Automated Economy Explained: Mechanics of a Basic Income



西元前122年 羅馬帝國的蓋約·格拉古提出了一項糧食福利政策 後來被評為小確幸式的騙票( bread and circuses) 羅馬的地主紛紛頭也不回 將他們的雇工換成了從殖民地抓來的奴隸 這造成了大量的羅馬人失業 但帝國當局發現其實生產暢旺並未遇到欠收。但人民卻常吃不飽而痛苦不堪 後來他們調整了新的五穀供應政策,才逐漸恢復了穩定 將羅馬帝國的地主換成資本家,而奴隸換成機器人 就是你將看到的我們的未來 朋友們,也許您熱愛您的工作 工作也許為您帶來社會地位 但有個簡單的問題,如果問你的工作目的到底做了什麼 也許你會說, 工作給我一個生活的目標 不然每個月怎麼有收入進到銀行帳戶 如果現在有個選擇讓你選 你可以吃下藍色藥丸, 然後像以前繼續工作賺錢餬口 或者選擇吃下紅色藥丸,然後你就不必再工作了 您怎麼選? 這就是我們所面對的問題,工業發展正在逐漸地自動化 事實上,機器人將要逐漸取代我們的工作 你可以參考我們所介紹的一些新聞主題 建議您看看cgpgrey所提供的影片 這些可以幫您逐漸追上這時代將發生的演變 現在我們先簡介一個單純的經濟模型 其中左邊代表著普通勞工 就像一般的勞工大眾 右邊的企業是資本家營運的企業體 還有中央的公家機關或說是政府 左邊來自家戶的勞工提供勞務給企業 換取了勞動的收入 這使他們有能力花錢 從企業體得到 企業提供的產品或服務 當然了,大家都要繳稅 但是進入了自動化經濟系統 首先我們要調整一下這模型 先把勞工提供勞務,企業發薪水這兩條線刪掉 因為企業會開始使用機器人替代人類的勞務 一般人將沒有辦法在普通的職位上卡到位置 也不是他的錯 即使他的學歷不錯 但是仍然無法與精密,不休息的機器人競爭 我們姑且不把這叫作是失業 就像我們也不會特別說:你怎麼沒去當明星? 意即這將會變成普遍的常態 沒有了收入,家戶便沒能力繳稅 更慘的是他們也沒能力花錢了 這樣造成整個系統將會崩潰 我們並不希望這樣 因為經由生產與消費創造的財富才能支撐我們所希望經濟成長 目前最廣為倡議能修正這個問題的最佳的方法就是 全民基本收入(universal basic income ) 也就是UBI 政府發放基本收入給人民以支持人民基本的需求 稍等一下,這樣講聽起來好像共產主義 並不是的,聽我說 面對事實,把話說開 政府哪裡有足夠的錢來支付每個人每個月的收入 共產主義的作法是 政府來當老闆營運所有的生產 資本主義國家的自動化經濟體制則不是 任何人都可以成立公司發展企業 政府則透過稅收來取得資金 回到我們剛才的模型 你認為誰會是自動化經濟最大的受益者 你可能會感到興奮的說,是一般家戶的人民 因為一般家戶的人民可以無償得到收入 其實這個發放的收入 根本就是他們以前還有工作時所得到的薪水 所以現在不用工作了還能得到收入看起來確實是很大的優勢 但是其實最大的贏家不只是他們 在這系統中最大贏家是誰?答案是企業主 因為他們不用再支付薪水給員工 注意!這對企業主來說是一筆大錢 大多數企業目前最大的費用往往就是人力費用 現在好了,這筆錢安了 這就是為何無論以前或者現今的經濟系統 都不斷地將想把自動化比重提高 從兩件事能明顯看出 企業的錢越來越多了 收入的差距也越來越高了 因為企業裡分錢的人也越來越少了 這些也都是今天我們常看到的事 所以在自動化經濟時代下的政府 會需要對企業的高獲利徵收較高的稅率 如此系統的運作才會合理而科學 最重要的如果我們有正確的政策 則大家皆贏 企業家與資本家依然有高獲利 人民也能得到隨之提高的 UBI 這對各方都是很合理的 因為整個系統都已經提昇了效率 由於我們的勞務都已經交給了自動化吃電的機器人 而不再是一週只能幹40小時的猴子(老闆眼中的你) 這些機器人一週能幹168小時 不吃不喝不睡,不罷工,不犯錯 你可以買到不錯的房子 這是機器人幫你設計建造的 你可以買到一些不錯的產品, 這也是機器人製造的 這些都是因為你有全民基本收入的支撐 當GDP增長時代表著經濟狀況也好轉 而你的UBI收入也將隨著提高 而你的資產也跟著改善 這是一個簡化的模型示意圖 整個模型當然包含了增值稅 儲蓄與貿易,而這些我們下次再談 不過只要這裡的核心穩固了 其他的枝節也能隨之運行 既然我們知道這是我們的目標 我們必須找到一條通往這目標的路 這樣的轉變不會一夜完成 這可能將花上許多年的時間 我們在工業化的過程中 總出現一些缺陷,我們應記取教訓避免這些 所以我們應該將正確的機制做到位 使之順利的轉移 其中一個建議的機制可以運用 企業的自動化指標 這想法的自動化指標雖然還是假設式 但是我們來解釋一下該如何做 自動化指標衡量一個企業在各時段內自動化進展的程度 在這裡將有兩個指標 企業自動化指標 即 BAI 以及國家自動化指標 即 NAI BAI指標著 一個企業的自動化程度 用於計算他們需要繳的稅 舉例來說,一個企業自動化指標達到一, 代表其完全自動化 因此其稅率為最高稅率 其算法為企業原本需要繳交的企業稅款 加上100%的自動化稅 以此類推,某企業的BAI為0.5 代表其自動化程度已經達到一半 所以他必須繳納中等的稅率等級 即原本的公司稅 加上50%的自動化稅 沒錯!你會問到底該怎麼計算一個企業的BAI? 我知道你不想聽到,但是我必須說 計算BAI是另一個議題,我們找時間再談 現在我只能告訴你,所有計算BAI所需的數據 都已經在你公司現在的財務報表裡頭了 此外,國家自動化指標呢? NAI是由全國企業的BAI加權加總平均得來的 以全國企業統計的數據來衡量國家整體的自動化程度 用以調整年度全民基本收入水準 運用這樣的機制 政府從今天就可以開始發放全民基本收入了 也許一開始發放的金額會很低 這是因為即使是發達國家,目前依然沿用著舊有的經濟體制。 但是即使是每個月只發一千五百元 都算是建立起新經濟模式轉變的基石 而一旦這機制到位了,整個國家的經濟將會很快的進展 從這裡到那裡 感謝您的收看,若您看完了整片 請你支持我們 patreon 製作這影片花了我很多時間 有您的支持將鼓勵我提高未來影片的品質與產量 正體中文由Robotic Socialism協助翻譯
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Comments
  1. the main problem I see with this is that
    1: increase in wealth gap, super wealthy vs poor
    2: If you tax business more if they automate more, you are punishing them for automation and this stifles growth and holds back development
    3: The consumers are not really necessary in this system, you can just give them less money or no money, instead of trying to make products to sell to them

