Alexander Berkman: What is Communist Anarchism? - Organisation of Labour for the Social Revolution



this audio production was made in collaboration with audible anarchist chapter xxvii organization of a labor for the social revolution proper preparation as suggested in the preceding pages will greatly lighten the task of the social revolution and assure its healthy development and functioning now what will be the main functions of the revolution every country has its specific conditions its own psychology habits and traditions and the process of revolution will naturally reflect the particularity of every land and its people but fundamentally all countries are alike and their social rather antisocial character whatever the political forms or economic conditions they are all built on invasive authority on monopoly on the exploitation of labour the main tasks of the social revolution is therefore essentially the same everywhere the abolition of government and of economic inequality and the socialization of the means of production and distribution production distribution and communication are the basic sources of existence upon them rests the power of course of authority and capital deprived of that power governors and rulers become just ordinary men like you and me common citizens among millions of others to accomplish that is consequently the primal and most vital function of the social revolution we know that revolution begins with Street disturbances and outbreaks it is the initial phase which involves force and violence but that is merely this spectacular prologue of the real of revolution the age of long misery and dignity suffered by the masses burst into disorder and tumult the humiliation the injustice meekly born for decades fine vent and acts of fury and destruction that is inevitable and it is solely the master class which is responsible for this preliminary character of the revolution for it is even more truce socially than individually that whoever sews the wind will weep the whirlwind the greater the oppression and the wretchedness to which the masses have been made to submit the fiercer will rage the social storm all history proves it but the Lords of life have never hearkened to its warning voice this phase of the revolution is of short duration it is usually followed by more conscious yet still spontaneous destruction of the Citadel's of authority the visible symbols of organized violence and brutality jails police stations and other government buildings are attacked the prisoners liberated legal documents destroyed it is the manifestation of instinctive popular justice thus one of the first gestures of the French Revolution was the demolition of the Bastille similarly in Russia prisons were stormed and the prisoners released at the very outset of the Revolution the wholesome institution of the people justly seized the prisoners as unfortunates victims of conditions and sympathizes with them as such the masses regard the courts and their Court and the records as instruments of class and justice and these are destroyed at the very beginning of the Revolution and quite properly so but this stage passes quickly the people's IR is soon spent simultaneously the revolution begins its constructive work do you really think that reconstruction could start so soon you ask my friend it must begin immediately in fact the more enlightened the masses have become the clearer the workers realize their aims and the better they are prepared to carry them out the less destructive the revolution will be and the quicker and more effectively will begin the work of reconstruction are you not too hopeful no I don't think so I'm convinced that the social revolution will not just happen it will have to be prepared organized yes indeed organized just as a strike is organized and truth it will be a strike the strike of the United workers of an entire country a general strike let us pause and consider this how do you imagine a revolution could be fought in these days of armoured tanks poison gas and military planes do you believe that the unarmed masses and their barricades could withstand high-power artillery and bombs thrown upon them from flying machines could labor fight military forces of government and capital it's ridiculous on the face of it isn't it and no less ridiculous is the suggestion that workers should form their own regiments shock troops or a red front as the Communist Party's advise you to do well such proletarian bodies ever be able to stand up against the trained armies of the government and private troops of capital will they have the least chance such a proposition needs only be stated to be seen that it is impossible folly it would simply mean sending thousands of workers to certain death it is time to have done with the obsolete idea of revolution nowadays government and capital are too well organized in a military way for the workers to ever be able to cope with them it would be criminal to attempt it insanity to even think of it the strength of labor is not on the field of battle it is in the shop in the mine and Factory there lies the power that no army in the world that can defeat no human agency can conquer in other words the social revolution can take place only by means of the general strike the general strike rightly understood and thoroughly carried out is the social revolution of this the British government became aware much quicker than the workers when the general strike was declared in England in May 1926 it means revolution the government said in effect to the strike leaders with all their armies and navies authorities were powerless in the face of the situation you can shoot people to death but you can't shoot them to work the labor leaders themselves were frightened and thought the general strike actually implied revolution British capital and government won the strike not by the strength of arms but because the lack of intelligence and courage on the part of the labor leaders and because the English workers were not prepared for the consequences of a general strike as a matter of fact the idea was quite new to them they had never before been interested in it never studied its significance potentialities it is safe to say that in a similar situation in France would have developed quite differently because in that country the toilers have for years been familiar with