突严阵以待共和国的共产党共和党控制的地区。 那么究竟什么会出现这种工人的接管是什么样子? 工厂成为合作社,由工人组成的委员会运行。 农场变得集体化,变成无政府主义的公社。 即使是理发店,餐馆和酒店是由谁抛出了老板的工人篡夺。 该工人造反为800万人民强。 在西班牙历史上最血腥的时期之一的中心,这些工人继续构建社会上很多嬉皮士的梦想。 但是,谁组织这场运动? 该Confederacion全国德尔特拉瓦霍,或劳动的国家联合会。 一个无政府主义者联盟和民兵与共和党松散联盟。 他们在联合会Anarquista伊比利亚,或伊比利亚无政府主义者联盟密切合作。 两组常常统称为所述CNT-FAI。 著名的英国作家乔治·奥威尔写在他的书中参拜加泰罗尼亚这个奇怪的革命。 他形容这是人们建设中的旧壳一个新的社会,这些人看似如何有效不顾惊叹是大家所谓的“人性”。 层次溶解,财富重新分配,以及人们与它的罚款。 真正站出来这个动作是一个工作自由主义的社会主义经济如何迅速发展和繁荣的。 它是基于水平,分散协调。 工业集体慷慨解囊他们可以,他们采取了从农业公社所需要的。 他们认为私有财产在本质上是专制的整个概念。 日内瓦教授安德烈Oltmares大学形容它是这样的: “在内战之中无政府主义者已经证明了自己是第一流的政治组织者。 他们在大家燃起责任所需的意识,知道如何通过雄辩的上诉,维持牺牲活精神,为人民的普遍福利。 作为一名社会民主党与我内心的喜悦和我在加泰罗尼亚经验由衷的敬佩在这里发言。 反资本主义的转变就发生在这里没有他们不必诉诸专政。 该集团的成员是自己的主人,并进行生产和劳动产品的自身管理下的配送,与技术专家于人,他们有信心的意见。 工人的积极性是如此之大,他们蔑视任何个人优势,只为所有的福利有关。“ 随着战争的血腥的一个月后一个月拖,工人的积极性也开始减少。 西班牙共产党成为共和党势力统治权威。 这个斯大林主义党的核心了,因为根据约瑟夫·斯大林的苏联外援共和党战争努力的最大来源。 对他们来说,战争不是革命的时间,目标是击败佛朗哥,不是资本主义。 这是对新斯大林主义的权威太直率组很快找到了他们的援助被切断。 在失去他们的援助的威胁,许多新的革命性的社区恢复到它战前的方式,在很大程度上是死了的时候佛朗哥在1939年出现了胜利。 我想与大家分享这个故事,因为西班牙内战通常由个月后而来的更大的战争黯然失色。 此外,当我们谈论历史战争中,它往往淹没了一切。 而在世界的这个角落,可怕的冲突中,一个不太可能的社会蓬勃发展,尽管每个人的有关经济,政治和人性假设。 这表明,多么短暂,使我们能够管理我们的社会在很多很多方面比今天的极其狭窄的意识形态承担。 我真的很想知道你们觉得这个小小的窗口,进入乌托邦的生活。 请务必让我知道你在想什么楼下。 分享这部影片,以帮助提高在互联网上的历史教育,当然,订阅更多望而却步。




Comments
  1. Hey folks,

    If you want to find out more about the Spanish Civil War, check out this short playlist from some great channels: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLnpoOo7lhNnHNiDWhZYb8HUFoPhFdvtz1

  2. I think there is a strong case of rose-tinted glasses here. Yes what happened was incredible but I think you have given an idealised view of Catalonia.

    There was a parliment and secret police and a whole bunch of state apparatus active. This shows that the organisation may have been "libertarian" but it was hardly anarchist.

  3. Anarcho-communism is a speed up of standard communism. Marx describes communism as a stateless society . Those states which we call Communist are socialist instead . Marx in fact sustained that the socialistic phase was needed before communism . 😘 (For who didn't know this)

  4. It's great that workers were able to take over when conditions were so bad, etc. and reform work, society and economy. Bit of a leap to talk about workers taking as some sort of universal solution applicable in any age. Utopia-schmopia. My boss is fine and I learn a lot from him. So is the police force and the checks and balances on power in place. I drive past an anarchist poster on the side of the road sometime, calling all police pigs. What a load of crap. Read about the lack of effective law enforcement in parts of the developing world and how the vulnerable are the first to suffer.

  5. 2:32 is this Paul Ryan? Serious mistake. People like Ryan are anarchocapitalists, they want fully unleashed capitalism with no state regulating it, it's a pretty stupid ideology and has nothing to do with libertarian anarchism, they just stole the words.

  6. 149 ancaps disliked this video. Must not be happy their child slaves escaped and got shot on their neighbor corporations property.

  7. we're gonna bring the commune back, and this time fascists will lose, and it won't just be in catalonia 🏴

  8. everywhere that anarchists try and build, Capitalists destroy it out of fear of losing their slaves. I hate Capitalism, and communism that is just a stepping stone to authoritarianism. The state won't magically dissolve and Marx was wrong.

  9. Kill all fascists, authoritarian communists and capitalists and call it a day. Fuck Franco, fuck Stalin and fuck all of the “communist” republicucks.

  10. This video doesn't mention one of the major flaws with the Catalonian socialism of the 1930s, and that is its anarchism.

    Without hierarchy there can be no law enforcement and no due process like what we have in modern societies. And when this happens, the natural response is to form makeshift militia and to have mob rule with issues related to crime, similar to how underfunded law enforcement in sub Saharan Africa works (with no checks and balances on corruption as well).

    Perhaps the ideologues at the time romanticised how good life was in Catalonia back then, but I suspect if you asked the victims of these mobs how well it worked I suspect they'd paint a different picture.

  11. Proud anarchist with no regrets! we are not your enemies unless you are a right and left wing facsit. Fuck you cowardly parasites picking on the average man and women and their pockets clean , and all for what? look at what your statism has brought us? your proudest moments for sure.

  12. Franko wasnt realy a Fascist him self you had the Flange lead by Jose Antonio Preo De Revera who where coopted in to the FET-De la JONS along with traditionalists like the Carlists and verius military Juntas. my issue with calling Franco a fascist is that as far as i can tell he was never a member of the Flange and rather disliked the fascists at lest if they where alive and in his post war parlment there where only 2 falangists and there where if i am not mistaken i simaler amount Carlists as falangists the the Franco government. so calling the FET-DE La JONS outright fascist is somewhat reductionist in my estimation

  13. I can't see Ron Paul and Karl Marx becoming Kropotkin… o.O Ron Paul isn't a Libertarian, or an Anarchist, he's a Capitalist.

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