  2. This future is a bad idea. The government have complete authority on whether they want to pay us or not. If money is still necessary to buy, then the government will obviously remove us from the equation to have more money. Thus, being a politician or bending down to the government for their daily urge relief will be our only way of survival.

    That's assuming the government is still run by people.

  3. I totally disagree with this vid it time to get rid of the financial system altogether, the greed the evil and the corruption with it of cause we will never be crime free, but with out money and the temptation there of we will bee far better off and we can evolve into a much better race of human beings …

  4. More Khazarian economic spin in cover of their plundering and destroying of our civilization and futures.

    Say's Law, the 2nd Law of Thermodynamics of economics, states:

    " It is worthwhile to remark that a product is no sooner created than it, from that instant, affords a market for other products to the full extent of its own value. When the producer has put the finishing hand to his product, he is most anxious to sell it immediately, lest its value should diminish in his hands. Nor is he less anxious to dispose of the money he may get for it; for the value of money is also perishable. But the only way of getting rid of money is in the purchase of some product or other. Thus the mere circumstance of creation of one product immediately opens a vent for other products." –Say 1834, pp. 138–139

    i.e. "The production of goods creates its own demand"

    Robots are nothing more than capital goods machines. A capital goods machine's only job is to produce more for human consumption than could be produced if otherwise not employed–A loom, an assembly line, a robot, It does not matter. Say's Law informs that whatever capital goods machines, including robots, produce must be exchanged, paid for, by production elsewhere in an economy.

    The focus on robots is an effort of the Khazarian grifters to have us loose sight of their plundering and destroying of our civilization, and blame our increasing poverty on robots, and immigrants, instead of them.

    Not hate. Just unacceptable.

    "Ignorance is Strength." I'm weak.

  5. I disagree with NAI concept. That disincentive automation which should be incentivated. Companies should start, at last, paying taxes instead of completely avoiding them (like Amazon two years in a row now).

  6. Communism "States" don't own the companies, Communism isn't a form of government it's a form of societal gathering. Socialism is when workers run/own corporations but the government doesn't have to own them. Stop being ignorant about basic terms if you are going to discuss such topics.

  7. The value of work is the only thing that solidifies any kind of human rights. Without it common folk are meat in the eyes of the higher cast. If the state handles all money it has all the power. I doubt it will be as nice as you paint it.

  8. Paying people to be idle is never as beneficial to society as them learning new skills. Cancer research, vertical farming, renewable energy, battery technology. Go learn. Go contribute.

  9. You are missing the point, when elites get androids to do all the work, they wont need to care about ordinary citizens, since people in the government will naturally be from more powerful circles aka business owners, they wont really give much shit about unemployed masses, the only solution is return to communism, here i explain in details https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qHLRVT-k3mc

  10. YouTube The Zeitgeist Movement Moving Forward to see how we can transition from a monetary system to a natural law resource based economy!

  11. Technology will always evolve/ upgrade itself to the point that there will be no more 9 to 5 human occupations. That machines will repair and upgrade itself through AI, algorithms, etc. AI will take over humans in medicine, law, Wall Street, disease medical research, construction, retails, education, farming, landscaping, law enforcement/ security, etc.

  12. The wage slave capitalist conundrum. Work or starve to death. Technology will free humans from corporate labor for Income slave drudgery and improve the quality of people's lives.

  13. Where does the cash reserves come from if they'res no money being made ?…… this video has a hole in it…. I understand that robots running farms can produce free food, but this system has too many flaws. I would just like to know where the money comes from if no one has any….

  14. I always liked the idea of a UBI, but not as a result of automation but as a social support to the population. I can not imagine how the system presented in the video would work, because the system would still collapse. It would be impossible for people to earn money from corporate taxes, because as money is cyclical, the more people earn, the less money (profit) stay with the businesman, removing their incentives.

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