the general strike as a revolutionary proletarian weapon it is most important that we realize that the general strike is the only possibility of social revolution in the past the general strike has been propagated in various countries without sufficient emphasis that its real meaning is revolution that it is the only practical way to do it it is time for us to learn this and when we do so the social revolution will cease to be a vague unknown quantity it will become an actual actuality a definite method and aim a program whose first step is taking over the industries by organized labor I understand now why you said the social revolution means construction rather than destruction your friend remarks I'm glad you do and if you have followed me so far you will agree that the matter of taking over industries is not something that can be left to chance nor can it be carried out in a haphazard manner it can only be accomplished in a well-planned systematic and organized way you alone can't do it nor can I nor can any other man be Hugh a forward worker or the Pope of Rome there is no man nor any body of men that can manage it except for the workers themselves for it takes the workers to organize the industries but even the workers can't do it unless they are organized and organized for just such an undertaking but I thought you were an anarchist up interrupts your friend I am I've heard that anarchists don't believe in organization I imagine you have but that's an old argument anyone who tells you that anarchists don't believe an organization is talking nonsense organization is everything and everything into this organization the whole of life is organization conscious or unconscious every nation every family why even every individual is an organization or organism every part of every living thing is organized in such a manner that the whole works in harmony otherwise the different organs could not function properly and life could not exist but there is organization and organization capitalist society is so badly organized that its various members suffer just as when you have pain and some part of you your whole body aches and you are ill there is organization that is painful because it is ill and organization that is joyous because it means health and strength an organization is ill or evil when it neglects or suppresses any of its organs or members in the healthy organism all parts are equally valuable and none are discriminated against the organization built on compulsion which courses and forces is bad and unhealthy the libertarian organization formed voluntarily and in which every member is free and equal is a sound body and can work well such an organization is a free union of equal parts it is the kind of organization that anarchists believe in such must be the organization of the workers if Labour is to have a healthy body one that can operate effectively it means first of all that not a single member of the organisation or union may be with impunity be discriminated against so rest are ignored to do so would be the same as ignoring an aching tooth it would make you sick all over in other words the labor union must be built on the principle of equal liberty of all of its members only when each is free and independent cooperating with others from his own choice because of mutual interests can the whole work successfully and become powerful this equality means that it makes no difference what or who the particular worker is whether he is skilled or unskilled whether he is Mason carpenter engineer or day laborer whether he earns a little or much the interests of all are the same all belong together and only by standing together can they accomplish their purpose it means that the workers of the factory mill or mine must be organized as one body for it is not a question of what particular jobs they hold what craft or trade they follow but what their interests are and their interests are identical as against the employer and the system of exploitation consider yourself how foolish and inefficient is the present form of labour organization in which one trade or craft may be on strike while the other branches of the same industry continue at work is it not ridiculous that when the streetcar workers of New York for instance quit work and the employees of the subway cab and omnibus drivers remain on the job the main purpose of a strike is to bring about a situation that will compel the employer to give in to the demands of labour such a situation can only be created by a complete tie up of the industry in question so that a partial strike is merely a waste of Labor's time and energy not to speak of the harmful moral effect of the inevitable defeat think over the strikes in which you yourself have taken part and others you know of did your union ever win a fight unless it was able to compel the employer to give in but when was it able to do so only when the boss knew that the workers met business that there was no dissent among them that there was no hesitation and dallying that they were determined to win at whatever cost but particularly when the employer felt himself at the mercy of the union when he could not operate his factory or mine in the face of the workers a resolute stand when he could not get scabs or strike breakers and when he saw that his interests would suffer more by defying his employees than by granting their demands it is clear then that you can compel compliance only when you are determined when your union is strong when you are well-organized when you are united in such a manner that your boss cannot run his factory against your will but the employer is usually some big manufacturer or a company that has mills or mines in various places suppose it is a coal combine if it cannot operate its mines in Pennsylvania because of a strike it will try to make good its losses by continuing mining in Virginia or Colorado and increasing its production there now if the miners in those states keep on working while you and Pennsylvania are on strike the company loses nothing it may even welcome the strike in order to raise the price of coal on the ground that the supply is in short because of your strike and that way the company not only breaks your strike but also influences public opinion against you because the people foolishly believe that the higher price of coal is really the result of your strike while in fact it is due to the greed of the mine owners you will lose your strike and for some time to come you and the workers everywhere will have to pay more for coal and not only for coal but all the other necessities of life because the price of coal and general cost of living will go up reflect then how stupid is the present Union policy to permit other mines to operate while your mind is on strike the others remain at work to give financial support to your strike but don't you see that their aid only helps break your strike because they have to keep on working really scabbing on you in order to contribute to your strike fund can anything be more senseless and criminal this holds true of every industry and every strike can you wonder that most strikes are lost that is the case in America as well as other countries I have before me the blue book just published in England under the title of labor statistics the data prove that strikes do not lead to labor victories the figures for the last eight years are as follows results in favor of in nineteen twenty working people 390 employers 507 in 1921 152 in favour of working people and 315 in favour of employer employers in 1922 111 in favour of working people and 222 inflate favor of employers in 1923 187 strikes in favor of working people while 183 in favor of employers in 1924 162 strikes were in favor of working people while 253 or in favor of employers in 1925 154 strikes were in favor of working people while 189 were in favor of employers in 1920 667 or in favor of working people while 126 were in favor of employers and finally in 1927 61 strikes were in favor of working people while 118 were in favor of employers actually then almost 60% of the strikes were lost incidentally can also the loss of working days resulting from strikes which means no wages the total number of work days lost by English labour in 1912 was forty million eight hundred ninety thousand which is almost equal to the lives of two thousand men allotting to each sixty years in 1919 the number of work days lost was 34 million nine hundred and sixty nine thousand in 1920 26 million to five hundred and sixty eight thousand in 1921 85 million eight hundred and seventy two thousand in 1926 as a result of the general strike one hundred and sixty-two million two hundred and thirty three days these figures do not include time and wages lost through unemployment it doesn't take much arithmetic to see that strikes at present conducted don't pay and that the labor unions are not winners in industrial disputes this does not mean however that strike serve no purpose on the contrary they are of great value they teach the worker the vital need of cooperation of standing shoulder-to-shoulder with his fellows and unitedly fighting the common cause strikes train him in the class struggle to develop his spirit of joint effort of resistance to his masters of solidarity and responsibility in this sense even an unsuccessful strike is not a complete loss though the toilers learned that an injury to one is the concern of all the practical wisdom that embodies the deepest meaning of the proletarian struggle this does not relate only to the daily battle for material betterment but equally to everything pertaining to the worker and his existence and particularly to matters where justice and liberty are involved it is one of the most inspire sharing things to see the masses aroused on behalf of social justice whomever the cause at issue may concern for indeed it is the concern of us all in the truest and deepest sense the more labor becomes enlightened and aware of its larger interests the broader and more universal grow its sympathies the more worldwide its defence of justice and liberty it was a manifestation of this understanding when the workers in every country protested against the murder of Sacco and Vanzetti in Massachusetts instinctively and consciously the masses throughout the world felt as did all decent men and women that is their concern when such a crime is being perpetrated unfortunately that protest as many similar ones contented itself with mere resolutions had organized labor resorted to action such as a general strike its demands would not have been ignored and two of the workers best friends and noblest men would not have been sacrificed to the forces of reaction equally important it would have served as a valuable demonstration of the tremendous power of the proletariat the power that always conquers when it is unified and resolute this has been proven on numerous occasions in the past when the determined stand of labour prevented planned legal outrages as in the case of Haywood Moyer and Pettibone officials of the Western Federation of miners whom the coal barons of the state of Idaho had conspired to send to the gallows during the miners strike of 1905 again in 1917 it was the Solidarity of the toilers which the war did the execution of Tom Mooney in California the sympathetic attitude of organized labor in America towards Mexico has also till now in an obstacle to the military occupation of that country by the United States government half of the oil interests similarly in Europe United action by workers has been successful in repeatedly forcing the authorities to grant amnesty to political prisoners the government of England so feared the expressed sympathy of British labour for the Russian Revolution that it was compelled to pretend neutrality it did not dare openly aid the counter-revolution in Russia when the dockworkers refused to load food and ammunition intended for the white armies the English government resorted to deception it solemnly assured the workers that the shipments were intended for France in the course of my work collecting historic material in Russia in 1920 and 1921 I came into possession of official British documents proving the shipments had immediately forwarded from France by direct orders of the British government to the counter revolutionary generals in the north of Russia who intended to establish their the so-called Tchaikovsky Miller government this incident one of many demonstrates the wholesome fear the powers that be have of the awakening class consciousness and solidarity of the international proletariat the stronger the workers grow in this spirit the more effective will be their struggle for emancipation class consciousness and solidarity must assume national and international proportions before labour can attain its full strength wherever there is injustice wherever persecution and suppression be at the subjugation of the Philippines the invasion of Nicaragua the enslavement of the toilers and the Congo by Belgian exploiters the oppression of the masses in Egypt China Morocco or India it is the business of the workers everywhere to raise their voice against all such outrages and demonstrate their solidarity in common cause to the despoiled and disinherited throughout the world labor is slowly advancing to this social consciousness strikes and other sympathetic expressions are a valuable manifestation of this spirit if the greater number of strikes are lost at present it is because of the proletariat is not fully aware of its national and international interests it is not organized on the right principles and does not sufficiently realize the need of worldwide cooperation your daily struggles for better conditions would quickly assume a different character if you were organized in such a manner that when your factory or mind goes on strike the whole industry should quit work not gradually but at once all at the same time then the employer would be at your mercy for what could he do when not a wheel turns in the whole industry he can get enough strikebreakers for one or a few mills but an entire industry cannot be supplied with them nor would he consider it safe or advisable moreover suspension of work in any one industry would immediately affect a large number of others because modern industry is interwoven the situation would become the direct concern of the whole country the public would be aroused and demand a settlement the present when your single factory strikes no one cares about you and you may starve as long as you remain quiet that settlement would depend upon yourself and the strength of your organization when the bosses would quickly see that you know your power and that you are determined they'd give in quickly enough or seek a compromise they would be losing millions every day the strikes might even sabotage the works and machinery and the employers would only be too anxious to settle while in a strike of one factory or district they usually welcome this situation knowing as they do that the chances are all against you reflect therefore how important it is in what manner on what principles your union is built and how vital later labor solidarity and cooperation are and your everyday struggle for better conditions in unity is your strength but that unity is non-existent and impossible as long as you are organized on craft lines instead of by industries there is nothing more important than urgent than that you and your fellow workers see to it immediately that you change your form of organization but it is not only the form that must be changed their union must become clear about its aims and purposes the worker should most earnestly consider what he really wants how he means to achieve it by what methods he must learn what his union should be how it should function and what it should try to accomplish now what is the Union to accomplish what should be the aims of a real labor union first of all the purpose of a union is to serve the interests of its members that is its primary duty there is no quarrel about that every working man understands it if some refuse to join a labor body it is because there are they are too ignorant to appreciate its great value in which case they must be enlightened but generally they decline to belong to a union because they have no faith or disappointed in it most of those who remain away from the union do so because they hear about much boasting about the strength of organized labor while they know from bitter experience that it is defeated and almost every important struggle oh the Union they say scornfully it doesn't amount to anything to speak quite truthfully to a certain extent they are right they see organized capital proclaim the open shop policy to defeat unions they see labour lead sell out strikes and betray workers they see the membership of the rank-and-file helpless and the political machinations in and out of the union to be sure they don't understand why it is so but they do see the facts and they turn against the Union some again refuse to have anything to do with the Union because at one time they belong to it and they know what an insignificant role the Union member the average worker plays in the affairs of the organization the local leaders the district and central bodies the national and international officers and the chiefs of the American Federation of Labor in the United States run the whole show they will tell you you have nothing to do but vote and if you do object you'll fly out unfortunately they are right you know how the Union is managed the rank-and-file have little to say they have delegated the whole power to the leaders and these have become bosses just as in the larger life of society the people are made to submit to the orders of those who originally meant to serve them the government and its agents once you do that the power you have delegated will be used against you and your interests every time and then you complain that your leaders misuse their power no my friend they don't misuse it they only use it for it is the use of power which is itself the worst misuse all of this has to be changed if you really want to achieve results in society it is to be changed by taking political power away from governor's abolishing it altogether I have shown that political power means Authority oppression and tyranny and that it is not political government that we need but rational management of our collective affairs just like your Union you need sensible administration of your business we know what tremendous power labor has as the Creator all wealth and the supporter of the world if it is properly organized and United the workers could control the situation be the masters of it but the strength of the worker is not the union meeting hall it is the shop and factory in the mill and mine it is there that he must organize there on the job there he knows what he wants what he needs and it is there that he must concentrate his efforts and his will every shop and factory should have its special committee to attend to the wants and requirements of the men not leaders but members of the rank-and-file from the bench and furnace to look after the after the demands and complaints of the fellow employees such a committee being on the spot and constantly under the direction and supervision of the workers wields no power it merely carries out instructions its members are recalled at will and others selected in their place according to the need of the moment and the ability required in the task at hand it is the workers who decide the matters at issue and carry their decisions out through the shop committees that is the character and form of organization that labor needs only in this form can it express its real purpose and will be it's adequate spokesmen and serve its true interests these shop and factory committees combined with similar bodies and other Mills and minds associated locally regionally and nationally would constitute a new type of labor organization which would be the virile voice of toil and it's effective agency it would have the whole weight and energy of the United workers to back it and would represent a power tremendous in its scope and potential and the daily struggle of the proletariat such an organization would be able to achieve victories about which the can servant of Union as it is present built cannot even dream it would enjoy the respect and confidence of the masses would attract unorganized and unite labor forces on the basis of equality of all of its workers and their joint interests and aims it would face the masters with the whole might of the working class in back of it in a new attitude of consciousness and strength only then would labour acquire unity and the expression of it assume real significance such a union would soon become something more than a mere defender and protector of the worker it would gain a vital realization of the meaning of unity and consequent power of labour solidarity the factory and shop would serve as a training camp to develop the workers understanding of his proper role in life to cultivate his self-reliance and independence to teach him mutual help and cooperation to make him conscious of his responsibilities he will learn to decide and act on his own judgment not leaving it to leaders and politicians to attend to his affairs and look out for his welfare it will be he he will determine together with his fellows at the bench what they want and what methods will best serve their aims and his committee on the spot would merely carry out instructions the shop and factory would become the workers school in college there he would learn his place in society his function in industry and his purpose in life he will mature as a working man and as a man and a giant of labour will attain his full stature he will know and be strong thereby not long will he be satisfied then to remain a wage slave an employee and dependent on the goodwill of the mast whom his toil supports he will grow to understand that the present economic and social arrangements are wrong and criminal and he will determine to change them the shop committee and the union will become the field of preparation for a new Afghan economic system for a new social life you see then how necessary it is that you and I and every man and woman who has the interests of Labor at heart work towards these objectives and right here I want to emphasize that it is particularly urgent that the more advanced proletarian the radical and the revolutionary reflect upon this more earnestly for most of them even to some anarchists this is only a pious wish a distant hope they fail to realize that transcending importance of the efforts in that direction yet it is no mere dream large numbers of progressive working men are coming to this understanding the Industrial Workers of the world and the revolutionary anarchist syndicate syndicate and every country are devoting themselves to this end it is the most pressing need of the moment it cannot be stressed too much that only the right of organization of the workers can accomplish what we are striving for it lies in the salvation of Labor of and of the future organization from the bottom up beginning with a shop and factory on the foundation of joint interests of the workers everywhere irrespective of trade race or country by means of mutual effort and United will alone can solve the labor question and truly serve the emancipation of man you were speaking of the workers taking over the industries your friend reminds me how are they going to do this yes I was on the subject when you made that remark about organization but it is well that the matter is discussed because there is nothing more vital in the problem that we are examining to return to the taking over at the industries it means not only taking them over but the running of them by labor as concerns the taking over you must consider that the workers are now in the industries the taking over consists in the workers remaining where they are yet remaining not as employees but as the rightful collective possessors grasp this point my friend the expropriation of the capitalist class during the social revolution taking over of entire industries requires tactics directly with the reverse of those now used in a strike in the latter you quit work and leave the boss in full possession of the mill factory or mine it is an idiotic proceeding of course for you give the master the entire advantage he can put scabs in your place and you remain out in the cold in expropriating on the contrary you stay on the job and you put the boss out he may remain only on equal terms with the rest a worker among workers the labor organizations of a given place take charge of the public utilities of the means of communication of production and distribution in the particular locality that is the telegraphers the telephone and electrical workers the railroad men and so on take possession by means of revolutionary shop Committees of their work shop factory or other establishment the capitalistic foremen overseers and managers are removed from the premises if they resist the change and refuse to cooperate if willing to participate they are made to understand that they are hence that henceforth there are neither masters nor owners that the factory becomes public property in charge of the union of workers engaged in the industry all equal partners in the general undertaking it is to be expected that the higher officials of large industrial manufacturing concerns will refuse to cooperate thus they eliminate themselves their place must be taken by workers previously prepared for the job that is why I've emphasized the utmost importance of industrial preparation this is a primal necessity in a situation that will inevitably develop and on it will depend more than any other factor the success of the social revolution industrial preparation is the most essential point for without it the revolution is doomed to collapse the engineers and other technical specialists are more likely to join hands with labour when the revolution comes particularly if a closer bond and better understanding have in the meantime been established between the manual and mental workers should they refuse and should the workers have failed to prepare themselves industrially and technically then production would depend on compelling the willfully obstinate to cooperate in an experiment tried in the Russian Revolution and proved a complete failure the grave mistake of the Bolsheviki in this connection was their hostile treatment of the whole working class of the intelligencia on account of its opposition to some of the members of it it was the spirit of intolerance inherent in the fanatical dogma which caused them to persecute an entire social group because of the fault of a few this manifested itself in the policy of wholesale vengeance upon the professional elements and the technical specialists the co-operative organizations and all cultured persons in general most of them at first friendly to the revolution some even enthusiastic in its favor were alienated by the Bolshevik bolshevik tactics and their cooperation was made impossible as a result of their dictatorial attitude the Communists were led to resort to increased oppression and tyranny until they finally introduced purely martial methods in the industrial life of the country it was the error of compulsory labour the militarization of factory and mill which unavoidably ended in disaster because forced labor is by the very nature of coercion bad and inefficient moreover those so compelled to react upon the situation by willful sabotage by systematic delay and spoilage of work which an intelligent enemy can practice in a way that cannot be detected in due time and which results in greater harm to machinery and product than direct refusal to work in spite of the most drastic measures against this kind of sabotage in spite of even the death penalty the government was powerless to overcome the evil the placing of a Bolshevik of a political commissar over every technician in the more responsible positions did not help matters it merely created a legion of parasitic officials who ignorant of industrial matters only interfered with the work of those friendly to the revolution and willing to aid while their unfamiliarity with a task in no way prevented continued sabotage the system of forced labor finally developed in what practically became economic counter-revolution and no efforts of the dictatorship could alter the situation it was the this that caused the Bolsheviki to change from compulsory labor to a policy of winning over the specialists and technicians by returning them to Authority in the industries and rewarding them with high pay and special emollients it would be stupid and criminal to try again the methods which have so singly failed in the rush revolution and by their very character are bound to fail every time both industrially and morally the only solution to this problem is the already suggested preparation and training of the workers in the art of organizing and managing industry as well as closer contact between manual and technical men every factory mine and mill should have its special workers council separate from and independent of the shop committee for the purpose of familiarizing the workers with the various phases of the particular industry including the sources of raw material the consecutive processes of manufacture byproducts and manner of distribution the Industrial Council should be permanent but its members must rotate in such a manner as to take in practically all the employees of a given factory or mill to illustrate suppose the Industrial Council of a certain establishment consists of five members or 25 as the case may be according to the complexity of the industry and size of a particular factory the members of the council after having thoroughly acquainted themselves with their industry publish what they have learned for the information of their fellow workers and new council members are chosen to continue the Industrial Studies in this manner the whole Factory or mill can consecutively acquire the necessary knowledge about the organization and management of their trade to keep step with its development these councils would serve as industrial colleges where workers would become familiar with the technique of their industry in all its phases at the same time the larger organization the union must use every effort to compel capital to permit greater labor participation in the actual management but this even at best can only benefit a small minority of the workers the plan suggested above on the other hand opens the possibility of industrial training to practically every worker in the shop mill and Factory it is true of course that there are certain types of work such as engineering civil electrical mechanical which the industrial councils will not be able to acquire of actual practice but what they will learn of the general processes of the industry will be a vital value as preparation for the rest a closer bond of friendship and cooperation between worker and technician is a paramount necessity the taking over of industries is therefore the first great object of the social revolution it is to be accomplished by the proletariat by the part of it organized and prepared for the task considerable numbers of workers are already beginning to realize the importance of this and to understand the task before them but understanding what is necessary to be done is not sufficient learning how to do it is the next step it is up to the organized working class to enter at once upon this preparatory work this has been a production of audible anarchist you can find more audible anarchist on YouTube you




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